Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

ISBN-10: 0495809896

ISBN-13: 9780495809890

Edition: 4th 2011

List price: $264.95
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Book details

List price: $264.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 8/17/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 368
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.474
Language: English

Harry R. Dammer, Ph.D., is professor and chair of Criminal Justice/Sociology at the University of Scranton. In addition to COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS, he is also the author of RELIGION IN CORRECTIONS and THE OFFENDER IN THE COMMUNITY with Todd R. Clear, as well as many articles, manuals, and professional reports on a variety of criminal justice topics. A graduate of the Rutgers School of Criminal Justice, Dr. Dammer is active in numerous professional organizations, including the American Society of Criminology, the American Correctional Association, and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences--where he served as chair of the International Section. He received two Fulbright Grants and has lectured at numerous professional conferences in Canada, South Korea, Hungary, Greece, Switzerland, Germany, England, Portugal, China, and Poland.

Introduction
Defining Terms
The Origins and Growth of Comparative Criminal Justice
Why Compare Systems of and Issues in Criminal Justice?
The Historical-Political Approach
Model Systems
Basic Values in the Criminal Justice System
Political Culture versus Politicized Justice
The Plan of This Book
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Hotel Rwanda" (2005)
Critical Thinking Exercise: Honor Killing
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Web Pages for Chapter
Measuring and Comparing Crime in and Across Nations
Why Measure Crime and Compare Crime Data?
The Historical Background of International Crime Data
The Different Kinds of Crime Data
Limitations of International Crime Data
How to Compare International Crime Data
International Crime Rates
The Exception: Countries with Low Crime
How Does the United States Measure Up?
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Taken" (2008)
Critical Thinking Exercise: Wales Has the Third Highest Rate of Violence?
Discussion Questions and Exercises
For Further Reading
Web Pages for Chapter
Families of Law.
Ancient and Lesser-Employed Legal Traditions
Clarifying Terms
The Civil Law
The Common Law
The Socialist Law
The Sacred Law
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Slumdog Millionaire" (2008)
Critical Thinking Exercise: Equal in China?
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Web Pages for Chapter
Six Model Nations
Key Terms and Concepts
England
Overview
Historical Developments
Crime
Criminal Law
The Criminal Justice System
Comparisons with the United States
France
Overview
Historical Developments
Crime
Criminal Law
The Criminal Justice System
Comparisons with the United States
Germany
Overview
Historical Developments
Crime
Criminal Law
The Criminal Justice System
Comparisons with the United States.
China
Overview
Historical Developments
Crime
Criminal Law
The Criminal Justice System
Comparisons with the United States
Japan
Overview
Historical Developments
Crime
Criminal Law
The Criminal Justice System
Comparisons with the United States
Saudi Arabia
Overview
Historical Developments
Crime
Criminal Law
The Criminal Justice System
Comparisons with the United States
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Crash" (2006)
Critical Thinking Exercise: Oil Industry Faces Trial on Rights Abuses
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading.
Relevant Web Pages
Criminal Justice Processes
Law Enforcement: Functions, Organization, and Community Involvement
Key Terms and Concepts
Functions of Police
Deviance Control
Civil Order Control
The Functional Organization of Police Forces
Comparing the Different Styles of Policing
Policing Styles
Community Policing
Zero Tolerance Policing
Proactive Policing
Peace Operations and Peacekeeping
Policing in the Model Countries
England
France
Germany
China
Japan
Saudi Arabia
Community Policing in the Model Countries
International Police Cooperation
Barriers to Cooperation
Changing Role of Police
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Rendition" (2007)
Critical Thinking Exercise: Police Policy of Pay-for-sex Services is Challenged
Discussion Questions and Exercises
For Further Reading
Relevant Web Pages
Criminal Procedure
Key Terms and Concepts
The Adversarial System
Common Law Criminal Procedure
The Right to Counsel
The Right to Remain Silent
The Right to Trial by Jury
The Right to Bail
The Differences in Criminal Procedure Rules in Common Law Countries
The Inquisitorial System
Civil Law Criminal Procedure
The Investigation
The Right to Counsel
