Racism in the United States Implications for the Helping Professions

ISBN-10: 0495004758

ISBN-13: 9780495004752

Edition: 2008

List price: $116.95
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Description: With this fascinating text, you will start to analyze the social and psychological dynamics of racism and the implications it will carry for you as helping professional. Authors Joshua Miller and Ann Marie Garran investigate the many facets of racism in the United States, they examine how racism exists not only outside of us, but inside of us as well. Human service workers must confront and challenge racism in both these areas. Those in the helping professions are ethically obligated to work for a society of fairness and social justice and to provide culturally responsive services to all clients, ensuring equal access and quality. The authors demonstrate that it is insufficient to solely focus on social structures, services, institutional practices, or on changing other people. They show that we must also look within and explore our own biases and blind spots which influence how we view ourselves and those whom we are committed to helping.

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Book details

List price: $116.95
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 1/24/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.254
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgment
Introduction: Racism in the United States: Implications for the Helping Professions
Background: Social Identity and Situating Ourselves
Social Identity
Situating Ourselves
Power, Privilege, and Social Identity
Comfort Zones, Learning Edges, Triggers, and Creating a Context for Learning
Setting Guidelines
Journal Writing
Creating a Safe Environment
Conclusion
Social Identity
Exploring Triggers
Racial Identity Formation
What Is Racism?
How Race and Racism Have Been Conceptualized
Historical Underpinnings
The Western Concept of Race
Theories about Racism
Ethnicity Theories
Race Relations Theories
Theories of Prejudice
Structural Theories of Racism
Critical Race Theory
The Contours of Racism
Levels of Racism
Direct and Indirect Racism
Intentional and Unintentional Racism
Sites of Racism
Frequency and Magnitude of Racism
The Spectrum of Racism
Intrapersonal
Interpersonal
Intergroup
Institutional
Official and State
Extreme, State Sanctioned
Conclusion
Applying the Spectrum of Racism
A Brief History of Racism in the United States and Implications for the Helping Professions
The Racial Contract
Native Americans
African Americans
Latinos/Hispanics
Asian Americans
Factors Common to Anti-Immigrant Racism
White Ethnic Groups
Push and Pull Factors
Discrimination Against White Ethnic Groups
Ethnicity and Race
Liminality
Racism and the Helping Professions in Historical Perspective
Progressive Era
The New Deal
The Civil Rights Movement and the Great Society
Conclusion
Differential Group Experience
The Web of Institutional Racism
The Nature of the Web of Racism
Residential Racism: Neighborhoods and Housing
Educational Racism: Public, Private, and Higher Education
Employment Racism
Racism and Wealth Accumulation and Upward Mobility
Environmental and Health Racism
Mental Health Racism
Access
Services Offered
Who Provides Treatment
The Structure of Services
Theoretical Biases
Racism in Clinical Encounters
Racism in the Criminal Justice System
Political Racism
Media Racism
Implications of the Web of Racism for the Helping Professions
Conclusion
The Web of Racism and Passports of Privilege
Why Is It so Difficult for People with Privilege to See Racism?
Consciousness
Invisible Knapsacks of Privilege
Socialization into White Privilege
The Role of the Family
The Discourse of Denigration and the Creation of Other
Renounced Targets
Triangulation
Stereotypes and What Can Be Done about Them
Sources of Resistance
Consequences of Unexamined Stereotypes
Confronting Stereotypes
Conclusion
Personal Audit
Confronting Stereotypes
Social Identity Formation and Group Membership
Identity
Racial and Ethnic Identity Theory
Multiracial/Biracial Identity Development
Theoretical Assumptions
Conceptual Expansions of Ethnic and Racial Identity Theory
Multidimensional Social Identity Development
Assumptions
Axes of Social Identity
Dimensions
Lifespan Context
Environmental Context
Resolutions/Stances
Social Identity Development Phases
Targeted Identity
Agent Identity
Identity and Intergroup Relations
What Can Prevent or Alleviate Intergroup Conflict?
Implications for the Helping Professions
Conclusion
Multidimensional Social Identity Exercise
Intersectionality, Racism and Other Forms of Social Oppression
