Child/Family/School/Community Socialization and Support

ISBN-10: 0495007587
ISBN-13: 9780495007586
Edition: 7th 2007
Authors: Roberta M. Berns
List price: $145.95
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Description: Revealing and filled with professional insight, Robert M. Berns' best-selling book helps students understand the socialization process of children via the powerful conceptual framework of Urie Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Model of Human Development.  More...

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Book details

List price: $145.95
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 3/6/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 640
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.838
Language: English

Revealing and filled with professional insight, Robert M. Berns' best-selling book helps students understand the socialization process of children via the powerful conceptual framework of Urie Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Model of Human Development. Berns closely examines the interactive effects of family, childcare, school, peer groups, media, community, and societal factors (including culture, political ideology, economics, and technology) on the socialization of the child to vividly illustrate the concepts of the course and help students learn how the various aspects of a child's environment affect his or her development. Truly ideal for undergraduate students and anyone who works with children, this text underscores the immeasurable value in preparing the child with the ability to adapt to a changing world.

Roberta Berns is a Professor Emerita at the University of California, Irvine, as well as Saddleback College, where she founded and chaired the Human Development Department. Berns also was a student of renowned developmental psychologist Urie Bronfenbrenner at Cornell University. She lives in California with her husband, a professor of bioengineering. They have two children (one, an English professor and the other, a professor of neuroscience) and two grandchildren.

