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Power and Society An Introduction to the Social Sciences

ISBN-10: 0495096717
ISBN-13: 9780495096719
Edition: 11th 2008 (Revised)
List price: $252.95
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Description: POWER AND SOCIETY introduces of each of the social sciences and demonstrates how the various disciplines differ in their focus and methods, while maintaining the central integrative theme of power. The interdisciplinary viewpoint illustrates the  More...

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Book details

List price: $252.95
Edition: 11th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 2/22/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 416
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

POWER AND SOCIETY introduces of each of the social sciences and demonstrates how the various disciplines differ in their focus and methods, while maintaining the central integrative theme of power. The interdisciplinary viewpoint illustrates the nature and uses of power in society. POWER AND SOCIETY will stimulate your interest in the social sciences as it explores some of the central challenges facing American society; for example, ideological conflict, racism and sexism, poverty and powerlessness, crime and violence, community problems, and international relations.

Thomas R. Dye is Emeritus Professor of Political Science at Florida State University. He received his B.S. and M.A. from Pennsylvania State University and his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of numerous books and articles on American government and public policy. Dye has served as president of the Southern Political Science Association, president of the Policy Studies Organization, and secretary of the American Political Science Association. He is the recipient of the Harold Laswell Award for career contributions to the study of public policy and the Donald C. Stone Award for career contributions to the study of federalism. He received the Outstanding Alumni Award in 2001 from Penn State's College of Liberal Arts. Dye has taught at the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Wisconsin, and the University of Georgia. He served as visiting scholar at Bar-Elan University, Israel, and the Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C.

