Energy Its Use and the Environment

ISBN-10: 0495010855
ISBN-13: 9780495010852
Edition: 4th 2006 (Revised)
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Description: ENERGY: ITS USE AND THE ENVIRONMENT, Fourth Edition is an introductory textbook that emphasizes the physical principles behind energy and its effects on our environment. The text explains the basic physical principles behind the use of energy,  More...

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Book details

List price: $303.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Brooks/Cole
Publication date: 9/30/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 672
Size: 7.25" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

ENERGY: ITS USE AND THE ENVIRONMENT, Fourth Edition is an introductory textbook that emphasizes the physical principles behind energy and its effects on our environment. The text explains the basic physical principles behind the use of energy, including the study of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, and atomic and nuclear physics. It also covers crucial environmental questions that currently are receiving much public attention, such as global warming, radioactive waste, municipal solid waste and nuclear energy production materials. The new fourth edition continues to emphasize the impact energy issues have on the individual and society. By placing energy issues within the context of everyday examples and asking students to define and support critical arguments, ENERGY utilizes relevant applications to capture student interest. A new ongoing email service provides subscribing instructors the opportunity to seamlessly incorporate current events into their course lectures. The text can be used in physics, technology, physical science, and environmental science courses for non-science majors. Many of the standard topics found in introductory physics textbooks are included. As a result, this book can be used as the text in a conceptual physics course with energy as the central theme. No math or other science prerequisite is necessary.

Roger Hinrichs has been Professor of Physics and department chair at SUNY-Oswego, where he taught energy related courses for over 25 years. His training is in experimental nuclear physics, and his research involves studies of trace materials in environmental and biological samples using PIXE with Oswego's Van de Graaff particle accelerator. He has an interest in energy use in developing countries, and spent time in Kenya and India as well as a year as a Fulbright Scholar in the sultanate of Oman. He co-directs the Institute in Energy Education, a program for secondary school science and technology teachers. In its 20 years, this program has impacted over 500,000 students and has won numerous awards. Dr. Hinrichs also supports active inquiry-based learning in the classroom; some of the activities in this text come from, or are part of, his course "Physics for Elementary Education Majors." He has worked as a consultant at local, state, and national levels on matters of energy policy and energy technologies. Presently, he is a visiting professor at the Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar.

Merlin H. Kleinbach received his Bachelor's degree from Westmar College, IA; his Masters degree from Colorado State College, 1955; and a doctorate in education from the University of Missouri in 1959. He has taught high school science and industrial arts in Colorado, and college courses in woodworking technology, metals technology, and basic electronics as well as Professional Education graduate courses for seven years at Wayne State College in Nebraska. Given an opportunity to teach and travel overseas, he took a position at Haile Selassie I University in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for four years (1966-1970), assisting in developing a teacher education program to prepare technology teachers for the newly developed comprehensive school program there. The University employed faculty from several dozen different countries from around the world, providing real insights into other cultures, their concerns, and potential. During this period, he and his family traveled extensively to countries in Europe, Africa, and Asia.

