Criminology Theories, Patterns and Typologies

ISBN-10: 049500572X
ISBN-13: 9780495005728
Edition: 9th 2007
Authors: Larry J. Siegel
List price: $175.95
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Description: CRIMINOLOGY: THEORIES, PATTERNS AND TYPOLOGIES, Ninth Edition provides a comprehensive, in- depth analysis of all areas of criminological theory and crime typologies and effectively links criminological theory with the formulation of criminal  More...

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Book details

List price: $175.95
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 2/27/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 576
Size: 8.75" wide x 10.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.882
Language: English

CRIMINOLOGY: THEORIES, PATTERNS AND TYPOLOGIES, Ninth Edition provides a comprehensive, in- depth analysis of all areas of criminological theory and crime typologies and effectively links criminological theory with the formulation of criminal justice policy. Renowned for its unbiased presentation of theories, issues, and controversies and its exhaustive research base, this book presents cutting-edge, seminal research, as well as up- to-the-minute policy and newsworthy examples.

Preface
Concepts of Crime, Law, and Criminology
Crime and Criminology
What Is Criminology?
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Criminology and Deviance
Becoming Deviant
A Brief History of Criminology
Classical Criminology
Nineteenth-Century Positivism
The Foundations of Sociological Criminology
The Development of Sociological Criminology
The Development of Social Process Theories
The Roots of Conflict Criminology
Contemporary Criminology
What Criminologists Do: The Criminological Enterprise
Criminal Statistics
The Sociology of Law
Theory Construction
Criminal Behavior Systems
Penology
Victimology
Comparative Criminology: International Crime Trends
How Criminologists View Crime
The Consensus View of Crime
The Conflict View of Crime
The Interactionist View of Crime
Defining Crime
Crime and the Criminal Law
Common Law
Contemporary Criminal Law
The Evolution of Criminal Law
Ethical Issues in Criminology
The Criminological Enterprise: The Elements of Criminal Law
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
The Nature and Extent of Crime
Primary Sources of Crime Data
Official Record Research
Survey Research
The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)
Evaluating Primary Crime Data Sources
Secondary Sources of Crime Data
Cohort Research
Experimental Research
Observational and Interview Research
Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review
Data Mining
Crime Mapping
Crime Trends
Trends in Violent Crime
Trends in Property Crime
The Criminological Enterprise: Explaining Crime Trends
Trends in Victimization Data (NCVS Findings)
Trends in Self-Reporting
What the Future Holds
Crime Patterns
The Ecology of Crime
Use of Firearms
Social Class, Socioeconomic Conditions, and Crime
Policy and Practice in Criminology: Should Guns Be Controlled?
Age and Crime
Gender and Crime
Race and Crime
Chronic Offenders/Criminal Careers
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Victims and Victimization
Problems of Crime Victims
Economic Loss
System Abuse
Long-Term Stress
Fear
The Criminological Enterprise: Adolescent Victims of Violence
Antisocial Behavior
The Nature of Victimization
The Social Ecology of Victimization
The Victim's Household
Victim Characteristics
Victims and Their Criminals
Theories of Victimization
Victim Precipitation Theory
Lifestyle Theory
The Criminological Enterprise: Rape on Campus: Lifestyle and Risk
Deviant Place Theory
Routine Activities Theory
The Criminological Enterprise: Crime and Everyday Life
Caring for the Victim
The Government's Response
Victim Service Programs
Victims' Rights
Comparative Criminology: Victims' Rights in Europe
Victim Advocacy
Self-Protection
Community Organization
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Theories of Crime Causation
Choice Theories
The Development of Rational Choice Theory
The Classical Theory of Crime
Choice Theory Emerges
The Concepts of Rational Choice
Offense- and Offender-Specific Crimes
Structuring Criminality
Structuring Crime
Is Crime Rational?
Is Theft Rational?
Is Drug Use Rational?
Is Violence Rational?
The Criminological Enterprise: Hector Vega: A Life in the Drug Trade
Eliminating Crime
Situational Crime Prevention
Comparative Criminology: CCTV or Not CCTV? Comparing Situational Crime Prevention Efforts in Great Britain and the United States
General Deterrence
The Criminological Enterprise: Does Capital Punishment Deter Murder?
Specific Deterrence
Race, Culture, Gender, and Criminology: Deterring Domestic Violence
Incapacitation