Preface
The Nature and Study of Power
Power, Society, and Social Science
The Nature of Power
Power and the Social Sciences
Masters of Social Thought: Bertrand Russell: Power Is to the Social Sciences
Social Sciences and Social Problems
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Power and Society
Social Sciences and the Scientific Method
Science and the Scientific Method
Focus: The Vocabulary of Social Science
What Is a "Fact"?
The Classic Scientific Research Design
Controversies in Social Science: Can Social Science Be Scientific?
Gathering Data: Survey Research
Focus: Abortion: A Hot-Button Issue
Focus: Changing College Student Opinions
Case Study: An Experiment in Preventing Underage Drinking
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring the Social Sciences
Power and Ideology
The Power of Ideas
Classical Liberalism: The Least Government Is the Best Government
Modern Liberalism: Government Power to "Do Good"
Focus: Selected Direct Quotations from Ideologies
Modern Conservatism: Individualism and Traditional Values
Focus: How to Tell if You're Liberal or Conservative
Masters of Social Thought: Neoconservative Irving Kristol
Fascism: The Supremacy of Race and Nation
Socialism: Government Ownership, Central Planning
Case Study: The Rise and Fall of Communism In Russia
Why Communism Collapsed
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Ideologies
Power and the Social Sciences
Power and Culture
The Origins of Power
Culture: Ways of Life
Masters of Social Thought: Ruth Benedict and Patterns of Culture
The Components of Culture
The Nature of Culture
Masters of Social Thought: Clifford Geertz's Anti Anti-Relativism
Controversies in Social Sciences: The World's Missing Girls
Authority in the Family
Focus: Social Science Looks at Sex in America
International Perspective: Women in the Workforce
Power and Gender
Focus: Marriage American Style
International Perspective: Liberia's Iron Lady: President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
Power and Political Systems
Focus: Power and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Power and Society: Some Anthropological Observations
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Anthropology
Power and Social Class
Power Relations and Social Stratification
Stratification in American Society
Sociology and the Study of Social Classes
Inequality in America
International Perspective: Beliefs about Equality and Opportunity
Social Mobility: The Ups and Downs
Class as a Determinant of Lifestyle
Masters of Social Thought: C. Wright Mills and the Power Elite
International Perspective: Global Inequalities
Social Classes: Conflict And Conciliation
Masters of Social Thought: Karl Marx and the Class Struggle
Social Class and Political Power
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Sociology
Power and Personality
Personality and Individual Responses to Power
Our Genetic Code
Focus: DNA as a Genealogical Tool
Focus: DNA: Blueprint to Life
Nurture and Human Development
Approaches to Psychology And Personality
Focus: Inside the Brain
Focus: Evolutionary Psychology: The Mating Game
Masters of Social Thought: Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory
Behaviorism and Learning Theory
Masters of Social Thought: B. F. Skinner and the Control of Human Behavior
International Perspective: The Self in Individualist and Collectivist Cultures
Power and the Study of Psychology
Treating Mental Illness
Case Study: Diagnosing Mental Illness
Focus: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Not Just a Soldier's Disease
Powerlessness and Mental Health
Case Study: Dying for Power
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Psychology
Power and the Economic Order
Power and Economic Organization
The Market System, Hard Boiled and Impersonal
Supply, Demand, and the Market Price
Measuring America's Wealth
Focus: Interest Rates and You
Masters of Social Thought: Adam Smith and Laissez-Faire Economics
International Perspective: GNP and Standards of Living
Government in a Free Market Economy
Case Study: Achieving Economic Stability
Masters of Social Thought: John M. Keynes and the Mixed Economy
Supply-Side Economics
Case Study: The Recent Performance of the American Economy
Government Money: Where It Comes From and Where It Goes
Government Debt, Deficits, and Surpluses
International Perspective: A Look at Government Debt
The Concentration of Economic Power
Focus: The Concentration of Corporate Power
The Globalization of Economic Power
International Perspective: The Multinationals' Global Economic Power
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Economics
Power and Government
Politics, Political Science, and Government Power
The Meaning of Democracy
Masters of Social Thought: John Locke and Constitutionalism
Power and the American Constitution
Controversies in Social Science: Direct versus Representative Democracy
Federalism and the Growth of Government Power
Federalism Today
Power and the Branches of the Federal Government
Focus: Rating the Presidents
Focus: Explaining Presidential Approval Ratings
Case Study: A Return to the Imperial Presidency
Focus: Bush v. Gore in the U.S. Supreme Court
The Power of Congress
The Power of the Courts
Power and Political Behavior in the United States
Political Parties in the United States
Differences between Democrats and Republicans
Focus: Media Power: The Presidential Debates
Power and American Government
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Government and Politics
Power and History
History and Social Science
History and the American Experience
Controversies in Social Science: Charles Beard and the Economic Interests of the Founders
The Rise of Western Elites
The Civil War and Elite Division
Power in the Post-Civil War Era
Power and the Industrial Revolution
Masters of Social Thought: Jane Addams and the Settlement House Movement
The New Deal and the Emergence of the "Liberal Establishment"
Case Study: Vietnam: A Political History
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring History
The Uses of Power
Power, Race, and Gender
Racism in American History
The Civil Rights Movement
Masters of Social Thought: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Power of Protest
Continuing Inequalities
Hispanic Power
Controversies in Social Science: Affirmative Action and the Constitution
Immigration to America
Native Americans: An Historical Overview
Power and Gender
Sex Inequality: Culture or Biology?
The Long History of Women's Protests
Focus: A Declaration of Women's Rights, 1848
Why Are There So Few Women in Power?
Sexual Discrimination: Sexual Harassment and the Law
Focus: Professor Anita Hill's Testimony in the Supreme Court Confirmation Hearing of Clarence Thomas
Abortion and the Law
Gay and Lesbian Rights
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Power, Race, and Gender
Poverty and Powerlessness
Poverty as Powerlessness
Poverty in the United States
Case Study: How Is Poverty Measured?
Is There a Culture of Poverty?
Focus: Who Are the Poor?
Focus: America's Shame: Our Poor Children
International Perspective: A Cure for Poverty? The Gates Foundation
Government and Social Welfare
International Perspective: Income of the Poor in Advanced Democracies
Case Study: Senior Power
Homelessness in America
Controversies in Social Science: Is Welfare Reform Working?
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Poverty and Powerlessness
Power, Violence, and Crime
Power and Individual Freedom
Violence in American History
Focus: September 11, 2001, by the Numbers: The Attacks on the World Trade Center
The Problem of Crime
Focus: It's a Real Crime!
The Constitutional Rights of Defendants
International Perspective: The Death Penalty
Crime and Drugs
An Economic Perspective on Crime
Focus: Getting High
Controversies in Social Science: Should Drugs Be Legalized?
A Psychological Perspective on Crime: The Antisocial Personality
Controversies in Social Science: Incarceration or Education?
Case Study: The Insanity Defense
Social and Cultural Perspectives on Crime
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Power, Crime, and Violence
Power and the Global Community
The Global Community
Globalization in Perspective
The Global Problem of Poverty
Masters of Social Thought: Immanuel Wallerstein
Focus: The Least-Developed Countries
The Global Problems of Hunger and Malnourishment
Focus: Afghanistan
Health and Health Care in the Global Community
Still a Global Problem: Slavery
Global Population Growth
The Structure of Urban Life in the Global Community
International Perspective: Worldwide Urbanization
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Power and the Global Community
Power Among Nations
International Politics
International Perspective: An American Dream?
Bringing Order to International Relations
Focus: Know Your Geography
A Brief History of the Cold War
The Control of Nuclear Arms
International Politics in a Post-September 11 World
Focus: Al Qaeda
Unanticipated Threats
Case Study: American Military Power: The Gulf War and the War in Iraq
Controversies in Social Science: When Should the United States Use Military Force?
About This Chapter
For Discussion
On the Web: Exploring Power among Nations
Notes
Index

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