Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare Empowering People

ISBN-10: 0495809527
ISBN-13: 9780495809524
Edition: 10th 2010
Authors: Charles Zastrow
List price: $263.95
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Book details

List price: $263.95
Edition: 10th
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Brooks/Cole
Publication date: 8/6/2009
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 640
Size: 8.25" wide x 10.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.750

Charles Zastrow, MSW, Ph.D., is Professor Emeritus in Social Work at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, where he chaired the Social Work Department for six years. He has also been the Assistant Director and Professor in the Social Work Program at George Williams College in Williams Bay, Wisconsin, where he currently teaches. A Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the state of Wisconsin, Dr. Zastrow has worked as a practitioner for various agencies, chaired social work accreditation site visit teams for the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE), and served on the Commission on Accreditation of CSWE. He also is a member of the BPD board. A leader in social work education and a bestselling author, Dr. Zastrow has written more than 45 articles in professional journals as well as nine books, including four textbooks: THE PRACTICE OF SOCIAL WORK, SOCIAL WORK WITH GROUPS, SOCIAL PROBLEMS: ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS, and UNDERSTANDING HUMAN BEHAVIOR AND THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT (with Dr. Karen Kirst-Ashman).

Preface
Social Welfare: Its Business, History, and Future
Goal of Social Welfare
Social Welfare as an Institution and as a Discipline
Social Welfare's Relationship to Sociology and to Other Academic Disciplines
Social Welfare's Relationship to Social Work
Social Welfare's Relationship to Other Institutions
Social Welfare's Relationship to Human Services
Residual View versus Institutional View of Social Welfare
Liberalism versus Conservatism
Developmental View of Social Welfare
History of Social Welfare
Early European History
The Elizabethan Poor Law
The Industrial Revolution
Turn of the 20th Century
The Great Depression and the Social Security Act
The Great Society and War on Poverty
Conservatism in the 1970s and 1980s
A Move toward Liberalism-and Back-in the 1990s
The Devolution Revolution
Compassionate Conservatism
Barack Obama-Will Change Come?
Where Do We Stand Today?
The Future
Dramatic Changes Foreseen in the American Family
Biomedical Technology
New Family Forms
Concluding Comments
Summary
Social Work as a Profession and a Career
A Brief History of Social Work
A Multiskilled Profession
A Problem-Solving Approach
Generalist Social Work Practice
Micro-, Mezzo-, and Macropractice
Social Casework
Case Management
Group Work
Group Therapy
Family Therapy
Community Organization
Administration
A Medical versus a Systems Model of Human Behavior
An Ecological Model of Human Behavior
Goals of Social Work Practice
Enhance the Problem-Solving, Coping, and Developmental Capacities of People
Link People with Systems That Provide Them with Resources, Services, and Opportunities
Promote the Effectiveness and Humane Operation of Systems That Provide People with Resources and Services
Develop and Improve Social Policy
Promote Human and Community Well-Being
The Strengths Perspective and Empowerment
Social Work Stereotypes
Employment Settings and Opportunities in Social Work
Private Practice of Social Work
International Social Work
Self-Awareness and Identity Development
Identity Formation
Questions for Arriving at a Sense of Identity
Summary
Generalist Social Work Practice
Generalist Social Work Practice Defined
The Change Process
Educational Policy 2.1.10(a)-Engagement
Educational Policy 2.1.10(b)-Assessment
Educational Policy 2.1.10(c)-Intervention
Educational Policy 2.1.10(d)-Evaluation
Engaging Clients in an Appropriate Working Relationship
Identifying Issues, Problems, Needs, Resources, and Assets
Collecting and Assessing Information
Planning for Service Delivery
Using Communication Skills, Supervision, and Consultation
Identifying, Analyzing, and Implementing Empirically Based Interventions Designed to Achieve Client Goals
Applying Empirical Knowledge and Technological Advances
Evaluating Program Outcomes and Practice Effectiveness
A Variety of Roles
Enabler
Broker
Advocate
Activist
Mediator
Negotiator
Educator
Initiator
Empowerer
Coordinator
Researcher
Group Facilitator
Public Speaker
Social Work with Individuals
Social Work with Families
Family Problems
Satir's Family Therapy Approach
Social Work with Groups
Therapy Groups
Social Work with Organizations
Social Work with the Community
A Brief History of Community Practice
Models of Community Practice
Knowledge, Skills, and Values for Social Work Practice
Educational Policy 2.1-Core Competencies
Educational Policy B2.2-Generalist Practice
Educational Policy M2.2-Advanced Practice
Educational Policy 2.3-Signature Pedagogy: Field Education
