Analyzing Grammar An Introduction

ISBN-10: 0521016533

ISBN-13: 9780521016537

Edition: 2005

Authors: Paul R. Kroeger
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Description: Analyzing Grammar is a clear introductory textbook on grammatical analysis, designed for students beginning to study the discipline. Covering both syntax (the structure of phrases and sentences) and morphology (the structure of words), it equips them with the tools and methods needed to analyze grammatical patterns in any language. Students are shown how to use standard notational devices such as phrase structure trees and word-formation rules, as well as prose descriptions. Emphasis is placed on comparing the different grammatical systems of the world's languages, and students are encouraged to practice the analyses through a diverse range of problem sets and exercises. Topics covered include word order, constituency, case, agreement, tense, gender, pronoun systems, inflection, derivation, argument structure and grammatical relations, and a useful glossary provides a clear explanation of each term. Accessibly written and comprehensive, Analyzing Grammar is set to become a key text for all courses in grammatical analysis.

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Book details

List price: $49.99
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 5/5/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.716
Language: English

Paul R. Kroeger is Associate Professor and Head of the Department of Linguistics at the Graduate Institute of Applied Linguistics, Dallas.

Preface and acknowledgments
List of abbreviations
Grammatical form
Form, meaning, and use
Aspects of linguistic form
Grammar as a system of rules
Conclusion
Analyzing word structure
Identifying meaningful elements
Morphemes
Representing word structure
Analyzing position classes
A typology of word structure
Exercises
Constituent structure
Ambiguity
Constituency
Hierarchy
Syntactic categories
Tree diagrams: representing the constituents of a clause
Pronouns and proper names as phrasal categories
Conclusion
Practice exercises
Exercises
Semantic roles and Grammatical Relations
Simple sentences and propositions
Arguments and semantic roles
Grammatical Relations
Adjuncts vs. arguments
"Indirect objects" and secondary objects
Conclusion
Exercises
Lexical entries and well-formed clauses
Lexical entries
Argument structure and subcategorization
Properties of a well-formed clause
Uniqueness of oblique arguments
Zero-anaphora ("pro-drop")
Further notes on English Phrase Structure
Conclusion
Exercises
Noun Phrases
Complements and adjuncts of N
Determiners
Adjectives and Adjective Phrases (AP)
Possession and recursion
English NP structure (continued)
Conclusion
Practice exercise
Exercises
Case and agreement
Case
Agreement
Conclusion
Exercises
Noun classes and pronouns
Noun classes and gender
Pronouns
Exercises
Tense, Aspect, and Modality
Tense
Aspect
Perfect vs. perfective
Combinations of tense and aspect
Mood
Modality
Conclusion
Exercises
Non-verbal predicates
Basic clause patterns with and without the copula
Existential and possessive clauses
Cross-linguistic patterns
A note on "impersonal constructions"
Further notes on the predicate complement (XCOMP) relation
Conclusion
Exercises
Special sentence types
Direct vs. indirect speech acts
Basic word order
Commands (imperative sentences)
Questions (interrogative sentences)
Negation
Conclusion
Practice exercise
Exercises
Subordinate clauses
Coordinate vs. subordinate clauses
Complement clauses
Direct vs. indirect speech
Adjunct (or Adverbial) clauses
Relative clauses
Conclusion
Practice exercise
Exercises
Derivational morphology
Stems, roots, and compounds
Criteria for distinguishing inflection vs. derivation
Examples of derivational processes
Word structure revisited
Conclusion
Practice exercise
Exercises
Valence-changing morphology
Meaning-preserving alternations
Meaning-changing alternations
Incorporation
Conclusion
Practice exercises
Exercises
Allomorphy
Suppletion
Morphophonemic changes
Rules for suppletive allomorphy
Inflectional classes
Conclusion
Practice exercises
Exercises
Non-linear morphology
Non-linear sequencing of affixes
Modifications of phonological features
Copying, deleting, re-ordering, etc.
Inflectional rules
Conclusion
Exercises
Clitics
What is a "word?"
Types of clitics
Clitic pronouns or agreement?
Conclusion
Practice exercise
Exercises
Swahili data for grammar sketch
Glossary
References
Language index
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