The Right to Remain Silent
The Trial
Similarities and Differences Between the French, German, and American Systems
The Mixed Court
Socialist Criminal Procedure
Pretrial Investigation, Arrest, and Detention
The Right to Counsel
The Trial Process and Judicial Fairness
Distinctive Aspects of Socialist Law Procedure
Japan: The Hybrid Situation
Sacred (Islamic) Criminal Procedure
The Convergence of Systems
Constitutional Review
Constitutional Review in Model Countries
Beyond Constitutional Review: Supranational Courts of Human Rights
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Lord of War" (2005)
Critical Thinking Exercise: Suspects Shot "Casing Videos"
Discussion Questions and Activities
For Further Reading
Relevant Web Pages
Courts and Adjudication
Key Terms and Concepts
The Legal Profession
Key Issues in the Legal Profession
The Concept of a Court
The Development of Courts in Western Nations
The Study of Courts
Courts and the Legal Profession in England
Courts and the Legal Profession in France
Courts and the Legal Profession in Germany
Courts and the Legal Profession in China
Courts and the Legal Profession in Japan
Courts and the Legal Profession in Saudi Arabia
Supranational Courts
Supranational Courts Today
The Development of the ECHR
International Court of Justice
Dealing with International Criminals: The ICTY, ICTR, and ICC
International Criminal Court
The Legal Jurisdiction of Supranational Courts
Future Developments in Supranational Courts
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Last King of Scotland" (2006)
Critical Thinking Exercise: Questions about South Korea's Constitutional Court
Discussion Questions and Exercises
For Further Reading
Relevant Web Pages
After Conviction: The Sentencing Process
Key Terms and Concepts
The Purposes of Criminal Sanctions
Sentencing Practices
Corporal Punishment
Noncustodial Sanctions
Monetary Sanctions
Fines
Day Fines
Confiscation and Forfeiture
Restitution and Community Service
Community Supervision
Probation
House Arrest
Electronic Monitoring
Exile
Warnings
Other punishments
Imprisonment
International Prison Data
Limits of International Prison Data
Commitment to Mental Hospitals
The Death Penalty
Public Opinion and Sentencing
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Traffic" (2001)
Critical Thinking Exercise: A Possible Move from the Adversarial to the Inquisitorial Legal System?
Discussion Questions and Exercises
For Further Reading
Relevant Web Pages
Penal Policy and Prison Systems
Key Terms and Concepts
The Evolution of Prison Systems
Penal Policy in the Model Nations.
England and Wales
France
Germany
China
Japan
Saudi Arabia
Prison Crowding
Prison Crowding Data
Effects of Prison Crowding
Solutions to Prison Crowding
Rights of Prisoners
Treatment of Offenders in the Custody of the United States
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Return to Paradise" (1998)
Critical Thinking Exercise: The global shift against the death penalty
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Relevant Web Pages
Modern Dilemmas in International Criminal Justice
Terrorism
Key Terms and Concepts
The Historical Background of Terrorism
Defining Terrorism
The Goals of Terrorism
The Prevalence of Terrorism
Terrorist Groups
Northern Ireland
Palestine
Al-Qaida
Terrorism in the Model Nations
Responses to International Terrorism
Foreign Policy
International Cooperation Strategies
Military and Police Detection and Apprehension Strategies
Adjudication
The Future of Terrorism
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Syriana" (2005)
Critical Thinking Exercise: Fighting Terrorism through Anti-Drug Investigations?
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Relevant Web Pages
Transnational Organized Crime and Corruption
Key Terms and Concepts
What is Organized Crime?
The Scope of the Organized Crime Problem Worldwide
The Organized Crime Situation in Selected World Regions
Europe
Central Asia
Other World Regions
Corruption
Responses to Organized Crime
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Blood Diamond" (2006)
Critical Thinking Exercise: International Money Laundering Scheme
Discussion Questions
For Further Reading
Relevant Web Pages
Juvenile Justice in International Perspective
Key Terms and Concepts
What is Delinquency?
Measuring Delinquency
Adjudicating Juveniles
The United Nations and Juvenile Justice
Correcting Juveniles: Punishment versus Rehabilitation
Delinquency Prevention Approaches
Juvenile Justice in Model Countries
England
France
Germany
Japan
China
Saudi Arabia
Future of Juvenile Justice
Summary
Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Midnight Express" (1978)
Critical Thinking Exercise: United Nations Urged to End Executions of Juvenile Offenders
Discussion Questions
Relevant Web Pages
For Further Reading
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