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Preface | |

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Suggestions for Using This Book | |

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Preface to the First Edition | |

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Historical Overview | |

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The Basic Phenomena | |

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The London Equations | |

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The Pippard Nonlocal Electrodynamics | |

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The Energy Gap and the BCS Theory | |

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The Ginzburg-Landau Theory | |

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Type II Superconductors | |

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Phase, Josephson Tunneling, and Fluxoid Quantization | |

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Fluctuations and Nonequilibrium Effects | |

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High-Temperature Superconductivity | |

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Introduction to Electrodynamics of Superconductors | |

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The London Equations | |

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Screening of a Static Magnetic Field | |

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Flat Slab in Parallel Magnetic Field | |

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Critical Current of Wire | |

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Type I Superconductors in Strong Magnetic Fields: The Intermediate State | |

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Nonzero Demagnetizing Factor | |

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Intermediate State in a Flat Slab | |

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Intermediate State of a Sphere | |

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Intermediate State above Critical Current of a Superconducting Wire | |

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High-Frequency Electrodynamics | |

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Complex Conductivity in Two-Fluid Approximation | |

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High-Frequency Dissipation in Superconductors | |

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The BCS Theory | |

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Cooper Pairs | |

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Origin of the Attractive Interaction | |

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The BCS Ground State | |

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Variational Method | |

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Determination of the Coefficients | |

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Evaluation of Ground-State Energy | |

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Isotope Effect | |

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Solution by Canonical Transformation | |

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Excitation Energies and the Energy Gap | |

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Finite Temperatures | |

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Determination of T[subscript c] | |

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Temperature Dependence of the Gap | |

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Thermodynamic Quantities | |

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State Functions and the Density of States | |

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Density of States | |

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Electron Tunneling | |

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The Semiconductor Model | |

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Normal-Normal Tunneling | |

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Normal-Superconductor Tunneling | |

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Superconductor-Superconductor Tunneling | |

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Phonon Structure | |

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Transition Probabilities and Coherence Effects | |

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Ultrasonic Attenuation | |

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Nuclear Relaxation | |

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Electromagnetic Absorption | |

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Electrodynamics | |

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Calculation of K(0, T) or [lambda subscript L](T) | |

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Calculation of K(q, 0) | |

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Nonlocal Electrodynamics in Coordinate Space | |

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Effect of Impurities | |

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Complex Conductivity | |

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The Penetration Depth | |

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Preliminary Estimate of [lambda] for Nonlocal Case | |

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Solution by Fourier Analysis | |

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Temperature Dependence of [lambda] | |

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Penetration Depth in Thin Films: [lambda subscript eff] and [lambda subscript perpendicular, bottom] | |

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Measurement of [lambda] | |

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Concluding Summary | |

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Ginzburg-Landau Theory | |

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The Ginzburg-Landau Free Energy | |

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The Ginzburg-Landau Differential Equations | |

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The Ginzburg-Landau Coherence Length | |

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Calculations of the Domain-Wall Energy Parameter | |

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Critical Current of a Thin Wire or Film | |

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Fluxoid Quantization and the Little-Parks Experiment | |

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The Fluxoid | |

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The Little-Parks Experiment | |

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Parallel Critical Field of Thin Flims | |

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Thicker Films | |

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The Linearized GL Equation | |

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Nucleation in Bulk Samples: H[subscript c2] | |

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Nucleation at Surfaces: H[subscript c3] | |

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Nucleation in Films and Foils | |

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Angular Dependence of the Critical Field of Thin Films | |

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Nucleation in Films of Intermediate Thickness | |

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The Abrikosov Vortex State at H[subscript c2] | |

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Magnetic Properties of Classic Type II Superconductors | |

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Behavior Near H[subscript c1]: The Structure of an Isolated Vortex | |

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The High-[kappa] Approximation | |

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Vortex-Line Energy | |

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Interaction between Vortex Lines | |

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Magnetization Curves | |

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Low Flux Density | |

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Intermediate Flux Densities | |

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Regime Near H[subscript c2] | |

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Flux Pinning, Creep, and Flow | |

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Flux Flow | |

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The Bardeen-Stephen Model | |

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Onset of Resistance in a Wire | |

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Experimental Verification of Flux Flow | |

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Concluding Remarks on Flux Flow | |

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The Critical-State Model | |

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Thermally Activated Flux Creep | |

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Anderson-Kim Flux-Creep Theory | |

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Thermal Instability | |

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Superconducting Magnets for Time-Varying Fields | |

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Flux Jumps | |

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Twisted Composite Conductors | |

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Josephson Effect I: Basic Phenomena and Applications | |

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Introduction | |

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The Josephson Critical Current | |

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Short One-Dimensional Metallic Weak Links | |

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Other Weak Links | |

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Gauge-Invariant Phase | |

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The RCSJ Model | |

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Definition of the Model | |

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I-V Characteristics at T=0 | |

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Effects of Thermal Fluctuations | |

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rf-Driven Junctions | |

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Josephson Effect in Presence of Magnetic Flux | |

