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Light and Matter Electromagnetism, Optics, Spectroscopy and Lasers

ISBN-10: 0471899313
ISBN-13: 9780471899310
Edition: 2006
Authors: Y. B. Band
List price: $93.00
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Description: Electromagnetism, Optics, Spectroscopy and Lasers covers both the theory and the practical consequences and applications of, the ways in which light interacts with matter.

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Book details

List price: $93.00
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/1/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 656
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 3.080
Language: English

Electromagnetism, Optics, Spectroscopy and Lasers covers both the theory and the practical consequences and applications of, the ways in which light interacts with matter.

Yehuda B. Band is Professor of Chemistry, Electro-optics and Physics and a member of Ilse Katz Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology at the Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel. He holds the Snow Chair in Nanotechnology. Dr. Band has been affiliated in the past with Argonne National Laboratory, Allied-Signal Inc., National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST), University of Chicago, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and Harvard University. Dr. Band's research interests include collision theory, light scattering, nonlinear-optics electro-optics and quantum-optics, laser physics and chemistry, electronic transport properties of matter, molecular dissociation, and thermodynamics. His foremost expertise is in quantum scattering and the interaction of light with matter. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society. He is the author of about two hundred fifty scientific publications in these fields and holds numerous patents. He is the author of two books, Y. B. Band, Light and Matter: Electromagnetism, Optics, Spectroscopy and Lasers, (John Wiley, 2006), and Y. B. Band and Y. Avishai, Quantum Mechanics, with Applications to Nanotechnology and Information Science, (Elsevier, 2013). For additional information see Dr. Band's web page, http://www.bgu.ac.il/~band

