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Science and Engineering of Materials

ISBN-10: 0495296023
ISBN-13: 9780495296027
Edition: 6th 2011
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Description: This text provides an understanding of the relationship between structure, processing, and properties of materials. By selecting the appropriate topics from this wealth of material, instructors can emphasize materials, provide a general overview,  More...

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Book details

Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 944
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 4.246
Language: English

This text provides an understanding of the relationship between structure, processing, and properties of materials. By selecting the appropriate topics from this wealth of material, instructors can emphasize materials, provide a general overview, concentrate on mechanical behavior, or focus on physical properties. Since the book has more material than is needed for a one-semester course, students will also have a useful reference for subsequent courses in manufacturing, materials, design, or materials selection.

Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering
What is Materials Science and Engineering?
Classification of Materials
Functional Classification of Materials
Classification of Materials Based on Structure
Environmental and Other Effects
Materials Design and Selection
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Atomic Structure
The Structure of Materials: Technological Relevance
The Structure of the Atom
The Electronic Structure of the Atom
The Periodic Table
Atomic Bonding
Binding Energy and Interatomic Spacing
The Many Forms of Carbon
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Atomic and Ionic Arrangements
Short-Range Order versus Long-Range Order
Amorphous Materials
Lattice, Basis, Unit Cells, and Crystal Structures
Allotropic or Polymorphic Transformations
Points, Directions, and Planes in the Unit Cell
Interstitial Sites
Crystal Structures of Ionic Materials
Covalent Structures
Diffraction Techniques for Crystal Structure Analysis
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Imperfections in the Atomic and Ionic Arrangements
Point Defects
Other Point Defects
Dislocations
Significance of Dislocations
Schmidt's Law
Influence of Crystal Structure
Surface Defects
Importance of Defects
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Atom And Ion Movements in Materials
Applications of Diffusion
Stability of Atoms and Ions
Mechanisms for Diffusion
Activation Energy for Diffusion
Rate of Diffusion (Fick's First Law)
Factors Affecting Diffusion
Permeability of Polymers
Composition Profile (Fick's Second Law)
Diffusion and Materials Processing
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Mechanical Properties: Part One: Technological Significance
Terminology for Mechanical Properties
The Tensile Test: Use of the Stress-Strain Diagram
Properties Obtained from the Tensile Test
True Stress and True Strain
The Bend Test for Brittle Materials
Hardness of Materials
Nanoindentation
Strain Rate Effects and Impact Behavior
Properties Obtained from the Impact Test
Bulk Metallic Glasses and Their Mechanical Behavior
Mechanical Behavior at Small Length Scales
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Mechanical Properties: Part Two: Fracture Mechanics
The Importance of Fracture Mechanics
Microstructural Features of Fracture in Metallic Materials
Microstructural Features of Fracture in Ceramics, Glasses, and Composites
Weibull Statistics for Failure Strength Analysis
Fatigue
Results of the Fatigue Test
Application of Fatigue Testing
Creep, Stress Rupture, and Stress Corrosion
Evaluation of Creep Behavior
Use of Creep Data
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Strain Hardening and Annealing
Relationship of Cold Working to the Stress-Strain Curve
Strain-Hardening Mechanisms
Properties versus Percent Cold Work
Microstructure, Texture Strengthening, and Residual Stresses
Characteristics of Cold Working
The Three Stages of Annealing
Control of Annealing
Annealing and Materials Processing
Hot Working
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Principles of Solidification
Technological Significance
Nucleation
Applications of Controlled Nucleation
Growth Mechanisms
Solidification Time and Dendrite Size
Cooling Curves
Cast Structure
Solidification Defects
Casting Processes for Manufacturing Components
Continuous Casting and Ingot Casting
Directional Solidification [DS], Single Crystal Growth, and Epitaxial Growth
Solidification of Polymers and Inorganic Glasses
Joining of Metallic Materials
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Solid Solutions and Phase Equilibrium
Phases and the Phase Diagram
Solubility and Solid Solutions
Conditions for Unlimited Solid Solubility
Solid-Solution Strengthening
Isomorphous Phase Diagrams
Relationship Between Properties and the Phase Diagram