Social Work Values
Respect for the Dignity and Uniqueness of the Individual
Clients' Right to Self-Determination
Confidentiality
Advocacy and Social Action for the Oppressed
Accountability
The Institutional Orientation
Respect for the Spiritual and Religious Beliefs of Others
Promoting Social and Economic Justice, and Safeguarding Human Rights
Social Work Education
Two-Year Associate Programs
Undergraduate and Graduate Education
Summary
Social Problems and Social Services
Poverty and Public Welfare
The Problem
A Brief History of Our Response to the Poor
The Rich and the Poor
Defining Poverty Is a Policy Problem
Who Are the Poor?
Causes of Poverty
The Culture of Poverty
Functions of Poverty
Social Insurance Programs
Old Age, Survivors, Disability, and Health Insurance (OASDHI)
Medicare
Unemployment Insurance
Workers' Compensation Insurance
Public Assistance Programs
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
General Assistance
Medicaid
Food Stamps
Housing Assistance
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
Proposed Welfare Alternative Program: Family Allowance Program
Social Work and Public Welfare
Working with Discouraged People
President Obama's Proposals to Combat Poverty
Summary
Emotional/Behavioral Problems and Counseling
A Perspective on Emotional and Behavioral Problems
Nature and Extent of Emotional and Behavioral Problems
What Is Mental Illness?
Medical Model
Interactional Model
Labeling as the Cause of Chronic ""Mental Illness""
Other Issues
The Homeless
Civil Rights
Plea of Innocent by Reason of Insanity
Use of Psychotropic Drugs
Managed Mental Health Care
Social Structure and Mental Illness
Treatment
Brief History
Current Trends
Treatment Facilities: Community Mental Health Centers
Social Work and Mental Health
Counseling
How to Counsel
Comprehensive and Specialized Counseling Approaches
Changing Unwanted Emotions
Meaningful Activity
Changing Self-Talk
Changing the Distressing Event
Destructive Ways of Dealing with Unwanted Emotions
Summary
Family Problems and Services to Families
Diverse Family Forms
The American Family: Past and Present
The Family in Preindustrial Society
The Family in Industrial Society
Problems in the Family
Divorce
Empty-Shell Marriages
Violence in Families
Sexual Abuse of Children
Births Outside of Marriage
Rape
Summary
Sexual Orientation and Services to GLBT Individuals
Sex in History and in Other Cultures
Formal Study of Sex
Sigmund Freud
Alfred Kinsey
William Masters and Virginia Johnson
Variances Rather Than Sexual Problems
Sexual Orientation
Some Definitions
Myths and Facts about Gays and Lesbians
Incidence of Homosexuality
Causes of Sexual Orientation
Life Experiences of Gays and Lesbians
Current Issues for Gays and Lesbians
A Brief Introduction to Transgenderism
Social Work with GLBT Individuals
Summary
Drug Abuse and Drug Treatment Programs
Drugs and Drug Abuse
A Brief History of Our Drug-Taking Society
Sociological Theories of Drug Abuse
Anomie Theory
Labeling Theory
Differential Association
Drug Subcultures
Facts about and Effects of Commonly Used Drugs
Depressants
Stimulants
Hallucinogens
Tobacco
Marijuana
Anabolic Steroids
Rehabilitation Programs
Alcohol Treatment Programs
Other Drug Treatment Programs
Understanding and Treating Codependency
Suggestions for Curbing Drug Abuse in the Future
Educational Programs
Prevention of Illegal Drug Trafficking across Borders
Employee Drug-Testing Programs
Stricter Laws and Enforcement
Decriminalization of Drug Use
Summary
Crime, Juvenile Delinquency, and Correctional Services
Nature and Extent of Crime
What Is Crime?
How Extensive Is Crime?
Who Is Arrested?
How Accurate Are Official Crime Statistics?
Crime Causation Theories
Early Theories
Physical and Mental Trait Theories
Psychological Theories
Sociological Theories
Usefulness of Theories
Types of Crime
Organized Crime
White-Collar Crime
Computer Crime
Hate Crime
Public-Order Crimes
Sex Offenses
Human Trafficking
Homicide and Assault
Theft
Juvenile Delinquency
The Criminal Justice System
The Police
The Courts
Correctional Systems
How to Reduce Crime and Delinquency
Increasing or Decreasing Sentences
Reforming the Correctional System
Preventing Crime
Social Work and the Criminal Justice System
Role of Social Work
Factors Influencing Treatment
Summary
Problems in Education and School Social Work
Problematic Areas in Education
The Question of Quality
Equal Access to Quality Education
Confusion about the Goals of Education
Intolerable Working Conditions for Some Teachers
Strategies to Improve Education
Increase Incentives for Teachers
Improve the Curriculum
Allow Parental Choice of Schools
Expand Preschool Programs
Toward Equal Educational Opportunity
Reform of School Financing
Compensatory Education
Effective Integration
President Obama's Proposals to Improve Education
School Social Workers: A Response to Crisis
The Nature of Behavior
Traditional School Social Work Roles
Newer School Social Work Roles
Summary
Work-Related Problems and Social Work in the Workplace
A Brief History of Work
