Elements of Reasoning

ISBN-10: 0495809187
ISBN-13: 9780495809180
Edition: 6th 2012
List price: $116.95 Buy it from $25.60
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Book details

List price: $116.95
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 1/1/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 256
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 0.25" tall
Weight: 0.946
Language: English

Andrew Black has been teaching in the Philosophy Department since fall 1999. Before coming to UMSL, he taught for eight years at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, and for one year at Dartmouth College. He holds the Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Dr. Black specializes in the history of philosophy, particularly the philosophy of the seventeenth century. He has published articles on Descartes, Malebranche, and Leibniz. Other areas of Dr. Black's expertise include analytic philosophy, logic, and the philosophy of science.

Preface
Briefing
Basic Assumptions
Organization
Using This Book
Recognizing Arguments
What Is an Argument?
Three General Considerations
Recognizing Arguments
Multiple Conclusions and Complex Arguments
Exercises
Analyzing Arguments
Showing the Structure of Arguments
Strategies of Analysis
Two Special Problems
Analyzing a Complex Argument: An Example
Exercises
Evaluating Arguments
Deductive Arguments
Exercises
Nondeductive Arguments
Complex Arguments
Exercises
Overall Argument Evaluation
Exercises
Some Valid Argument Forms
Sentential Form
Exercises
Valid Argument Forms
Two Invalid Argument Forms
Exercises
Using the Forms to Show Validity
Exercises
Conditionals
Equivalent Forms
Exercises
Using Inference and Equivalence Rules
Deductive Proof Strategies
Exercises
More Valid Argument Forms: Categorical Reasoning and Venn Diagrams
Categorical Statements
Exercises
Categorical Syllogisms
Exercises
Causal Analysis
Basic Causal Relationships
Contributing Factors as "Causes." Causal Explanations
Testing Causal Claims
Experimental Trials
Exercises
Argument by Analogy and Models
Analogical Arguments
Models
Evaluating Analogical Reasoning
Exercises
Errors in Reasoning: Fallacies
Fallacies in Supporting a Claim
Fallacies of Criticism and Response
Exercises
Definition.
Definition of "Definition." Two Types of Definition
Methods of Definition
Standards of Definition
Working Out a Definition
Exercises
Vagueness and Ambiguity
Vagueness
Ambiguity
Exercises
Reasonable Beliefs
Granted Claims and Acceptable Beliefs
New Claims, Background Beliefs, and Rationality
Exercises
Rules for Writing
Structure
Style
Exercises: Some Answers, Hints, and Comments
Index

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