Public Policy Implications of Choice Theory
Just Desert
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Trait Theories
Foundations of Trait Theory
Impact of Sociobiology
Modern Trait Theories
Biosocial Trait Theories
Biochemical Conditions and Crime
Comparative Criminology: Diet and Crime: An International Perspective
Neurophysiological Conditions and Crime
Arousal Theory
Genetics and Crime
Evolutionary Theory
Evaluation of the Biosocial Branch of Trait Theory
Psychological Trait Theories
Psychodynamic Theory
Behavioral Theory
Cognitive Theory
The Criminological Enterprise: The Media and Violence
Psychological Traits and Characteristics
Personality and Crime
Intelligence and Crime
The Criminological Enterprise: The Antisocial Personality
Public Policy Implications of Trait Theory
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Social Structure Theories
Socioeconomic Structure and Crime
Child Poverty
The Underclass
Minority Group Poverty
Social Structure Theories
Race, Culture, Gender, and Criminology: Bridging the Racial Divide
Social Disorganization Theories
Foundations of Social Disorganization Theory
The Social Ecology School
The Criminological Enterprise: Random Family
Strain Theories
The Concept of Anomie
Merton's Theory of Anomie
Structural Level Strain: Institutional Anomie Theory
Individual Level Strain: General Strain Theory
Sources of Strain
Coping with Strain
Evaluating GST
Cultural Deviance Theories
Conduct Norms
Focal Concerns
Theory of Delinquent Subcultures
Race, Culture, Gender, and Criminology: The Code of the Streets
Theory of Differential Opportunity
Evaluating Social Structure Theories
Public Policy Implications of Social Structure Theory
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Social Process Theories
Socialization and Crime
Family Relations
Educational Experience
Peer Relations
Policy and Practice in Criminology: Keeping Kids in School: The Communities In Schools Program
Institutional Involvement and Belief
The Effects of Socialization on Crime
Social Learning Theory
Differential Association Theory
Differential Reinforcement Theory
Neutralization Theory
Are Learning Theories Valid?
Social Control Theory
Self-Concept and Crime
Hirschi's Social Bond Theory
Social Reaction Theory
Crime and Labeling Theory
Differential Enforcement
Becoming Labeled
Consequences of Labeling
Primary and Secondary Deviance
Research on Social Reaction Theory
Is Labeling Theory Valid?
Evaluating Social Process Theories
Public Policy Implications of Social Process Theory
Policy and Practice in Criminology: Head Start
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Social Conflict Theories: Critical Criminology and Restorative Justice
Marxist Thought
Productive Forces and Productive Relations
Surplus Value
Marx on Crime
Developing a Conflict-Based Theory of Crime
The Contribution of Willem Bonger
The Contribution of Ralf Dahrendorf
The Contribution of George Vold
Social Conflict Theory
Social Conflict Research
Critical Criminology
Fundamentals of Critical Criminology
Instrumental versus Structural Theory
Research on Critical Criminology
Critique of Critical Criminology
Contemporary Forms of Critical Theory
Left Realism
Critical Feminist Theory
Power-Control Theory
Race, Culture, Gender, and Criminology: Capitalism and Patriarchy
Postmodern Theory
Peacemaking Theory
Public Policy Implications of Social Conflict Theory: Restorative Justice
Reintegrative Shaming
The Concept of Restorative Justice
The Process of Restoration
The Challenge of Restorative Justice
Comparative Criminology: Practicing Restorative Justice Abroad
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Developmental Theories: Life Course and Latent Trait
Foundations of Developmental Theory
Life Course Fundamentals
Problem Behavior Syndrome
Pathways to Crime
Age of Onset/Continuity of Crime
The Criminological Enterprise: Desisting from Crime
Adolescent-Limiteds and Life Course Persisters
Theories of the Criminal Life Course
Sampson and Laub: Age-Graded Theory
Latent Trait Fundamentals
Crime and Human Nature
General Theory of Crime
The Criminological Enterprise: Shared Beginnings, Divergent Lives
Evaluating Developmental Theories
Policy and Practice in Criminology: The Fast Track Project
Public Policy Implications of Developmental Theory
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Crime Typologies
Violent Crime
The Causes of Violence
Psychological Abnormality
Evolutionary Factors/Human Instinct
Substance Abuse
Socialization and Upbringing
Exposure to Violence
Cultural Values/Subculture of Violence
Forcible Rape
The Criminological Enterprise: Violent Land
History of Rape
Rape and the Military
Incidence of Rape
Types of Rape and Rapists
The Causes of Rape
Rape and the Law
