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Corrosion and Corrosion Control An Introduction to Corrosion Science and Engineering

ISBN-10: 0471732796
ISBN-13: 9780471732792
Edition: 4th 2007
List price: $140.00
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Description: Providing a thorough introduction to corrosion science and engineering, Corrosion and Corrosion Control, Fourth Edition uses a quantitative approach (including basic equations-explained and derived-and illustrative problems) to discuss the basic  More...

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Book details

List price: $140.00
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/21/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 512
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.090

Providing a thorough introduction to corrosion science and engineering, Corrosion and Corrosion Control, Fourth Edition uses a quantitative approach (including basic equations-explained and derived-and illustrative problems) to discuss the basic thermodynamic and electrochemical principles that cause corrosion and treats practical corrosion problems and methods of protection and prevention. To reflect the advances in the time since the Third edition, this Fourth Edition places a greater emphasis on environmental issues (like contamination potential of corrosion inhibitors) and introduces new topics like the corrosion of nanomaterials and the element of risk management in corrosion engineering and control.

Preface
Definition and Importance of Corrosion
Definition of Corrosion
Corrosion Science and Corrosion Engineering
Importance of Corrosion
Risk Management
Causes of Corrosion
Change in Gibbs Free Energy
Pilling-Bedworth Ratio
References
General References
Problems
Electrochemical Mechanisms
The Dry-Cell Analogy and Faraday's Law
Definition of Anode and Cathode
Types of Cells
Types of Corrosion Damage
References
General References
Problems
Thermodynamics: Corrosion Tendency and Electrode Potentials
Change of Gibbs Free Energy
Measuring the Emf of a Cell
Calculating the Half-Cell Potential-The Nernst Equation
The Hydrogen Electrode and the Standard Hydrogen Scale
Convention of Signs and Calculation of Emf
Measurement of pH
The Oxygen Electrode and Differential Aeration Cell
The Emf and Galvanic Series
Liquid Junction Potentials
Reference Electrodes
Calomel Reference Electrode
Silver-Silver Chloride Reference Electrode
Saturated Copper-Copper Sulfate Reference Electrode
References
General References
Problems
Answers to Problems
Thermodynamics: Pourbaix Diagrams
Basis of Pourbaix Diagrams
Pourbaix Diagram for Water
Pourbaix Diagram for Iron
Pourbaix Diagram for Aluminum
Pourbaix Diagram for Magnesium
Limitations of Pourbaix Diagrams
References
General References
Problems
Answers to Problem
Kinetics: Polarization and Corrosion Rates
Polarization
The Polarized Cell
How Polarization Is Measured
Calculation of IR Drop in an Electrolyte
Causes of Polarization
Hydrogen Overpotential
Polarization Diagrams of Corroding Metals
Influence of Polarization on Corrosion Rate
Calculation of Corrosion Rates from Polarization Data
Anode-Cathode Area Ratio
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
Theory of Cathodic Protection
References
General References
Problems
Answers to Problems
Passivity
Definition
Characteristics of Passivation and the Flade Potential
Behavior of Passivators
Passivation of Iron by HNO[subscript 3]
Anodic Protection and Transpassivity
Theories of Passivity
More Stable Passive Films with Time
Action of Chloride Ions and Passive-Active Cells
Critical Pitting Potential
Critical Pitting Temperature
Passivity of Alloys
Nickel-Copper Alloys
Other Alloys
Effect of Cathodic Polarization and Catalysis
References
General References
Problems
Answers to Problems
Iron and Steel
Introduction
Aqueous Environments
Effect of Dissolved Oxygen
Effect of Temperature
Effect of pH
Effect of Galvanic Coupling
Effect of Velocity on Corrosion in Natural Waters
Effect of Dissolved Salts
Metallurgical Factors
Varieties of Iron and Steel
Effects of Composition
Effect of Heat Treatment
Steel Reinforcements in Concrete
References
General References
Problems
Answers to Problems
Effect of Stress
Cold Working
Stress-Corrosion Cracking
Iron and Steel
Mechanism of Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Steel and Other Metals
Electrochemical Dissolution
Film-Induced Cleavage
Adsorption-Induced Localized Slip
Stress Sorption
Initiation of Stress-Corrosion Cracking and Critical Potentials
Rate of Crack Growth (Fracture Mechanics)
Hydrogen Damage
Mechanism of Hydrogen Damage
Effect of Metal Flaws
Radiation Damage
Corrosion Fatigue
Critical Minimum Corrosion Rates
Remedial Measures
Mechanism of Corrosion Fatigue
Fretting Corrosion
Mechanism of Fretting Corrosion
Remedial Measures
References
General References
Problems
Answers to Problems
Atmospheric Corrosion
Introduction
Types of Atmospheres
Corrosion-Product Films
Factors Influencing Corrosivity of the Atmosphere
Particulate Matter
Gases in the Atmosphere
Moisture (Critical Humidity)
Remedial Measures
References
General References
Problems
Corrosion in Soils
Introduction
Factors Affecting the Corrosivity of Soils
Bureau of Standards Tests
Pitting Characteristics
Stress-Corrosion Cracking
Remedial Measures
References
General References
Oxidation