Preface
Ecology of the Child
Prologue
Ecology, Change, and Children
Socialization and Child Development
Socialization as a Unique Human Process
Socialization as a Reciprocal Dynamic Process
Intentional and Unintentional Socialization
Socialization, Change, and Challenge
Change and the Concept of Childhood
Socialization and Adaptation
Theories Relating to Socialization
Examining Socialization in an Ecological Context
Microsystems
Mesosystems
Exosystems
Macrosystems
Interaction of Ecological Systems Over Time: The Chronosystem
Impact of Significant Historical Events
Impact of Ongoing Events
Contemporary Ecology
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Ecology of Socialization
Prologue
Socialization Processes
Aims of Socialization
Develop a Self-Concept
Enable Self-Regulation
Empower Achievement
Teach Appropriate Social Roles
Implement Developmental Skills
Agents of Socialization
Family
School and Child Care
Peers
Mass Media
Community
Methods of Socialization
Affective Methods (Effect Emerges from Feeling)
Operant Methods (Effect Emerges from Acting)
Observational Methods (Effect Emerges from Imitating)
Cognitive Methods (Effect Emerges from Information Processing)
Sociocultural Methods (Effect Emerges from Conforming)
Apprenticeship Methods (Effect Emerges from Guided Participation)
Outcomes of Socialization
Values
Attitudes
Motives and Attributions
Self-Esteem
Self-Regulation/Behavior
Morals
Gender Roles
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Ecology of the Family
Prologue
Family Systems
Basic Family Structures
Basic Family Functions
Family Transitions
Structural Family Changes
Functional Family Changes
Macrosystem Influences on Families, Socialization, and Children
Socioeconomic Status
Ethnic Orientation
Religious Orientation
Chronosystem Influences on Families, Socialization, and Children
Sociopolitical Changes
Economic Changes
Technological Changes
Meeting the Challenge of Change: Family Empowerment
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Ecology of Parenting
Prologue
Parenting
Macrosystem Influences on Parenting
Political Ideology
Culture
Socioeconomic Status
Ethnicity/Religion
Chronosystem Influences on Parenting
Historical Trends
Family Dynamics
Parenting Styles
Microsystem Influences: Between Parent and Child
Mesosystem Influences: Between Parent and Others
Appropriate Parenting Practices
Developmental Appropriateness
Guidance and Discipline
Inappropriate Parenting Practices
Child Maltreatment: Abuse and Neglect
Correlates and Consequences of Child Maltreatment
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Ecology of Child Care
Prologue
Child Care
Components of Optimal Quality Care
Macrosystem Influences on Child Care
Chronosystem Influences on Child Care: Correlates and Consequences
Child Care and Psychological Development
Child Care and Social Development
Child Care and Cognitive Development
Mesosystem Influences on Child Care
School and Community Involvement in Child Care
Government and Business Involvement in Child Care
Child Care and Socialization
Socialization Effects of Different Preschool Programs
Socialization Effects of Child-Care Ideologies
Developmentally Appropriate Caregiving
Collaborative Caregiving
Caregivers and Child Protection
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Ecology of the School
Prologue
The School's Function as a Socializing Agent
Macrosystem Influences on Schools
Educational Decisions
School Choice
Diversity and Equity
Chronosystem Influences on Schools
Adaptations to Societal Change
Technology
Violence
Substance Use/Abuse
Mesosystem Influences on Schools
School-Child Linkages
School-Family Linkages
School-Peer Group Linkages
School-Media Linkages
School-Community Linkages
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Ecology of Teaching
Prologue
The Teacher's Role as a Socializing Agent
Teacher Characteristics and Student Learning
Teachers as Leaders
Teachers as Managers
Teachers' Expectations
Student Characteristics and Teacher Interaction
Gender
Ethnicity
Socioeconomic Status
Learning Styles
Disability
Risk and Resilience
Macrosystem Influences on Teaching
Philosophies of Teaching and Learning
Socialization Outcomes of Different Classroom Contexts
Accountability and Standardization
Mesosystem Influences on Teaching
Family Involvement in Learning
Developmentally Appropriate Learning and Assessment
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Ecology of the Peer Group
Prologue
The Peer Group as a Socializing Agent
The Significance of Peers to Development
Psychological Development: Emotions
Social Development: Social Competence
Cognitive Development: Social Cognition
Peer Group Socializing Mechanisms
Macrosystem Influences on the Peer Group: Developmental Tasks
Getting Along With Others
Developing Morals and Values
Learning Appropriate Sociocultural Roles
Achieving Personal Independence and Identity
Chronosystem Influences on the Peer Group: Play/Activities
The Significance and Development of Play
Infant/Toddler Peer Activities
Early Childhood Peer Activities
Middle Childhood/Preadolescent Peer Activities
Adolescent Peer Activities
Peer Group Interaction
Development of Friendship
Acceptance/Neglect/Rejection by Peers
Peer Sociotherapy
Peer Group Dynamics and Social Hierarchies
Inclusion and Exclusion
Bullies/Victims
Gangs
Peer Collaboration, Tutoring, and Counseling
Mesosystem Influences on the Peer Group
Adult-Mediated Group Interaction
Adult Leadership Styles
Team Sports
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Ecology of the Mass Media
Prologue
Understanding Mass Media
Chronosystem Influences on Mass Media
Macrosystem Influences on Mass Media
Screen Media: Television and Movies (Videos, DVDs)
Concerns About Television and Movies
Mediating Influences on Socialization Outcomes
Mesosystem Influences
Community-Media Linkages
School-Media Linkages
Peer-Media Linkages
Family-Media Linkages
Print Media: Books and Magazines
How Books and Magazines Socialize Children
Concerns About Books and Magazines
Books, Socialization, and Developmental Levels of Children
Audio Media: Popular Music
Interactive and Multimedia
Computers and the Internet
Computerized Video/CD Games
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Ecology of the Community
Prologue
Community: Structure and Functions
The Community's Influence on Socialization
Physical Factors
Economic Factors
Social and Personal Factors
The Community as a Learning Environment
The Community as a Support System
Chronosystem and Macrosystem Influences on Community Services
Preventive, Supportive, and Rehabilitative Services
Creating Caring Communities
Economic Assistance
Health Care
Support for Families
Special Child-Care Services
Mesosystem Influences: Linking Community Services to Families and Schools
Involvement and Advocacy
Types of Advocacy Groups
Advocating for Child Protection
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Emotional and Cognitive Socialization Outcomes
Prologue
Values
Values Clarification
Attitudes
Development of Attitudes
Influences on Attitude Development
Changing Attitudes About Diversity
Motives and Attributions
Achievement Motivation
Locus of Control
Learned Helplessness
Self-Efficacy
Self-Esteem
Development of Self-Esteem
Influences on the Development of Self-Esteem
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Social and Behavioral Socialization Outcomes
Prologue
Self-Regulation/Behavior
Antisocial Behavior: Aggression
Prosocial Behavior: Altruism
Morals
Moral Development
Influences on Moral Development
Gender Roles
Development of Gender Roles
Influences on Gender Role Development
Epilogue
Summary
Activity
Related Readings
Core Concepts of Development and Socialization
Glossary
References
Index

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