Solidification of a Solid-Solution Alloy
Nonequilibrium Solidification and Segregation
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Dispersion Strengthening and Eutectic Phase Diagrams
Principles and Examples Of Dispersion Strengthening
Intermetallic Compounds
Phase Diagrams Containing Three-Phase Reactions
The Eutectic Phase Diagram
Strength of Eutectic Alloys
Eutectics and Materials Processing
Nonequilibrium Freezing in the Eutectic System
Nanowires and the Eutectic Phase Diagram
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Dispersion Strengthening by Phase Transformations and Heat Treatment
Nucleation and Growth in Solid-State Reactions
Alloys Strengthened by Exceeding the Solubility Limit
Age or Precipitation Hardening
Applications of Age-Hardened Alloys
Microstructural Evolution in Age or Precipitation Hardening
Effects of Aging Temperature and Time
Requirements for Age Hardening
Use of Age-Hardenable Alloys at High Temperatures
The Eutectoid Reaction
Controlling the Eutectoid Reaction
The Martensitic Reaction and Tempering
The Shape-Memory Alloys (SMAs)
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Heat Treatment of Steels and Cast Irons
Designations and Classification of Steels
Simple Heat Treatments
Isothermal Heat Treatments
Quench and Temper Heat Treatments
Effect of Alloying Elements
Application of Hardenability
Specialty Steels
Surface Treatments
Weldability of Steel
Stainless Steels
Cast Irons
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Nonferrous Alloys
Aluminum Alloys
Magnesium and Beryllium Alloys
Copper Alloys
Nickel and Cobalt Alloys
Titanium Alloys
Refractory and Precious Metals
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Ceramic Materials
Applications of Ceramics
Properties of Ceramics
Synthesis and Processing of Ceramic Powders
Characteristics of Sintered Ceramics
Inorganic Glasses
Glass-Ceramics
Processing and Applications of Clay Products
Refractories
Other Ceramic Materials
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Polymers
Classification of Polymers
Addition and Condensation Polymerization
Degree of Polymerization
Typical Thermoplastics
Structure-Property Relationships in Thermoplastics
Effect of Temperature on Thermoplastics
Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastics
Elastomers (Rubbers)
Thermosetting Polymers
Adhesives
Polymer Processing and Recycling
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Composites: Teamwork and Synergy in Materials
Dispersion-Strengthened Composites
Particulate Composites
Fiber-Reinforced Composites
Characteristics of Fiber-Reinforced Composites
Manufacturing Fibers and Composites
Fiber-Reinforced Systems and Applications
Laminar Composite Materials
Examples and Applications of Laminar Composites
Sandwich Structures
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Construction Materials
The Structure of Wood
Moisture Content and Density of Wood
Mechanical Properties of Wood
Expansion and Contraction of Wood
Plywood
Concrete Materials
Properties of Concrete
Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete
Asphalt
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Electronic Materials
Ohm's Law and Electrical Conductivity
Band Structures of Solids
Conductivity of Metals and Alloys
Semiconductors
Applications of Semiconductors
General Overview of Integrated Circuit Processing
Deposition of Thin Films
Conductivity in Other Materials
Insulators and Dielectric Properties
Polarization in Dielectrics
Electrostriction, Piezoelectricity, and Ferroelectricity
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Magnetic Materials
Classification of Magnetic Materials
Magnetic Dipoles and Magnetic Moments
Magnetization, Permeability, and the Magnetic Field
Diamagnetic, Paramagnetic, Ferromagnetic, Ferrimagnetic, and Superparamagnetic Materials
Domain Structure and the Hysteresis Loop
The Curie Temperature
Applications of Magnetic Materials
Metallic and Ceramic Magnetic Materials
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Photonic Materials
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
Refraction, Reflection, Absorption, and Transmission
Selective Absorption, Transmission, or Reflection
Examples and Use of Emission Phenomena
Fiber-Optic Communication System
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Thermal Properties of Materials
Heat Capacity and Specific Heat
Thermal Expansion
Thermal Conductivity
Thermal Shock
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Corrosion and Wear
Chemical Corrosion
Electrochemical Corrosion
The Electrode Potential in Electrochemical Cells
The Corrosion Current and Polarization
Types of Electrochemical Corrosion
Protection Against Electrochemical Corrosion
Microbial Degradation and Biodegradable Polymers
Oxidation and Other Gas Reactions
Wear and Erosion
Summary
Glossary
Problems
Selected Physical Properties of Metals
The Atomic and Ionic Radii of Selected Elements
Answers to Selected Problems
Index

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