Introduction
Initial Stages
Thermodynamics of Oxidation: Free Energy-Temperature Diagram
Protective and Nonprotective Scales
Three Equations of Oxidation
Wagner Theory of Oxidation
Oxide Properties and Oxidation
Galvanic Effects and Electrolysis of Oxides
Hot Ash Corrosion
Hot Corrosion
Oxidation of Copper
Internal Oxidation
Reaction with Hydrogen ("Hydrogen Disease")
Oxidation of Iron and Iron Alloys
Life Test for Oxidation-Resistant Wires
Oxidation-Resistant Alloys
Reactive Element Effect (REE)
Chromium-Iron Alloys
Chromium-Aluminum-Iron Alloys
Nickel and Nickel Alloys
Furnace Windings
References
General References
Problems
Answers to Problems
Stray-Current Corrosion
Introduction
Sources of Stray Currents
Quantitative Damage by Stray Currents
Detection of Stray Currents
Soil-Resistivity Measurement
Means for Reducing Stray-Current Corrosion
References
General References
Problems
Answers to Problems
Cathodic Protection
Introduction
Brief History
How Applied
Sacrificial Anodes
Combined Use with Coatings
Magnitude of Current Required
Anode Materials and Backfill
Overprotection
Criteria of Protection
Potential Measurements
Doubtful Criteria
Position of Reference Electrode
Economics of Cathodic Protection
Anodic Protection
References
General References
Problems
Answers to Problems
Metallic Coatings
Methods of Application
Classification of Coatings
Specific Metal Coatings
Nickel Coatings
Lead Coatings
Zinc Coatings
Cadmium Coatings
Tin Coatings
Chromium-Plated Steel for Containers
Aluminum Coatings
References
General References
Inorganic Coatings
Vitreous Enamels
Portland Cement Coatings
Chemical Conversion Coatings
References
General References
Organic Coatings
Introduction
Paints
Requirements for Corrosion Protection
Metal Surface Preparation
Cleaning All Dirt, Oils, and Greases from the Surface
Complete Removal of Rust and Mill Scale
Applying Paint Coatings
Wash Primer
Painting of Aluminum and Zinc
Filiform Corrosion
Theory of Filiform Corrosion
Plastic Linings
References
General References
Inhibitors and Passivators
Introduction
Passivators
Mechanism of Passivation
Applications of Passivators
Pickling Inhibitors
Applications of Pickling Inhibitors
Slushing Compounds
Vapor-Phase Inhibitors
Inhibitor to Reduce Tarnishing of Copper
References
General References
Treatment of Water and Steam Systems
Deaeration and Deactivation
Hot- and Cold-Water Treatment
Cooling Waters
Boiler-Water Treatment
Boiler Corrosion
Boiler-Water Treatment for Corrosion Control
Mechanisms
References
General References
Alloying for Corrosion Resistance; Stainless Steels
Introduction
Stainless Steels
Brief History
Classes and Types
Intergranular Corrosion
Pitting and Crevice Corrosion
Stress-Corrosion Cracking and Hydrogen Cracking
Cracking of Sensitized Austenitic Alloys in Polythionic Acids
Galvanic Coupling and General Corrosion Resistance
References
General References
Copper and Copper Alloys
Copper
Corrosion in Natural Waters
Copper Alloys
Copper-Zinc Alloys (Brasses)
Dealloying/Dezincification
Stress-Corrosion Cracking (Season Cracking)
Condenser Tube Alloys Including Copper-Nickel Alloys
References
General References
Problems
Answers to Problems
Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
Aluminum
Clad Alloys
Corrosion in Water and Steam
Effect of pH
Corrosion Characteristics
Galvanic Coupling
Aluminum Alloys
Stress-Corrosion Cracking
References
General References
Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys
Introduction
Magnesium
Magnesium Alloys
Stress-Corrosion Cracking
Coatings
Summary
References
General References
Nickel and Nickel Alloys
Introduction
Nickel
Nickel Alloys
General Behavior
Ni-Cu System: Alloy 400-70% Ni, 30% Cu
Ni-Cr-Fe System: Alloy 600-76% Ni, 16% Cr, 7% Fe
Ni-Mo System: Alloy B-60% Ni, 30% Mo, 5% Fe
Ni-Cr-Fe-Mo-Cu System: Alloy G-Ni, 22% Cr, 20% Fe, 6.5% Mo, 2% Cu
Ni-Cr-Mo System: Alloy C-54% Ni, 15% Cr, 16% Mo, 4% W, 5% Fe
Ni-Fe-Cr System: Alloy 825-Ni, 31% Fe, 22% Cr
References
General References
Cobalt and Cobalt Alloys
Introduction
Cobalt Alloys
References
General References
Titanium
Titanium
Titanium Alloys
Pitting and Crevice Corrosion
Intergranular Corrosion and Stress-Corrosion Cracking
References
General References
Problem
Zirconium
Introduction
Zirconium Alloys
Behavior in Hot Water and Steam
References
General References
Tantalum
Introduction
Corrosion Behavior
References
General Reference
Lead
Introduction
Corrosion Behavior of Lead and Lead Alloys
Lead-Acid Battery
Summary
References
General References
Appendix
Activity and Activity Coefficients of Strong Electrolytes
Derivation of Stern-Geary Equation for Calculating Corrosion Rates from Polarization Data Obtained at Low Current Densities
The General Equation
Derivation of Equation Expressing the Saturation Index of a Natural Water
Derivation of Potential Change along a Cathodically Protected Pipeline
Derivation of the Equation for Potential Drop along the Soil Surface Created by Current Entering or Leaving a Buried Pipe
Derivation of the Equation for Determining Resistivity of Soil by Four-Electrode Method
Derivation of the Equation Expressing Weight Loss by Fretting Corrosion
Conversion Factors
Additional Conversion Factors
Current Density Equivalent to a Corrosion Rate of 1 gmd
Standard Potentials
Notation and Abbreviations
References
Index

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