Ethics Theory and Contemporary Issues

ISBN-10: 0495007161
ISBN-13: 9780495007166
Edition: 5th 2007
Authors: MacKinnon
List price: $128.95
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Description: Through a combination of the illuminating overviews composed by the editor and readings drawn from important traditional and contemporary sources, MacKinnon's acclaimed ETHICS provides students with a superbly balanced introduction to both ethical  More...

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Book details

List price: $128.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 2/22/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 516
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.694
Language: English

Through a combination of the illuminating overviews composed by the editor and readings drawn from important traditional and contemporary sources, MacKinnon's acclaimed ETHICS provides students with a superbly balanced introduction to both ethical theory and the moral debates surrounding a variety of contemporary issues. Designed to offer instructors maximum flexibility and revised with the intention of providing reader friendly, but not superficial, access to many complex concepts, ETHICS is a comprehensive and clear-sighted introduction to both the general and specific arenas in which ethical deliberation is obliged to dwell.

Preface
History of Ethics Time Line
Ethical Theory
Ethics and Ethical Reasoning
Why Study Ethics?
What Is Ethics?
Ethics and Religion
Ethical and Other Types of Evaluation
Ethical Terms
Ethics and Reasons
Ethical Reasoning and Arguments
The Structure of Ethical Reasoning and Argument
Evaluating and Making Good Arguments
Ethical Theory
Types of Ethical Theory
Can Ethics Be Taught?
Reading
Euthyphro
Review Exercises
Selected Bibliography
Ethical Relativism
What Is Ethical Relativism?
Two Forms of Ethical Relativism
Reasons Supporting Ethical Relativism
The Diversity of Moral Views
Moral Uncertainty
Situational Differences
Are These Reasons Convincing?
The Diversity of Moral Views
Moral Uncertainty
Situational Differences
Further Considerations
Moral Realism
Moral Pluralism
Reading
Trying Out One's New Sword
Review Exercises
Selected Bibliography
Egoism
Psychological Egoism
What Is Psychological Egoism?
Is Psychological Egoism True?
Ethical Egoism
What Is Ethical Egoism?
Is Ethical Egoism a Good Theory?
The Moral Point of View
Why Be Moral?
Readings
The Ring of Gyges
Self Love
Review Exercises
Selected Bibliography
Utilitarianism
Historical Hackground
Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill
The Principle of Utility
A Consequentialist Principle
The Intrinsic Good: Pleasure or Happiness
Calculating the Greatest Amount of Happiness
Quantity and Quality of Pleasure
Evaluating Utilitarianism
Application of the Principle
Utilitarianism and Personal Integrity
Ends and Means
Act and Rule Utilitarianism
"Proof" of The Theory
Contemporary Versions
Preference Utilitarianism
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Readings
An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789)
Utilitarianism
Review Exercises
Selected Bibliography
Kant's Moral Theory
Historical Background: Immanuel Kant
What Gives An Act Moral Worth?
What Is the Right Motive?
What Is the Right Thing to Do?
The Categorical Imperative
The First Form
The Second Form
Evaluating Kant's Moral Theory
The Nature of Moral Obligation
The Application of the Categorical Imperative
Duty
Moral Equality and Impartiality
Perfect and Imperfect Duties
Variations on Kantian Moral Theory
Reading
Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals
Review Exercises
Selected Bibliography
Natural Law and Natural Rights
Natural Law Theory
What Kind of Law Is Natural Law?
Historical Origins: Aristotle
Nature, Human Nature, and the Human Good
Evaluating Natural Law Theory
Natural Rights
Evaluating Natural Rights Theory
Readings
On Natural Law
Second Treatise of Civil Government
Review Exercises
Selected Bibliography
Virtue Ethics
Virtues and Everyday Life
What Is Virtue?
Masculine and Feminine Virtues
Evaluating Virtue Ethics
Readings
The Nicomachean Ethics
Virtues and Vices
Review Exercises
Selected Bibliography
Ethical Issues
Euthanasia
Brain Death, Coma, and Persistent Vegetative State
Meaning and Types of Euthanasia
Active and Passive Euthanasia
Physician-Assisted Suicide
Pain Medication that Causes Death
Ordinary and Extraordinary Measures
Voluntary and Nonvoluntary Euthanasia
Combining the Types of Euthanasia
Morality and the Law
Making Moral Judgments About Euthanasia