The Criminological Enterprise: Masculinity and Sexual Violence among the Urban Poor
Murder and Homicide
Degrees of Murder
The Nature and Extent of Murder
Murderous Relations
Serial Murder
Mass Murder
Assault and Battery
The Nature and Extent of Assault
Assault in the Home
Robbery
Acquaintance Robbery
Rational Robbery
Emerging Forms of Interpersonal Violence
Hate Crimes
The Criminological Enterprise: Armed Robbers in Action
Workplace Violence
Stalking
Terrorism
What Is Terrorism?
A Brief History of Terrorism
Contemporary Forms of Terrorism
Comparative Criminology: Transnational Terrorism in the New Millennium
What Motivates Terrorists?
Responses to Terrorism
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book-Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Property Crime
A Brief History of Theft
Modern Thieves
Occasional Criminals
Professional Criminals
Sutherland's Professional Criminal
The Professional Fence
The Criminological Enterprise: Transforming Theft: Train Robbers and Safecrackers
The Nonprofessional Fence
Larceny/Theft
Larceny Today
Shoplifting
Bad Checks
Credit Card Theft
Auto Theft
The Criminological Enterprise: Credit Card Fraud
False Pretenses or Fraud
Confidence Games
Embezzlement
Burglary
The Nature and Extent of Burglary
Residential Burglary
Commercial Burglary
Race, Culture, Gender, and Criminology: Are There Gender Differences in Burglary?
Careers in Burglary
Arson
The Criminological Enterprise: What Motivates Juvenile Fire Setters?
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Enterprise Crime: White-Collar and Organized Crime
Enterprise Crime
Crimes of Business Enterprise
White-Collar Crime
Redefining White-Collar Crime
Components of White-Collar Crime
Stings and Swindles
Chiseling
Individual Exploitation of an Institutional Position
Influence Peddling and Bribery
Embezzlement and Employee Fraud
The Criminological Enterprise: Tyco, Enron, and WorldCom: Enterprise Crime at the Highest Levels
Client Fraud
Corporate Crime
Causes of White-Collar Crime
Greedy or Needy?
Theories of White-Collar Crime
Rationalization/Neutralization View
Comparative Criminology: Snakes and Ladders: Confronting White-Collar Crime in Britain
Corporate Culture View
Self-Control View
White-Collar Law Enforcement Systems
Controlling White-Collar Crime
Is the Tide Turning?
Organized Crime
Characteristics of Organized Crime
Activities of Organized Crime
The Concept of Organized Crime
Alien Conspiracy Theory
Contemporary Organized Crime Groups
The Evolution of Organized Crime
Comparative Criminology: Russian Organized Crime
Controlling Organized Crime
The Future of Organized Crime
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Public Order Crime
Law and Morality
Debating Morality
Social Harm
Moral Crusaders
Homosexuality
Attitudes toward Homosexuality
Homosexuality and the Law
Is the Tide Turning?
Paraphilias
Prostitution
Comparative Criminology: The Natasha Trade: International Trafficking in Prostitution
Incidence of Prostitution
International Sex Trade
Types of Prostitutes
Becoming a Prostitute
Controlling Prostitution
Legalize Prostitution?
Pornography
Child Pornography
Does Pornography Cause Violence?
Pornography and the Law
Controlling Pornography
Technological Change
Substance Abuse
When Did Drug Use Begin?
Alcohol and Its Prohibition
The Extent of Substance Abuse
AIDS and Drug Use
What Causes Substance Abuse?
Is There a Drug Gateway?
Types of Drug Users
Drugs and Crime
Drugs and the Law
Drug Control Strategies
Policy and Practice in Criminology: Drug Abuse Resistance Education
Drug Legalization
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Cyber Crime and Technology
Cyber Theft: Cyber Crimes for Profit
Computer Fraud
Distributing Illegal Sexual Material
Denial of Service Attack
Illegal Copyright Infringement
Internet Securities Fraud
Identity Theft
E-Tailing Fraud
Cyber Vandalism: Cyber Crime with Malicious Intent
Worms, Viruses, Trojan Horses, Logic Bombs, and Spam
Web Defacement
Cyber Stalking
Cyber Spying
Cyber Terrorism: Cyber Crime with Political Motives
Why Terrorism in Cyber Space?
Cyber Attacks
Is Cyber Terrorism a Real Threat?
The Extent and Costs of Cyber Crime
Controlling Cyber Crime
Cyber Crime Enforcement Agencies
Local Enforcement Efforts
Controlling Crime Using Information Technology
Law Enforcement Technology
Policy and Practice in Criminology: Crime Scene Investigation Goes High Tech
Policy and Practice in Criminology: Biometric Technology
Court Technology
Corrections Technology
Information Technology, Crime, and Civil Liberties
Summary
ThomsonNOW
Thinking Like a Criminologist
Doing Research on the Web
Book Companion Website
Key Terms
Critical Thinking Questions
Notes
Glossary
Case Index
Name Index
Subject Index
Photo Credits

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