Metal Fatigue in Engineering

ISBN-10: 0471510599

ISBN-13: 9780471510598

Edition: 2nd 2000 (Revised)

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This long awaited updated version of a classic text offers new material inlcluding a new chapter covering reliability and statistical aspects in fatigue and a new appendix containing lists and contacts for commercial software.
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Book details

List price: $160.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/3/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 496
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.958
Language: English

RALPH I. STEPHENS is Professor of Mechanical Engineering at The University of Iowa in Iowa City. ALI FATEMI is Professor of Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering at The University of Toledo in Ohio. ROBERT R. STEPHENS is Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at The University of Idaho in Moscow, Idaho. The late HENRY O. FUCHS was Professor, and then Professor Emeritus, at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California.

Preface
Biographical Sketches
Introduction and Historical Overview
Mechanical Failure Modes
Importance of Fatigue Considerations in Design
Historical Overview of Fatigue
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
Biographical Sketches
References
Problems
Fatigue Design Methods
Strategies in Fatigue Design
The In-House Tool
The New Model
The New Product
Design to Code
Fatigue Design Criteria
Infinite-Life Design
Safe-Life Design
Fail-Safe Design
Damage-Tolerant Design
Analysis and Testing
Probabilistic Design and Reliability
CAE and Digital Prototyping
In-Service Inspection and Acquisition of Relevant Experience
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Macro/Micro Aspects of Fatigue of Metals
Fatigue Fracture Surfaces and Macroscopic Features
Fatigue Mechanisms and Microscopic Features
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Fatigue Tests and the Stress-Life (S-N) Approach
Fatigue Loading, Test Machines, and Specimens
Fatigue Loading
Fatigue Test Machines
Fatigue Test Specimens
Stress-Life (S-N) Curves
General S-N Behavior
Fatigue Limit Under Fully Reversed Uniaxial Stressing
Mean Stress Effects on S-N Behavior
Factors Influencing S-N Behavior
Microstructure
Size Effects
Surface Finish
Frequency
S-N Curve Representation and Approximations
Example of Life Estimation Using the S-N Approach
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Cyclic Deformation and the Strain-Life ([varepsilon]-N) Approach
Monotonic Tension Test and Stress-Strain Behavior
Strain-Controlled Test Methods
Cycle-Dependent Material Deformation and Cyclic Stress-Strain Behavior
Strain-Based ([varepsilon]-N) Approach to Life Estimation
Determination of Strain-Life Fatigue Properties
Mean Stress Effects
Surface Finish and Other Factors Influencing Strain-Life Behavior
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Fundamentals of Lefm and Applications to Fatigue Crack Growth
Lefm Concepts
Loading Modes
Stress Intensity Factor, K
K Expressions for Common Cracked Members
Superposition for Combined Mode I Loading
Crack Tip Plastic Zone
Fracture Toughness--K[subscript c], K[subscript Ic]
Fatigue Crack Growth, da/dN-[Detta]K
Sigmoidal da/dN-[Detta]K Curve
Constant Amplitude Fatigue Crack Growth Test Methods
da/dN-[Detta]K for R = 0
Crack Growth Life Integration Example with No Mean Stress Effects
Mean Stress Effects
Cyclic Plastic Zone Size
Crack Closure
Small Fatigue Cracks and Lefm Limitations
Plasticity Extension of Lefm and Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Notches and Their Effects
Concentrations and Gradients of Stress and Strain
S-N Approach for Notched Members
Notch Sensitivity and the Fatigue Notch Factor, K[subscript f]
Effects of Stress Level on Notch Factor
Mean Stress Effects and Haigh Diagrams
Example of Life Estimation with the S-N Approach
Notch Strain Analysis and the Strain-Life Approach
Notch Stresses and Strains
Neuber's Rule
Strain Energy Density or Glinka's Rule
Plane Stress versus Plane Strain
Example of Life Estimation Using the Strain-Life Approach
Applications of Fracture Mechanics to Crack Growth at Notches