The Moral Significance of Voluntariness
Active Versus Passive Euthanasia
Ordinary Versus Extraordinary Measures
Infant Euthanasia
Readings
The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia
Active and Passive Euthanasia
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Abortion
Stages of Fetal Development
Methods of Abortion
Abortion and the Law
Abortion: The Moral Question
Arguments that Do Not Depend on the Moral Status of the Fetus
Utilitarian Reasoning
Some Rights Arguments
Arguments that Depend on the Moral Status of the Fetus
Method I
Method II
Readings
A Defense of Abortion
Why Abortion Is Immoral
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Sexual Morality
Conceptual Problems: What Is and Is Not Sexual
Relevant Factual Matters
Sexual Morality and Ethical Theories
Consequentialist or Utilitarian Considerations
Nonconsequentialist or Kantian Considerations
Naturalness Considerations
Homosexuality
Readings
Sexual Perversion
Prejudice and Homosexuality
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Pornography
Liberty-Limiting Principles
The Harm Principle
The Social Harm Principle
The Offense Principle
Legal Paternalism
Legal Moralism
Feminism and Pornography
Readings
On Liberty
Sex, Lies, and Respect
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Equality and Discrimination
Civil Rights Laws: A Brief History
Racism and Sexism
The Principle of Equality
Justice
Social Benefits and Harms
Proof
Real Differences
Relevant Differences
Challenges to the Principle
Affirmative Action and Preferential Treatment
Consequentialist Considerations
Nonconsequentialist Considerations
Readings
Affirmative Action and Fairness
Reverse Discrimination as Unjustified
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Economic Justice
Process or End State Distributive Justice
Equal Opportunity
Political and Economic Theories
Libertarianism
Capitalism
Socialism
Modern Liberalism
John Rawls's Theory of Justice
Communitarianism
Readings
Justice as Fairness
Distributive Justice
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Legal Punishment
The Nature of Legal Punishment
The Deterrence Argument
Problematic Aspects
The Retributivist Argument
Problematic Aspects
Punishment and Responsibility
The Death Penalty
On Deterrence Grounds
On Retributivist Grounds
Other Concerns
Readings
A World Without Punishment
The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Environmental Ethics
The Environment
Value
Anthropocentrism
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Human Environmental Impact
Ecocentrism
Deep Ecology
Ecofeminism
Sustainable Development
Readings
People or Penguins: The Case for Optimal Pollution
Deep Ecology
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Animal Rights
Sentience
Animal Rights
Animal Experimentation
Endangered Species
Readings
All Animals Are Equal
Speciesism and the Idea of Equality
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Stem-Cell Research, Cloning, and Genetic Engineering
Stem-Cell Research
Legal and Ethical Issues
Human Cloning
Therapeutic Cloning
Reproductive Cloning
Ethical Issues
Genetic Engineering
Ethical Issues
Genetically Modified Plants and Animals
Ethical Issues
Genetic Screening
The Value of Privacy
Screening and Conflicts of Interest
Readings
The Wisdom of Repugnance
Illegal Beings: Human Clones and the Law
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Violence, Terrorism, and War
Violence
Terrorism
Ethical Issues
Pacifism
Just War Theory
Jus ad Bellum
Jus in Bello
Weapons of Mass Destruction
War Crimes and Universal Human Rights
Readings
What Is a Terrorist?
The Triumph of Just War Theory (and the Dangers of Success)
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
Global Issues and Globalization
Rich and Poor Nations
Causes and Solutions
Ethical Considerations
Globalization
Values
Free Market Capitalism
Modernization
Readings
Famine, Affluence, and Morality
Globalization and Its Discontents
Review Exercises
Discussion Cases
Selected Bibliography
How to Write an Ethics Paper
The Content of the Paper
The Paper's Structure
Format
Grammar, Spelling, and Gender
Types of Ethics Papers
A Historical Approach
A Problem in Ethical Theory
A Contemporary Moral Issue
Is It an Ethics Paper?
Structuring or Analyzing an Ethical Argument
Reasons and Conclusions
Types and Sources of Evidence
Types of Reasons
Top-to-Bottom or Bottom-to-Top Reasoning?
Using Analogies
Sample Ethics Papers
Historical Approach
A Problem in Ethical Theory
A Contemporary Ethical Issue
Index

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