Contemporary Issues in Bioethics

ISBN-10: 0495006734

ISBN-13: 9780495006732

Edition: 7th 2008

List price: $284.95
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Description: This anthology offers students balanced coverage of the most pressing topics in bioethics, including partial-birth abortion, organ transplants, and global pandemics, to name a few. With a range of classic and current essays as well as actual medical and legal cases written by outstanding medical ethics scholars, CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN BIOETHICS helps readers understand each issue from a diverse range of standpoints?including those of medical researchers and practitioners, legal experts, and philosophers.

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Book details

List price: $284.95
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 9/25/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 816
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.014

Jeffrey Kahn is Robert Henry Levi and Ryda Hecht Levi Professor of Bioethics and Public Policy at Johns Hopkins' Berman Institute of Bioethics, and Professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the university's Bloomberg School of Public Health. He received his undergraduate degree from UCLA, and graduate degrees from Johns Hopkins (MPH) and Georgetown University, where he received his Ph.D. in philosophy in 1989. He has held faculty positions in the medical schools at the Medical College of Wisconsin and the University of Minnesota, where he was professor and director in the Center for Bioethics from 1996-2011; he was visiting professor at the University of Zurich in 2009. Dr Kahn has served as staff or a member of a number of national commissions related to bioethics, including chairing the IOM Committee on the Necessity of Chimpanzees in Biomedical and Behavioral Research in 2011. Dr. Kahn's research interest includes ethics of leading-edge research, ethics and genetics, and ethics and public health.

Anna Mastroianni is Professor of Law at the University of Washington's School of Law and Institute for Public Health Genetics. She has additional faculty appointments in the UW Department of Health Services, School of Public Health and in the Department of Bioethics & Humanities and the Department of Pediatrics in the School of Medicine. Professor Mastroianni received her B.A., B.S., and J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, and her M.P.H. from the University of Washington. She has worked in a number of legal and governmental policy positions in Washington D.C., including Associate Director of President Bill Clinton's Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments and Study Director of the Institute of Medicine at the National Academy of Sciences. Previously, she worked in the private practice of law in Washington, D.C.. She has served on a number of government and non-government advisory bodies, including the National Institutes of Health Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee. She has been nationally recognized for her contributions to health policy, law, and bioethics as a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Professor Mastroianni's research interests are in the intersections of law, bioethics, public health and medicine, with a special emphasis on the legal and ethical challenges of research with human subjects and assisted reproductive technologies.

LeRoy Walters is the Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. Professor of Christian Ethics at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University. He received his BA from a small Pennsylvania liberal-arts college, Messiah College, and a B.D. degree at the Associated Mennonite Seminaries. He then studied for two years in Germany, one year at the University of Heidelberg and one year at the Free University of Berlin. Walters returned to the United States and received his PhD in Christian ethics from Yale University. In 1971, Walters joined the newly-established Kennedy Institute of Ethics as the first faculty member appointed to a multi-year term. He served as director of the Institute from 1996-2000. His interests are in the ethical issues in human genetics, and since 2003 Dr. Walters has devoted major attention to Holocaust Studies and to the "euthanasia" program initiated in 1939 under National Socialism.

Introduction To Ethics
Ethical Theory and Bioethics
Fundamental Problems
The Study of Morality
Moral Dilemmas and Disagreements
The Problem of Relativism
Moral Justification
Types of Ethical Theory
Utilitarian Theories
Kantian Theories
Contemporary Challenges to Traditional Theories
Virtue Ethics
The Ethics of Care
Casuistry
Ethical Principles
Respect for Autonomy
Beneficence
Justice
Law and Policy
Ethics and Public Affairs
Morality and Law
Legal and Moral Rights
Law, Authority, And Autonomy
Justice and Autonomy in Health Care
Justice in Access to Health Care
Introdcution
Just Health Care and the Right to Health Care
"Is There a Right to Health Care and, if so, What Does it Encompass?"
"Justice, the Basic Social Contract, and Health Care."
"The Right to a Decent Minimum of Health Care."
"Rights to Health Care."
Managed Care and Access to Care
"Securing Health or Just Health Care?: The Effect of the Health Care System."
"Managed Care: How Economic Incentive Reforms Went Wrong."
"Managed Care: Rationing without Justice, But Not Unjustly." Rationing
"''Rationing'' Health Care: Not All Definitions are Created Equal."
"Rationing Fairly: Programmatic Considerations."
"Just Caring: Oregon, Health Care Rationing, and Informed Democratic Deliberation."
Autonomy Rights and Medical Information
Introduction
The Confidentiality of Medical Information
"Confidentiality in Medicine - A Decrepit Concept."
California Supreme Court, Tarasoff v. Regents of the University of California
"AIDS, Confidentiality, and the Right to Know." Truth Telling and Disclosing Bad News
"Telling the Truth to Patients: A Clinical Ethics Exploration."
"Disclosure of a Diagnosis to Children and Adolescents When Parents Object
Informed Consent
United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit, Cantebury v. Spence
"Physicians and Patients: A History of Silence."
"The Concept of Informed Consent."
"Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model."
Refusal of Treatment
California Court of Appeals, Second District, Bouvia v. Superior Court
United States Supreme Court, Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health
Advance Directives
"Advance Care Planning as a Process: Structuring the Discussions in Practice."
"Advance Directives: The Next Generation."
Life and Death
End-of-Life Decisionmaking
Introduction
The Right to Die
"A Right to Choose Death?"
"Is There a Right to Die?"
The Legal Background in the United States
The Oregon Death With Dignity Act
United States Supreme Court, Vacco v. Quil and Washington v. Glucksberg
The Supreme Court of California, Wendland v. Wendland
The Moral Foundations of Public Policy on Physician-Assisted Death
"Voluntary Euthanasia under Control?: Further Empirical Evidence from the Netherlands."
"Slippery Slopes in Flat Countries: A Response." Palliation and Other Alternatives to Physician-Assisted Death
"An Alternative to Physician-Assisted Suicide."
"Palliative Options of Last Resort."
Abortion and Maternal-Fetal Relations
Introduction
The Problem Justifying Abortion
"Why Abortion is Immoral."
"A Defense of Abortion."
"The Morality of Abortion."
"On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion."
Legal Issues
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