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The Basic Principle of Quantum Interference | |

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Extended Junctions | |

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Time-Dependent Solutions | |

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SQUID Devices | |

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The dc SQUID | |

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The rf SQUID | |

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SQUID Applications | |

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Arrays of Josephson Junctions | |

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Arrays in Zero Magnetic Field | |

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Arrays in Uniform Magnetic Field | |

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Arrays in rf Fields: Giant Shapiro Steps | |

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S-I-S Detectors and Mixers | |

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S-I-S Detectors | |

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S-I-S Mixers | |

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Josephson Effect II: Phenomena Unique to Small Junctions | |

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Introduction | |

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Damping Effect of Lead Impedance | |

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Effect on Retrapping Current | |

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The Phase Diffusion Branch | |

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Quantum Consequences of Small Capacitance | |

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Particle Number Eigenstates | |

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Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling | |

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Introduction to Single Electron Tunneling: The Coulomb Blockade and Staircase | |

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Energy and Charging Relations in Quasi-Equilibrium | |

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Zero Bias Circuit with Normal Island | |

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Even-Odd Number Parity Effect with Superconducting Island | |

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Zero Bias Supercurrents with Superconducting Island and Leads | |

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Double-Junction Circuit with Finite Bias Voltage | |

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Orthodox Theory and Determination of the I-V Curve | |

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The Special Case R[subscript 2] [double greater-than sign] R[subscript 1] | |

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Cotunneling or Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling of Charge | |

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Superconducting Island with Finite Bias Voltage | |

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Fluctuation Effects in Classic Superconductors | |

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Appearance of Resistance in a Thin Superconducting Wire | |

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Appearance of Resistance in a Thin Superconducting Film: The Kosterlitz-Thouless Transition | |

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Superconductivity above T[subscript c] in Zero-Dimensional Systems | |

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Spatial Variation of Fluctuations | |

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Fluctuation Diamagnetism above T[subscript c] | |

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Diamagnetism in Two-Dimensional Systems | |

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Time Dependence of Fluctuations | |

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Fluctuation-Enhanced Conductivity above T[subscript c] | |

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Three Dimensions | |

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Two Dimensions | |

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One Dimension | |

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Anomalous Contributions to Fluctuation Conductivity | |

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High-Frequency Conductivity | |

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The High-Temperature Superconductors | |

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Introduction | |

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The Lawrence-Doniach Model | |

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The Anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau Limit | |

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Crossover to Two-Dimensional Behavior | |

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Discussion | |

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Magnetization of Layered Superconductors | |

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The Anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau Regime | |

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The Lock-In Transition | |

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Flux Motion and the Resistive Transition: An Initial Overview | |

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The Melting Transition | |

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A Simple Model Calculation | |

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Experimental Evidence | |

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Two-Dimensional vs. Three-Dimensional Melting | |

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The Effect of Pinning | |

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Pinning Mechanisms in HTSC | |

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Larkin-Ovchinnikov Theory of Collective Pinning | |

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Giant Flux Creep in the Collective Pinning Model | |

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The Vortex-Glass Model | |

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Correlated Disorder and the Boson Glass Model | |

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Granular High-Temperature Superconductors | |

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Effective Medium Parameters | |

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Relationship between Granular and Continuum Models | |

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The "Brick-Wall" Model | |

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Fluxons and High-Frequency Losses | |

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Anomalous Properties of High-Temperature and Exotic Superconductors | |

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Unconventional Pairing | |

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Pairing Symmetry and Flux Quantization | |

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The Energy Gap | |

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Heavy Fermion Superconductors | |

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Special Topics | |

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The Bogoliubov Method: Generalized Self-Consistent Field | |

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Dirty Superconductors | |

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Uniform Current in Pure Superconductors | |

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Excitations in Vortex | |

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Magnetic Perturbations and Gapless Superconductivity | |

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Depression of T[subscript c] by Magnetic Perturbations | |

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Density of States | |

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Time-Dependent Ginzburg-Landau Theory | |

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Electron-Phonon Relaxation | |

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Nonequilibrium Superconductivity | |

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Introduction | |

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Quasi-Particle Disequilibrium | |

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Energy-Mode vs. Charge-Mode Disequilibrium | |

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Relaxation Times | |

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Energy-Mode Disequilibrium: Steady-State Enhancement of Superconductivity | |

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Enhancement by Microwaves | |

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Enhancement by Extraction of Quasi-Particles | |

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Energy-Mode Disequilibrium: Dynamic Nonequilibrium Effects | |

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GL Equation for Time-Dependent Gap | |

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Transient Superconductivity above I[subscript c] | |

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Dynamic Enhancement in Metallic Weak Links | |

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Charge-Mode Disequilibrium: Steady-State Regimes | |

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Andreev Reflection | |

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Subharmonic Energy Gap Structure | |

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Time-Dependent Charge-Mode Disequilibrium: Phase-Slip Centers | |

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Units | |

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Notation and Conventions | |

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Exact Solution for Penetration Depth by Fourier Analysis | |

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Bibliography | |

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Index | |