Engineering and Chemical Thermodynamics

ISBN-10: 0471385867

ISBN-13: 9780471385868

Edition: 2004

List price: $240.95 Buy it from $0.51
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Description:

This is a conceptually based text that will provide the reader with a solid foundation in chemical thermodynamics. While being accessible, it will also be rigorous enough to provide the basis for more advanced treatises.
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Book details

List price: $240.95
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 11/12/2003
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 580
Size: 8.50" wide x 10.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.684
Language: English

Measured Thermodynamic Properties And Other Basic Concepts
Learning Objectives
Thermodynamics
Preliminary Concepts-The Language of Thermo
Measured Thermodynamic Properties
Volume (Extensive or Intensive)
Temperature (intensive)
Pressure (intensive)
Equilibrium
Independent and Dependent Thermodynamic Properties
The PvT Surface and Its Projections for Pure Substances
Thermodynamic Property Tables
The Ideal Gas
Summary
Problems
The First Law Of Thermodynamics
Learning Objectives
The First Law of Thermodynamics
Forms of Energy
Work and Heat: Transfer of Energy Between the System and the Surroundings
Construction of Hypothetical Paths
Reversible and Irreversible Processes
The First Law of Thermodynamics for Closed Systems
Integral Balances
Differential Balances
The First Law of Thermodynamics for Open Systems
Thermochemical Data for U and H
Heat Capacity: c[subscript v] and c[subscript P]
Latent Heats
Enthalpy of Reactions
Reversible Processes in Closed Systems
Reversible, Isothermal Expansion (Compression)
Adiabatic Expansion (Compression) with Constant Heat Capacity
Summary
Open-System Energy Balances on Process Equipment
Thermodynamic Cycles and the Carnot Cycle
Summary
Problems
Entropy And The Second Law Of Thermodynamic
Learning Objectives
Directionality of Processes/Spontaneity
Reversible and Irreversible Processes (Revisited) and Their Relationship to Directionality
Entropy, the Thermodynamic Property
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Other Common Statements of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
The Second Law of Thermodynamics for Closed and Open Systems
Calculation of [Delta]s for Closed Systems
Calculation of [Delta]s for an Open Systems
Calculation of [Delta]s for an Ideal Gas
The Mechanical Energy Balance and the Bernoulli Equation
Vapor-Compression Power and Refrigeration Cycles
The Rankine Cycle
The Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle
Molecular View of Entropy
Maximizing Molecular Configurations over Space
Maximizing Molecular Configurations over Energy
Summary
Problems
Equations Of State And Intermolecular Forces
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Motivation
The Ideal Gas
Intermolecular Forces
Internal (Molecular) Energy
Attractive Forces
Intermolecular Potential Functions and Repulsive Forces
Principle of Corresponding States
Chemical Forces
Equations of State
The Van Der Waals Equation of State
Cubic Equations of State
The Virial Equation of State
Equations of State for Liquids and Solids
Generalized Compressibility Charts
Determination of Parameters for Mixtures
Summary
Problems
The Thermodynamic Web
Learning Objectives
Types of Thermodynamic Properties
Thermodynamic Property Relationships
Dependent and Independent Properties
Fundamental Property Relations
Maxwell Relations
Other Useful Mathematical Relations
Using the Thermodynamic Web to Access Reported Data
Calculation of [Delta]s, [Delta]u, and [Delta]h Using Equations of State
Relation of ds in Terms of Independent Variables T and v and Independent Variables T and P
Relation of du in Terms of Independent Variables T and v
Relation of dh in Terms of Independent Variables T and P
Departure Functions
Joule-Thomson Expansion and Liquefication
Summary
Problems