Introduction
Energy: An Initial Definition
Energy Use and the Environment
Our Earth-Then and Now
Energy Use Patterns
Energy Resources
Energy Use in China
Exponential Growth and Resource Depletion
Oil: A Critical Resource
Energy Conservation
Economic and Environmental Considerations
The Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change
Future Scenarios
Energy Mechanics
Introduction
Forms of Energy and Energy Conversions
Motion
Energy and Work
Energy Losses in a Car
Examples of Work and Energy
Power
Energy Use in India
Summary
Special Topic: Newton's Laws of Motion
Conservation of Energy
Introduction
Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy Conversion Examples
Energy Conversion Efficiencies
Energy Use in Developing Countries
Sustainable Development
A Barrel, A Calorie, A Btu? Energy Equivalencies
Summary
Heat and Work
Introduction
Heat and Work and the First Law of Thermodynamics
Temperature and Heat
Heat Transfer Principles
Heat Engines
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Summary
Home Energy Conservation and Heat-Transfer Control
Introduction
Building Materials
House Insulation and Heating Calculations
Site Selection
Impact of Energy Conservation Measures
Cooling
Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps
Summary
Solar Energy: Characteristics and Heating
Introduction
Characteristics of Incident Solar Radiation
History of Solar Heating
Early Twentieth-Century Egyptian Solar Power Plant
Overview of Solar Heating Today
Solar Domestic Hot Water
Passive Solar Space Heating Systems
Active Solar Space Heating Systems
Thermal Energy Storage
Summary
Energy from Fossil Fuels
Introduction
Resource Terminology
Oil
Pipeline Politics in the Former Soviet
Union
Oil Spills
Oil from Alaska: Past, Present, and Future Dilemmas
Natural Gas
Coal: An Expanding Role
Future Sources of Oil
Summary
Special Topic: Physics of Oil and Gas Exploration
Air Pollution and Energy Use
Introduction
Eastern Europe and the Environment
Properties and Motion of the Atmosphere
Air Pollutants and Their Sources
Air Pollution and the Third World
Air Quality Standards
1990 Clean Air Act Amendments
Automobile Emission Control Devices
Mass Transit
Stationary Source Air Pollution Control Systems
Summary
Global Warming, Ozone Depletion, and Waste Heat
Introduction
Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect
Africa and Global Warming
Ozone Depletion
Thermal Pollution
Ecological Effects of Thermal Pollution
Cooling Towers and Ponds
Using Waste Heat
Summary
Electricity: Circuits and Superconductors
Introduction to "Electrification"
Restructuring of the Electric Utility Industry
Managing Energy Demand
Electrical Charges and Currents
Batteries and Electric Vehicles
Common Batteries
Ohm's Law
Superconductivity
Elementary Circuits
Electrical Power
Pricing Electrical Energy Use
Edison Mazda Lamps, Circa 1925
Fuel Cells
Hydrogen Economy
Summary
Special Topic: Electrostatics
Electromagnetism and the Generation of Electricity
Magnetism
The Generation of Electricity
Transmission of Electrical Energy
Standard Steam-Electric Generating Plant Cycle
Cogeneration
Summary
Electricity from Solar Energy
Introduction
Solar Cell Principles
PV Car: The Sunraycer
Cell Manufacture
Photovoltaic Systems and Economics
PV Cottages
Pumping Water
Wind Energy
Hydropower
Solar Thermal Electric Facilities
Small-Scale Hydroelectric Systems
Summary
The Building Blocks of Matter: The Atom and Its Nucleus
The Atomic Hypothesis
Building Blocks of the Atom
Energy Levels
Nuclear Structure
Radioactivity
Nuclear Glue, or Binding Energy
The Joy of Atom-Smashing, or Nuclear Reactions
Indoor Radon
Fission
Summary
Special Topic: The Periodic Table
Nuclear Power: Fission
Introduction
Chain Reactions
Assembling a Nuclear Reactor
Types of Light Water Reactors
The Nuclear Fuel Cycle
Japan and Plutonium
Radioactive Wastes
Monuments for the Future
Decommissioning
Radioactive Releases
Probabilistic Risk Assessment and Nuclear Safety
Alternate Reactor Designs
Nuclear Proliferation
Post Cold-War Proliferation
Environmental and Economic Summary of Nuclear Power
Summary
Effects and Uses of Radiation
Introduction
Radiation Dose
Biological Effects of Radiation
Background Radiation, Including Radon
Radiation Standards
Medical and Industrial Uses of Radiation
Food Irradiation
Radiation Protection
Summary
Special Topic: Radiation Detection Instruments
Future Energy Alternatives: Fusion
Potential for Fusion Power
Energy from the Stars: The Fusion Process
Conditions for Fusion
Magnetic Confinement Fusion Reactors
Laser-Induced Fusion
Cold Fusion
Summary and Outlook for Fusion
Biomass: From Plants to Garbage
Introduction
Biomass Conversion
Brazil's Ethanol Program
Food, Fuel, Famine
Municipal Solid Waste
Wood Combustion
Summary
Tapping the Earth's Heat: Geothermal Energy
Introduction
Origin and Nature of Geothermal Energy
Hydrothermal Systems
Geothermal Exploration and Resources
Low-Temperature Geothermal Resources
Environmental Impacts
Summary
A National and Personal Commitment
Units of Measurement and Powers of Ten Notation
Conversions and Equivalencies
Home Heating Analysis
Insolation and Temperature Data for Selected U.S. Cities
World Energy Consumption, 2003
U.S. Consumption of Energy by Source, 1949-2003
U.S. Energy Intensity, 1970-2003
Glossary
Index

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