Trends in the American Workforce
Increase in White-Collar Workers
Emergence of an Employee Society
Specialization
Increase in Women in the Workforce
Emphasis on Intrinsic Rewards
Emphasis on High Technology
The Growth of Low-Paying Jobs
Outsourcing in a Global Factory
Problems in the Work Setting
Alienation
Unemployment
Occupational Health Hazards
Social Work in the Workplace
A Brief History
The Status of Social Work in the Workplace
Employee Assistance Programs
Summary
Racism, Ethnocentrism, and Strategies for Advancing Social and Economic Justice
Ethnic Groups and Ethnocentrism
Race and Racism
Prejudice, Discrimination, and Oppression
Racial and Ethnic Stereotypes
Racial and Ethnic Discrimination
Race as a Social Concept
Institutional Racism and Institutional Discrimination
Immigration Status
White Privilege
Causes of Racial Discrimination and Oppression
The Effects and Costs of Discrimination and Oppression
Stereotyping and Multiculturalism: A Perspective
Background of Racial Groups
African Americans
Latinos
Native Americans
Asian Americans
Strategies for Advancing Social and Economic Justice
Mass Media Appeals
Greater Interaction among the Races
Civil Rights Laws
Activism
School Busing
Affirmative Action Programs
Confrontation of Racist and Ethnic Remarks and Actions
Minority-Owned Businesses
Grassroots Approaches to Improving Deteriorating Neighborhoods
Ethnic-Sensitive Social Work Practice
Empowerment
Strengths Perspective
Culturally Competent Practice
The Future of American Race and Ethnic Relations
Summary
Sexism and Efforts for Achieving Equality
History of Sex Roles and Sexism
Sexual Harassment
Traditional Sex-Role Expectations
Is There a Biological Basis for Sexism?
Sex-Role Socialization
Consequences of Sexism
Effects on Occupation and Income
Effects on Human Interactions
Maternal Wall
Recent Developments and a Look to the Future
President Obama's Proposals to Advance the Status of Women
Sexism and Social Work
Social Work's Response to Women's Issues
The Feminist Perspective on Therapy
Future Directions of the Women's Movement
Summary
Aging and Gerontological Services
An Overview
A ""Recently Discovered"" Minority Group
A New View of Aging
Definitions of Later Adulthood
An Increasing Older Adult Population
The ""Old Old"" - The Fastest-Growing Age Group
Problems Faced by Older Adults
Low Status
Early Retirement
Societal Emphasis on Youth
Health Problems and Costs of Health Care
Financial Problems
Loss of Family and Friends
Substandard Housing
Transportation
Crime Victimization
Sexuality in Later Adulthood
Malnutrition
Depression and Other Emotional Problems
Death
Parent Abuse
Current Services
Older Americans Act of 1965
Nursing Homes
Social Work and Older Adults
The Emergence of Older Adults as a Powerful Political Force
Development of Social Roles for Older Adults
Preparation for Later Adulthood
Summary
Health Problems and Medical Social Services
Physical Illnesses and the Health Care System
Problems in Health Care
Service Orientation versus Profit Orientation
Emphasis on Treatment Rather Than on Prevention
Unequal Access to Health Services
Low-Quality Health Care for Older Adults
AIDS
Controversy over the Use of Life-Sustaining Equipment
The High Cost of Medical Care
Financing Medical Care
Medicaid
State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)
Medicare
Private Insurance
Improving the Current System
Holding Down Costs
Preventive Medicine and Managed Care
Additional Health Care Proposals
Establishing a National Health Insurance Program in the United States
President Obama's Proposals to Improve Health Care
Medical Social Work
Counseling the Terminally Ill
Summary
Physical and Mental Disabilities and Rehabilitation
History of Rehabilitation Practices
Developmental Disabilities
Autism
Cognitive Disability
Society's Reactions to Disabilities
Current Services
Rehabilitation Centers
Educational Programs
Residential Programs
Day-Care Centers
Hospital Services
Home Services
Federal and State Assistance Programs
Roles of Social Workers
Counseling Clients
Counseling Families
Taking Social Histories
Serving as Case Manager
Serving as Liaison between the Family and the Agency
Being a Broker
Doing Discharge Planning
Empowering Consumers of Services
Summary
Overpopulation, Misuse of the Environment, and Family Planning
The Population Crisis
Doubling Time and Population Growth
Doubling Time and Developing Countries
An Optimal Population Size
Problems of Overpopulation
The Theory of Demographic Transition
Problem Attitudes and Values
Two Countries with Severe Population Problems
Environmental Problems
Despoilment of the Land
Waste Disposal
Global Warming
Air Pollution
Radioactive Leaks from Nuclear Power Plants
Nuclear War
Water Pollution
Acid Rain
General Pollutants
What Needs to Be Done
Confronting Overpopulation
The Abortion Controversy
Providing Family Planning Services
Confronting Environmental Problems
Social Work and Family Planning
Summary
Epilogue
Appendix
Glossary
Name Index
Subject Index

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