Preface
Electromagnetic radiation
Brief history of the interaction of light and matter
Light in vacuum
The electromagnetic spectrum
Wave equation in vacuum
Propagation of one component in one dimension
Phase and group velocity of a light pulse
Amplitude modulation
Frequency and phase modulation
Energy, momentum and angular momentum of electromagnetic waves
Polarized light
Diffraction
Interference
Temporal and spatial coherence
Photons: quantization of the electromagnetic field
Matter-source of light
Classical expressions for the charge density and current
The wave equation with source terms: Lienard-Wiechert potentials
Phenomenology of light propagation in matter
Absorption of light
Color of materials
An aside on Einstein absorption and emission coefficients
Nonlinear absorption
Saturable absorption
Reverse saturable absorption
Two-photon absorption
Index of refraction
Reflection and refraction at a boundary interface
Relationship between refractive index and absorption: Kramers-Kronig relation
Dispersion
Refractive index temperature dependence: thermal lensing
Optical phenomena in nonisotropic media
Introduction to crystallography and optics in crystals
Dichroism
Birefringence
Optical activity, optical rotatory dispersion and circular dichroism
Electric field effects
Kerr effect
Pockels effect
Piezoelectricity
Pyroelectric effect
Ferroelectric effect
Electrostriction
Photorefractive effect
Acousto-optic effects
Diffraction by acoustic waves: Brillouin scattering
Photoelastic effect (stress-birefringence)
Acousto-optic detection of light
Magnetic field effects
Faraday effect
Voigt and Cotton-Mouton effects
Magnetic circular birefringence and dichroism
Magnetostriction and magnetoelasticity
The interaction of light and matter
Lorentz force law
Motion of a charged particle in static electric and magnetic fields
Motion in a magnetic field - the cyclotron frequency
Crossed electric and magnetic fields
Conductivity, magnetoconductivity and Hall effect
Motion of a bound electron in an electromagnetic field
Linewidth due to spontaneous emission
Rayleigh scattering, Thomson scattering, and resonant line scattering limits
Polarization of a medium
Polarization of a medium in a static magnetic field
Electromagnetic field and a static electric field
Nonlinear polarization of a medium
Radiation due to acceleration of charges
Radiation from relativistically moving charges
Synchrotron emission
Radiative damping force revisited
Cherenkov radiation
Multipole radiation
Scattering of long wavelength electromagnetic radiation from small particles
Scattering of a light wavepacket
Cooling and trapping of atoms
Far off-resonance trapping, atom mirrors and optical tweezers
Doppler cooling
Polarization gradient cooling (Sisyphus cooling) of atoms
Magnetic phenomena, constitutive relations and plasmas
Magnetic moments
Magnetization
Diamagnetism
Paramagnetism
Ferromagnetism
Ferrimagnetism
Antiferromagnetism
Permeability resonances
Magnetic resonance
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Polarization and magnetization as source terms
Atomistic derivation of macroscopic electromagnetism and the constitutive relations
Microscopic polarizability and macroscopic polarization
Clausius-Mossotti equation and the Lorentz-Lorenz correction factor
Microscopic magnetic moment and macroscopic magnetization
Dielectric relaxation
Molecular orientation (and re-orientation) in an applied field
Dispersion relations for light in dielectric crystals
Plasmas
Plasma parameters
Constitutive equations in a plasma
Kinetic theory
Hydrodynamic model of plasmas
Waves in a plasma
Quantum description of absorption, emission and light scattering
Charged particle in an electromagnetic field
Electron spin coupling
Landau levels in a static magnetic field
Absorption and emission
Time-dependent perturbation theory
Spontaneous emission
Stimulated emission and absorption
Finite lifetime considerations for stimulated emission and absorption
Finite duration pulses
Rayleigh and Raman scattering
Why is the sky blue, the setting sun red and clouds white?
Thomson scattering
Spectroscopy
Atoms
The hydrogen atom
Multielectron atomic systems
Atomic selection rules
Broadening due to lifetime and collisions
Molecules
Hamiltonian for molecular systems
The Born-Oppenheimer approximation and potential energy surfaces
Molecular orbitals
Diatomic molecules
Diatomic rotational and vibrational states and transitions
Electric dipole transitions
The Franck-Condon principle
More about rotational states and transitions: microwave spectroscopy
H[subscript 2 superscript +] ion
H[subscript 2] molecule
Polyatomic molecules
Multidimensional Born-Oppenheimer potential surfaces
The nuclear Hamiltonian for molecular systems
Rotational degrees of freedom
Large molecules
Condensed-phase materials
Crystals doped with metal ions
Metals
Semiconductor materials
Lasers
Laser dynamics
Three- and four-level lasers
Laser rate equations
Threshold
Steady state
Small signal gain and gain saturation
Circulating intracavity intensity
cw output vs input
Pulsed laser operation
Relaxation oscillations
Q-switching
Mode-locking
Extra-cavity pulse compressor
Chirped pulse amplifiers
Cavity modes
Longitudinal modes
Transverse modes
Amplified spontaneous emission
Laser linewidth
Laser coherence
Specific laser systems
He-Ne laser
Ar ion and Kr ion lasers
CO[subscript 2] laser
Nitrogen laser
Excimer and exciplex lasers
Dye lasers
Solid-state lasers
Semiconductor diode lasers: GaAs, AlGaAs heterostructures
Nonlinear optics
Expansion of the polarization in the electric field
Symmetry relations of the nonlinear susceptibilities
Electromagnetic energy density in a nonlinear medium
Local field corrections to nonlinear susceptibilities
The nonlinear wave equation for the slowly varying envelope
Manley-Rowe relations
Phase-matching
Collinear phase-matching
Noncollinear phase-matching
Second harmonic generation
Second harmonic generation with multimode light
Short-pulse second harmonic generation
Three-wave mixing
Sum frequency generation
Difference frequency generation
Third harmonic generation
Third harmonic generation in rare gas mixtures
Effects of self-phase modulation on third harmonic generation
Self-focusing and self-phase modulation
The nonlinear Schrodinger equation
Optical solitons
Four-Wave mixing
Stimulated Raman processes
Coherent anti-Stokes and Stokes Raman spectroscopy
Stimulated Brillouin processes
Nonlinear matter-wave optics
Quantum-optical processes
Interaction of a two-level system with an electromagnetic field
Rotating wave approximation
Rabi oscillations
Dressed states
Adiabatic passage and the adiabatic theorem
Liouville-von Neumann equation for the density matrix
The density matrix description of matter
The steady-state density matrix solution
Rate equation limit
Atom cooling and trapping revisited
The adiabatic theorem for density matrix dynamics
Inhomogeneous broadening
Optical coherent transient processes
Three-level system
Wavefunction treatment of a three-level system
Population transfer using stimulated Raman adiabatic passage
Coherent trapping: dark states
Density matrix treatment of a three-level system
Coherent states and squeezed states
Position-momentum squeezing
Number and phase squeezing and the phase operator
Generation of squeezed states: parametric down-conversion
Homodyne detection of squeezed states
Application of squeezed states: sub-shot-noise phase measurements
The Jaynes-Cummings model
Interaction between modes of a quantum field
Interaction representation
Quantum-field two-mode Rabi problem
Parametric oscillation
Light propagation in optical fibers and introduction to optical communication systems
Fiber characteristics
Attenuation in fibers
Dispersion in fibers
Polarization-maintenance and single-polarization fibers
Gain in doped fibers
Transverse modes of an optical fiber
Single-mode fiber
Imperfections in the fiber
Coupling between fiber modes
Fiber-Bragg gratings
Nonlinear processes in fibers
Optical solitons in fibers
Stimulated Raman amplification in fibers
Higher-order nonlinear effects
Parametric processes
Fiber-optic communication system
Analogue communication
Coherent optical communication
Digital communication
Multiplexing techniques
Appendices
Vector analysis
Scalar and vector products
Differential operators
Divergence and Stokes theorems
Curvilinear coordinates
Electromagnetism and Maxwell's equations
The laws of electromagnetism
Electromagnetic units
Maxwell's equations
Quantum mechanics and the Schrodinger equation
Time-dependent and time-independent Schrodinger equations
Spherical harmonics
The radial Schrodinger equation
The free particle
The spherical top and the distorted spherical top
The Coulomb potential
Atomic units
The Morse potential
The harmonic oscillator potential
Perturbation theory
Nondegenerate time-independent perturbation theory
Degenerate time-independent perturbation theory
Time-dependent perturbation theory
Fundamental constants
References
Bibliography
Index

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