Technology in Emergency Management

ISBN-10: 0471789739

ISBN-13: 9780471789734

Edition: 2007

Authors: John C. Pine
List price: $86.95 Buy it from $51.11
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Description: Emergency Management Technology provides an introduction and overview of the application of technology in emergency management. It clarifies the role of technology in the support of emergency planning, response, recovery and mitigation efforts and the key elements that must be in place for technology to enhance the emergency management process.

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Book details

List price: $86.95
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/20/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 312
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.474
Language: English

Using Technology: Technology as a Tool
Introduction
Technology as a Management Tool
Self-Check
Using Technology Effectively
Self-Check
Completing a Needs Assessment
Self-Check
Summary
Key Terms
Summary Questions
Review Questions
Applying This Chapter
You Try It
Emergency Management and the Internet: Information Superhighway
Introduction
Case Study: Hurricane Katrina and the Internet
Self-Check
The Beginning of the Internet
Self-Check
The Internet as a System
Open and Closed Internet Systems
Self-Check
Internet, the Web, and the Emergency Management Community
The World Wide Web
Limitations of the Internet
Helpful Web Sites for Emergency Managers
Forums and Webcasting
Self-Check
Summary
Key Terms
Summary Questions
Review Questions
Applying This Chapter
You Try It
Networks and Communications Systems: Working Together
Introduction
What is a Network?
Self-Check
Types of Networks
Wireline Networks
Wireless Networks
Self-Check
Communication Networks
The Telephone System
Digital Transmission Services
Microwave Radio Services
Satellite Communications
Disruptions in Communication Networks
Local Area Network (LAN)
Wide Area Network (WAN)
Self-Check
Trends in Technology Affecting Networks
Remote Access to Information
Information Overload
Data Integration
Real-Time Response Data
Capability and Compatibility Issues in Networks and Communications
Using Technology to Create Synergy
Self-Check
Summary
Key Terms
Summary Questions
Review Questions
Applying This Chapter
You Try It
GIS and GPS Tools: Maps and Geographic Systems
Introduction
Geographic Information System: A Review of the Technology
Self-Check
GIS in Emergency Management
Self-Check
Developing and Implementing a GIS
LandView and MARPLOT Software
Self-Check
Data Representation
Vector Data
Raster Data
TIGER Files
Self-Check
Geocoding
Self-Check
Global Positioning Systems
Self-Check
Summary
Key Terms
Summary Questions
Review Questions
Applying This Chapter
You Try It
Direct and Remote Sensing: Describing and Detecting Hazards
Introduction
Direct Sensing and Data
Self-Check
Weather Stations
Data from Outside Weather Stations
Remote Automated Weather Station (RAWS)
Case Study: GeoMAC
Self-Check
Water Data Sensors
Local Flood Warning Systems
Rain and Stream Gages
United States Geological Survey (USGS) Stream-Gaging Program
Using the Stream Flow Data for Emergency Management
Self-Check
Air Data Sensors
Air Sensors and Air Quality
Chemical Sensors
Using Air Data Sensors in Cases of Terrorism
Self-Check
Evaluating the Technology
Self-Check
Remote Sensing
Self-Check
Satellites
NOAA GOES Satellite
Polar Orbiting Satellites
Landsat
Case Example: Long Term Monitoring of Environmental Change
Imaging Radar
Self-Check
Using and Assessing Data
Self-Check
Trends in Technology
Self-Check
Summary
Key Terms
Summary Questions
Review Questions
Applying This Chapter
You Try It
Emergency Management Decision Support Systems: Using Data to Manage Disasters
Introduction
Emergency Management Information Systems
Self-Check
Evaluating Information Systems
Quality
Timeliness
Completeness
Performance
Self-Check
Accessing Federal, State, and Local Information Systems
The National Emergency Management Information System (NEMIS)
Federal Emergency Management Information System (FEMIS)
Computer Aided Management of Emergency Operations (CAMEO)
Other Decision Support Information Systems
Self-Check
Using Data
Databases
Data Dictionary (or Metadata)
Self-Check
Working with Hazardous Chemical (Tier 2) Database Structure
Example of Tier 2 Database
Tier 2 Database Reporting Model
Self-Check
Evaluating Databases
Self-Check
Using Emergency Management Databases
Self-Check
Obtaining Data from Public Federal Data Sources
Self-Check
Summary
Key Terms
Summary Questions
Review Questions
Applying This Chapter
You Try It
Hazard Analysis and Modeling: Predicting the Impact
Introduction
Modeling and Emergency Management
The Technology behind Modeling
Understanding the Results of Modeling
Self-Check
Hurricane Model (SLOSH)
SLOSH for Planning, Response, Recovery, and Mitigation
Strengths of SLOSH
Limitations of SLOSH
Self-Check
Using the ALOHA Chemical Dispersion Modeling
Model Outputs
Strengths of ALOHA
Limitations of ALOHA
Self-Check
Assessing HAZUS-MH Models
Strengths of HAZUS-MH
Limitations of HAZUS-MH
Self-Check
Additional Models
Fire Modeling
Evacuation Modeling
Drought Modeling
Self-Check
Evaluating Hazard Models
Self-Check
Summary
Key Terms
Summary Questions
Review Questions
Applying This Chapter
You Try It
Warning Systems: Alerting the Public to Danger
Introduction
Warning Systems
Self-Check
Detection and Management
Case Study: Detection at a Local Level
National Weather Service
Case Study: Detection at a National Level
Self-Check
Issuing Warnings
Technical Issues
Organizational Issues
Societal Issues
Self-Check
Types of Warning Systems
Sirens
The Emergency Alert System (EAS)
Barriers to Warnings
Case Study: Evacuating the Area during a Nuclear Disaster
Self-Check
Response
Case Study: Response to Hurricane Katrina
Self-Check
Summary
Key Terms
Summary Questions
Review Questions
Applying This Chapter
You Try It
Operational Problems and Technology: Making Technology Work for You
Introduction
Examining Barriers in Implementing Technology in Emergency Management
Self-Check
Creating Successful Emergency Management Organizations
The Contingency Approach
Managing an Organization
Self-Check
Using Technology to Overcome Organizational Boundaries
Self-Check
Pitfalls of Technology
Reliance on Technology
Obsolescence
Information Overload
Data Integration
Real-Time Response Data
Security
Self-Check
Managing Technology
Self-Check
Summary
Key Terms
Summary Questions
Review Questions
Applying This Chapter
You Try It
Trends in Technology: New Tools for the Challenges of Emergency Management
Introduction
Using Technology for Information Exchange
Emergency Preparedness Information Exchange (EPIX)
Television and Internet Information
Digital Libraries and Publications
Distance Learning
Self-Check
Using Remote Technology: Modeling, Mapping and Decision Support Systems at a Distance
Wildfire and Earthquake Situational Maps: Using a National and International Approach
Applying Technology in Hurricane Katrina: A Case Example
Self-Check
Managing the Technology
Self-Check
Summary
Key Terms
Summary Questions
Review Questions
Applying This Chapter
You Try It
Bibliography
Glossary
Index
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