Phase Equilibria I: Problem Formulation
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Pure Species Phase Equilibrium
Gibbs Energy as a Criterion for Chemical Equilibrium
Roles of Energy and Entropy in Phase Equilibria
The Relationship Between Saturation Pressure and Temperature: The Clapeyron Equation
Pure Component Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium: The Clausius-Clapeyron Equation
Thermodynamics of Mixtures
Introduction
Partial Molar Properties
The Gibbs-Duhem Equation
Summary of the Different Types of Thermodynamic Properties
Property Changes of Mixing
Determination of Partial Molar Properties
Relations Among Partial Molar Quantities
Multicomponent Phase Equilibria
The Chemical Potential-The Criteria for Chemical Equilibrium
Temperature and Pressure Dependence of [mu subscript i]
Summary
Problems
Phase Equilibria II: Fugacity
Learning Objectives
Introduction
The Fugacity
Definition of Fugacity
Other Forms of Fugacity
Criteria for Chemical Equilibria in Terms of Fugacity
Fugacity in the Vapor Phase
Fugacity and Fugacity Coefficient of Pure Gases
Fugacity and Fugacity Coefficient of Species i in a Gas Mixture
The Lewis Fugacity Rule
Property Changes of Mixing for Ideal Gases
Fugacity in the Liquid Phase
Reference States for the Liquid Phase
Thermodynamic Relations Between [gamma subscript i]
Models for [gamma subscript i] Using g[superscript E]
Equation of State Approach to the Liquid Phase
Fugacity in the Solid Phase
Pure Solids
Solid Solutions
Interstitials and Vacancies in Crystals
Summary
Problems
Phase Equilibria III: Phase Diagrams
Learning Objectives
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE)
Raoult's Law (Ideal Gas and Ideal Solution)
Nonideal Liquids
Azeotropes
Fitting Activity Coefficient Models with VLE Data
Solubility of Gases in Liquids
Liquid([alpha])-Liquid([beta]) Equilibrium: LLE
Vapor-Liquid([alpha])-Liquid([beta]) Equilibrium: VLLE
Solid-Liquid and Solid-Solid Equilibrium: SLE and SSE
Pure Solids
Solid Solutions
Colligative Properties
Summary
Problems
Chemical Reaction Equilibria
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Chemical Reaction and Gibbs Energy
Equilibrium for a Single Reaction
Calculation of K from Thermochemical Data
Calculation of K from Gibbs Energy of Formation
The Temperature Dependence of K
Relationship Between the Equilibrium Constant and the Concentrations of Reacting Species
The Equilibrium Constant for a Gas-Phase Reaction
The Equilibrium Constant for a Liquid-Phase (or Solid-Phase) Reaction
The Equilibrium Constant for a Heterogeneous Reaction
Equilibrium in Electrochemical Systems
Multiple Reactions
Extent of Reaction and Equilibrium Constant for R Reactions
Gibbs Phase Rule for Chemically Reacting Systems
Solution of Multiple Reaction Equilibria by Minimization of Gibbs Energy
Reaction Equilibria of Point Defects in Crystalline Solids
Atomic Defects
Electronic Defects
Effect of Gas Partial Pressure on Defect Concentrations
Summary
Problems
Physical Property Data
Critical Constants, Acentric Factors, and Antoine Coefficients
Heat Capacity Data
Enthalpy and Gibbs Energy of Formation at 298 K and 1 bar
Steam Tables
Saturated Water: Temperature Table
Saturated Water: Pressure Table
Saturated Water: Solid-Vapor
Superheated Water Vapor
Subcooled Liquid Water
Lee-Kesler Generalized Correlation Tables
Values for z[superscript (0)]
Values for z[superscript (1)]
Values for [characters not reproducible]
Values for [characters not reproducible]
Values for [characters not reproducible]
Values for [characters not reproducible]
Values for log[phi superscript (0)]
Values for log [phi superscript (1)]
Unit Systems
Common Dimensions Used in Termodynamics and Their Associated Units
Conversion Between Gaussian and SI Units
ThermoSolver Software
Software Description
Corresponding States using the Lee-Kesler Equation of State
References
Sources of Thermodynamic Data
Textbooks and Monographs
Index
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