The Two-Stage Approach to Fatigue Life Estimation
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Residual Stresses and Their Effects on Fatigue Resistance
Examples
Production of Residual Stresses and Fatigue Resistance
Mechanical Methods
Thermal Methods
Plating
Machining
Relaxation of Residual Stresses
Measurement of Residual Stresses
Stress Intensity Factors for Residual Stresses
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Fatigue from Variable Amplitude Loading
Spectrum Loads and Cumulative Damage
Damage Quantification and the Concepts of Damage Fraction and Accumulation
Cumulative Damage Theories
Palmgren-Miner Linear Damage Rule
Nonlinear Damage Theories
Load Interaction and Sequence Effects
Cycle Counting Methods
Rainflow Method
Other Cycle Counting Methods
Life Estimation Using the Stress-Life Approach
Life Estimation Using the Strain-Life Approach
Crack Growth and Life Estimation Models
Simulating Service Histories in the Laboratory and Digital Prototyping
Laboratory Test Methods
Digital Prototyping
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Multiaxial Stresses
States of Stress and Strain and Proportional versus Nonproportional Loading
Yielding and Plasticity in Multiaxial Fatigue
Stress-Based Criteria
Equivalent Stress Approaches
Sines Method
Examples Using the Stress-Life Approach
Strain-Based, Energy-Based, and Critical Plane Approaches
Strain-Based and Energy-Based Approaches
Critical Plane Approaches and the Fatemi-Socie Model
Example of Nonproportional Loading
Fracture Mechanics Models for Fatigue Crack Growth
Notch Effects and Variable Amplitude Loading
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Environmental Effects
Corrosion Fatigue
Stress Corrosion Cracking/Environment-Assisted Cracking
Stress-Life (S-N) Behavior
Strain-Life ([varepsilon]-N) Behavior
Fatigue Crack Growth (da/dN-[Delta]K) Behavior
Protection Against Corrosion Fatigue
Corrosion Fatigue Life Estimation
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
Fretting Fatigue
Mechanisms of Fretting Fatigue
Influence of Variables
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
Low-Temperature Fatigue
Monotonic Behavior at Low Temperatures
Stress-life (S-N) Behavior
Strain-life ([varepsilon]-N) Behavior
Fatigue Crack Growth (da/dN-[Delta]K) Behavior
Variable Amplitude Behavior and Fatigue Life Estimation
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
High-Temperature Fatigue
Creep Deformation
Stress-Strain Behavior Under Cyclic Loading and Hold Times
Stress-life (S-N) Creep Behavior
Strain-life ([varepsilon]-N) Behavior
Fatigue Crack Growth (da/dN-[Delta]K) Behavior
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
Neutron Irradiation
References
Problems
Fatigue of Weldments
Weldment Nomenclature and Discontinuities
Constant Amplitude Fatigue Behavior of Weldments
Stress-Life (S-N) Behavior
Strain-Life ([varepsilon]-N) Behavior
Crack Growth (da/dN-[Delta]K) Behavior
Spot Welds
Improving Weldment Fatigue Resistance
Weldment Fatigue Life Estimation
General Weldment Fatigue Life Models
Weldment Fatigue Design Codes and Standards
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Statistical Aspects of Fatigue
Definitions and Quantification of Data Scatter
Probability Distributions
Normal and Log-Normal Distributions
Weibull Distributions
Estimating Low Probabilities of Failure
Tolerance Limits
Regression Analysis of Fatigue Data
Reliability Analysis
Example Problem Using the Weibull Distribution
Summary
Dos and Don'ts in Design
References
Problems
Material Properties
Monotonic Tensile Properties and Fully Reversed, Bending Unnotched Fatigue Limits, S[subscript f], of Selected Engineering Alloys
Monotonic, Cyclic, and Strain-Life Properties of Selected Engineering Alloys
Plane Strain Fracture Toughness, K[subscript Ic], for Selected Engineering Alloys (Plate Stock, L-T Direction Unless Otherwise Specified)
Fatigue Crack Growth Threshold, [Delta]Kth, for Selected Engineering Alloys
Corrosion Fatigue Behavior in Water or Salt Water for Life [greater than or equal] 10[superscript 7] Cycles for Selected Engineering Alloys
Author Index
Subject Index
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