Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science

ISBN-10: 0486425517
ISBN-13: 9780486425511
Edition: 2002
Authors: E. A. Burtt
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Description: To the medieval thinker, man was the centre of creation and all of nature existed for his benefit. The shift from the philosophy of the Middle Ages to the modern view of humanity's less central place in the universe ranks as the greatest revolution  More...

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Book details

List price: $16.95
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Dover Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/27/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 368
Size: 5.25" wide x 8.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.792
Language: English

To the medieval thinker, man was the centre of creation and all of nature existed for his benefit. The shift from the philosophy of the Middle Ages to the modern view of humanity's less central place in the universe ranks as the greatest revolution in the history of Western thought. This work describes how the change occurred.

Introduction
The Historical Problem Suggested by the Nature of Modern Thought
The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science the Key to This Problem
Copernicus and Kepler
The Problem of the New Astronomy
Metaphysical Bearings of the Pre-Copernican Progress in Mathematics
Ultimate Implications of Copernicus' Step--Revival of Pythagoreanism
Kepler's Early Acceptance of the New World-Scheme
First Formulation of the New Metaphysics--Causality, Quantity, Primary and Secondary Qualities
Galileo
The Science of "Local Motion"
Nature as Mathematical Order--Galileo's Method
The Subjectivity of Secondary Qualities
Motion, Space, and Time
The Nature of Causality--God and the Physical World--Positivism
Descartes
Mathematics as the Key to Knowledge
Geometrical Conception of the Physical Universe
"Res extensa" and "Res cogitans"
The Problem of Mind and Body
Seventeenth-Century English Philosophy
Hobbes' Attack on the Cartesian Dualism
Treatment of Secondary Qualities and Causality
More's Notion of Extension as a Category of Spirit
The "Spirit of Nature"
Space as the Divine Presence
Barrow's Philosophy of Method, Space, and Time
Gilbert and Boyle
The Non-Mathematical Scientific Current
Boyle's Importance as Scientist and Philosopher
Acceptance and Defence of the Mechanical World-View
Value of Qualitative and Teleological Explanations
Insistence on Reality of Secondary Qualities--Conception of Man
Pessimistic View of Human Knowledge--Positivism
Boyle's Philosophy of the Ether
God's Relation to the Mechanical World
Summary of the Pre-Newtonian Development
The Metaphysics of Newton
Newton's Method
The Mathematical Aspect
The Empirical Aspect
Attack on "Hypotheses"
Newton's Union of Mathematics and Experiment
The Doctrine of Positivism
Newton's General Conception of the World, and of Man's Relation to It
Space, Time, and Mass
Mass
Space and Time
Criticism of Newton's Philosophy of Space and Time
Newton's Conception of the Ether
The Function of the Ether
Newton's Early Speculations
Development of a More Settled Theory
God--Creator and Preserver of the Order of the World
Newton as Theologian
God's Present Duties in the Cosmic Economy
The Historical Relations of Newton's Theism
Conclusion
Bibliography
Index

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