Common Aspects of Social Oppression
Tilly's Model of Categorical Inequalities
Bell's Features of Social Oppression
Racism and Class Oppression
Race and Class Visibility
Race, Class, and Politics
Interaction of Race and Class Today
Racism and Sexism
Social Consequences of Racism and Sexism
Social Roles and Social Identity
Racism and Heterosexism
Heterosexism
The Interaction of Racism and Heterosexism
Immigration and Racism
Dynamics of Immigration
Significant Legislation
Immigration and Racism Today
Conclusion
Intersectionality
Racial Dialogue: Talking about Race and Racism
Why Undertake Racial Dialogues?
Why Is Racial Dialogue so Challenging?
Conducting Successful Racial Dialogues
Important Dimensions of Dialogue
Models and Stages of Intergroup Dialogue
Managing Effective Racial Dialogues
Racial Reconciliation and Inter-Racial Justice
Recognition
Responsibility
Reconstruction
Reparation
Conclusion
Preparing for Dialogue
Responses to Racism in the Community
Millville
Snapshots of Millville Residents
Racism in Millville
The Dynamics of Racism in Communities
Structural/Institutional Racism
Political Power
Social Identity and Group Membership
The Phenomenology of Community Racism
Social Cohesion and Community Integrity
Responding to Racism in the Community
Public Dialogue
Re-Storying the Community
Structural Interventions
Generating Social Capital in the Quest for Community Integrity
Anti-Racism Work in the Community
Assessment and Prioritization
Working with Existing Groups and Organizations
Working in Coalitions
Disruptive Strategies
Participatory Efforts
Self-Care
Conclusion
Mapping Your Community
Confronting Racism in Agencies and Organizations
Terminology
Types of Organizations
How Racism Is Manifested in Social Service Organizations
Policies
Interpersonal Relationships
Organizational Power
Resources Devoted to Anti-Racism
Developmental Models of Organizational Change
The Process of Becoming an Anti-Racism Organization
Mission Statement
Project Group
Assessment and Prioritization
An Anti-Racism Audit
Conclusion
Anti-Racism Agency Assessment
Cross-Racial Clinical Work
First Steps
Social Identity
Culture, Values, and Worldview
Power
Legacies of Racism Seen in Clinical Work
Anger
Rage
Guilt
Shame
Stress and Trauma
Grief and Mourning
Theoretical Biases
Barriers to Effective Cross-Racial Clinical Work
Internalized Racism
Inattention to Power and Privilege
Defensive Racial Dynamics
Guidelines for Effective Cross-Racial Clinical Work
Working with Social Identity
Focusing on Strengths
Listening and Observing
Working with Racial Transference and Counter-Transference
Ability to Tolerate and Respond to Strong Affect
Situating Clients in Their Historical and Social Context
Mirroring and Empathy
Bringing up Issues of Race and Racism
Responding to Bias
Issues for Clinicians Who Identify as White
Issues for Clinicians Who Identify as People of Color or Multiracial
Supervision and Consultation
Structural and Environmental Issues
Environment
Access
Staffing and Board Representation
Conclusion
Crossed Racial Identity between Worker and Client
Exploring Emotions
Teaching about Racism
Examples
Regina
Alicia
Michael
Course and Class Structure
Classroom Climate
Classroom Safety
Classroom Norms
Caucus Groups
Instructor Self-Awareness
Resistance
Supporting Anti-Racism Teaching
Understanding Students
Teaching Strategies and Techniques
Exercises
Interviewing in Fairs
Maintaining Balance
Availability of Teachers
Feeling Stuck
Conclusion
Dismantling Racism: Creating the Web of Resistance
Creating the Web of Resistance
Core Values
The Intrapersonal Realm: Introspection and Education
The Interpersonal Realm: Engaging in Dialogue/Working in Coalitions
The Organizational Realm: Creating Anti-Racism Organizations
The Community Realm: Creating Inclusive Communities
Being Heard: The Realm of Discourse and Culture
The Political and Social Realm: Laws, Institutions, and Practices
Maintaining Motivation
Self-Care
Self-Compassion
Avoiding Humiliating Others
Working Together
Taking the Long View
Valuing the Process as Well as the Product
Growing as Activists
Eternal Vigilance
Anti-Racism Activist Self-Audit
Confronting Racism Without Humiliating Others
Study Circles Dialogues
Steps to Successful Intergroup Conversation: A Critical-Dialogic Model
Issues to Consider When Confronting Institutional Racism
Activities Toward Becoming an Anti-Racist Organization
Cultural Values and Worldviews
Culturally Influenced Behaviors
Questions about Cross-Cultural Contacts
Further Reading about Cross-Racial/Cultural Clinical Practice
Imaginary Letter
References
Index
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