Applying Moral Theories

ISBN-10: 0495007056

ISBN-13: 9780495007050

Edition: 5th 2007 (Revised)

Authors: C. E. Harris

List price: $126.95 Buy it from $77.40
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Description:

APPLYING MORAL THEORIES is a unique introduction to the application of major ethical theories to practical concerns. Examining egoism, natural law, utilitarianism, respect for persons, and virtue ethics, the book offers insights into the advantages and difficulties associated with the application of each theory. Putting forth a critical method that encourages students to break down ethical deliberations into four classes of concerns?factual, conceptual, application, and moral?the book's driving claim is that "common morality," or the stock of moral ideas that most people in our culture share, cannot be captured in a single moral theory, but that each of these theories highlights an important aspect of common morality. Thus, it is often useful to look at the complex moral problem from the standpoint of several theories.
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Book details

List price: $126.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 3/7/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 200
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.29" long x 0.51" tall
Weight: 1.012
Language: English

Preface
What Is Ethics?
Three Types of Claims Made in Moral Arguments
Factual Issues
Conceptual Issues
Moral Issues
The Nature of Moral Statements
Normative versus Factual Statements
An Important Corollary
Characteristics of Ethical Statements
Concepts in Ethical Discourse
A Burn Victim's Desire to Die
Factual Issues
Conceptual Issues
Moral Issues
Moral and Factual Statements
Characteristics of Moral Statements
Concepts in Moral Philosophy
Concept Summary
Morality: Relative or Objective?
Classical Moral Relativism
The Diversity Thesis
The Relativity Thesis
The Toleration Thesis
Evaluating Classical Moral Relativism
Limited Moral Relativism
The Diversity of Morality
Limits to Moral Diversity
Evaluating Limited Moral Relativism
Concept Summary
The Divine Command Theory
Rationality versus Truth
Concept Summary
Moral Theories
Common Morality and Moral Theories
The Three Levels of a Moral Theory
First Level: Moral Judgments
Second Level: Moral Principles
Third Level: Moral Standard
Four Criteria for Evaluating a Moral Theory
Consistency and Coherence-Does the Theory Yield Consistent Judgments and Show Internal Coherence?
Justification-How Well Can the Moral Standard Be Justified?
Plausibility-Does the Moral Theory Produce Moral Judgments That Agree with Our Prior Moral Beliefs?
Usefulness-Is the Theory Useful in Resolving Moral Disagreements?
Concept Summary
Problems in Applying Moral Principles
Relevance Problems
Conflict Problems
Room for Disagreement
Concept Summary
The Ethics of Self-Interest
The Paradox of Egoism
The State of Nature
An Illustration
Escaping from the Paradox of Egoism
The Moral Standard
Checklist for Applying Act Egoism
Checklist for Applying Rule Egoism
Concept Summary
The Personal and Social Ethics of Egoism
Duties to Self
Duties to Others
Social Ethics
Concept Summary
Applying the Ethics of Egoism
Bryan's Dilemma
The Legalization of Homosexual Acts Between Consenting Adults
Should a Lawyer Reveal the Truth?
Evaluating Egoism as a Moral Theory
Coherence and Consistency
Justification of the Moral Standard
Plausibility of the Moral Judgments
Usefulness
Concept Summary
The Ethics of Natural Law
The Natural-Law Moral Standard
What Is Natural Law?
Human Nature and Natural Inclinations
Moral Absolutism and the Qualifying Principles
Moral Absolutism
Qualifying Principles
Checklist for Applying Natural-Law Ethics
Concept Summary
The Personal and Social Ethics of Natural Law
Duties to Self
Duties to Others
Social Ethics
Concept Summary
Applying the Ethics of Natural Law
AIDS and Condoms
The Morality of Obliteration Bombing
The Suppression of Galileo
Evaluating Natural Law as a Moral Theory
Consistency and Coherence
Justification
Plausibility
Usefulness
Concept Summary
The Ethics of Utilitarianism
The Utilitarian Moral Standard
The Definition of Utility
Distribution versus Quantity of Utility
The Place of Animals
Act Utilitarianism and Rule Utilitarianism
Further Considerations in Applying Rule Utilitarianism
Will Others Obey the Rules?
How Should the Rule Be Formulated?
Checklist for Applying Rule Utilitarianism
Checklist for Applying Act Utilitarianism
Concept Summary
Utilitarian Personal and Social Ethics
Duties to Self
Duties to Others
Social Ethics
Applying Utilitarian Theories
The Willowbrook School
The Morality of Whaling
Reverse Discrimination
Evaluating Utilitarianism as a Moral Theory
Consistency and Coherence
Justification
Plausibility
Usefulness
Concept Summary
The Ethics of Respect for Persons
The Universalization Principle as a Version of the Moral Standard
The Self-Defeating Test
Guidelines for Applying the Universalization Principle
The Means-End Principle as a Version of the Moral Standard
Preliminary Concepts
The Negative Test
The Positive Test
Checklist for Applying the Ethics of Respect for Persons
Concept Summary
The Personal and Social Ethics of the Ethics of Respect for Persons
Duties to Self
Duties to Others
Social Ethics
Concept Summary
Applying the Ethics of Respect for Persons
The Case of Baby Marissa
Deceptive Psychological Testing
Surrogate Mothers
Buying and Selling Blood
Evaluating the Ethics of Respect for Persons as a Moral Theory
Consistency and Coherence
Justification
Plausibility
Usefulness
Concept Summary
Virtue Ethics
What is Virtue Ethics?
What Is a Virtue?
Aristotle's Portrait of the Virtuous Person
The Magnanimous Man and the Golden Mean
Love and Friendship, Happiness, and Luck
Feminism and the Ethics of Care
Ethics in a Different Voice
An Ethics of Relationships
Virtue Pluralism
Checklist for Applying Virtue Ethics
Concept Summary
Virtues and Personal and Social Ethics
Duties to Self
Duties to Others
Social Ethics
Concept Summary
Applying Virtue Ethics
Abortion
Animal Rights
The Job vs. Conscience
The Patient Wants to Die
Perilous Pursuit
Evaluating Virtue Ethics
Coherence and Consistency
Justification of the Moral Standard
Plausibility of Moral Judgments
Usefulness in Resolving Ethical Conflicts
Concept Summary
Applying the Moral Theories
Cases for Analysis
Index
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