Manual of Mineral Science

ISBN-10: 0471251771
ISBN-13: 9780471251774
Edition: 22nd 2002 (Revised)
List price: $164.95
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Description: Originally established in 1848, the Manual of Mineralogy now includes a CD-ROM tutorial that explores the crystal and physical properties of minerals in a highly visual manner. The text has been thoroughly updated with reference to the CD-ROM.

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Book details

List price: $164.95
Edition: 22nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 5/4/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 656
Size: 9.00" wide x 11.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.696
Language: English

Originally established in 1848, the Manual of Mineralogy now includes a CD-ROM tutorial that explores the crystal and physical properties of minerals in a highly visual manner. The text has been thoroughly updated with reference to the CD-ROM.

Introduction
The Study of Minerals as Part of Earth Science
Mineral Science
Definition of Mineral
History of Mineralogy
Economic Importance of Minerals
Naming of Minerals
References and Literature of Mineralogy
References and Selected Reading
Physical Properties of Minerals in Hand Specimen
Crystal Form and Crystal Habit
Intergrowths, Twins, and Striations
State of Aggregation
Luster, Color, and Streak
Luster
Color
Streak
Other Properties Depending on Light
Play of Colors
Chatoyancy and Asterism
Luminescence
Fluorescence and Phosphorescence
Cleavage, Parting, and Fracture
Cleavage
Parting
Fracture
Hardness
Tenacity
Specific Gravity
Average Specific Gravity
Determination of Specific Gravity
Magnetism
Radioactivity
Solubility in HCI
Piezoelectricity
References and Selected Reading
Elements of Crystal Chemistry
Chemical Composition of the Earth's Crust
The Atom
Chemical Elements and the Periodic Table
The Bohr Model of the Atom
The Schrodinger Model of the Atom
Electron Configuration and the Periodic Table
The Ion
Bonding Forces in Crystals
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Estimation of the Character of the Bonding Mechanism
Metallic Bond
Van der Waals Bond
Hydrogren Bond
Crystals with More than One Bond Type
Atomic and Ionic Radii
Coordination of Ions
Radius Ratio
Pauling's Rules
Crystal Structure
Illustration of Crystal Structures
Isostructuralism
Examples of Common Structure Types
NaCl Structure
CsCl Structure
Sphalerite (ZnS) Structure
CaF[subscript 2] Structure
Rutile (TiO[subscript 2]) Structure
Perovskite (ABO[subscript 3]) Structure
Spinel (AB[subscript 2]O[subscript 4]) Structure
Silicate Structures
Compositional Variation in Minerals
Substitutional Solid Solution
Interstitial Solid Solution
Omission Solid Solution
Recalculation of Chemical Analyses
Graphic Representation of Mineral Composition
References and Selected Reading
Mineral Reactions, Stability, and Behavior
Crystallization
Crystal Growth
Intergrowth of Crystals
Mineral Reactions
Reactions in an Igneous Regime
Reactions Under Metamorphic Conditions
Reactions in a Weathering Environment
Ultrahigh-Pressure Reactions
Mineral Stability
Phase Diagrams
Stability, Activation Energy, and Equilibrium
Components
Introductory Thermodynamics
Examples of Mineral Stability (Phase) Diagrams
One-Component Diagrams
Two-Component Diagrams
Three-or More-Component Diagrams
Diagrams for Mineral Reactions Involving H[subscript 2]O or CO[subscript 2]
Eh-pH Diagrams
Polymorphic Reactions
Reconstructive Polymorphism
Displacive Polymorphism
Otder-Disorder Polymorphism
Polytypism
Exsolution Processes
Metamict Minerals
Mineraloids (Noncrystalline Minerals)
Pseudomorphism
Structural Complexities and Defects
Twinning
Origin of Twinning
Origin of Color
Crystal Field Transitions
Molecular Orbital Transitions
Color Centers
Other Causes of Color
Origin of Magnetic Properties
Origin of Radioactivity
References and Selected Reading
Overview of Crystallographic Concepts
From Symmetry Operations to Space Groups
Minerals as Crystalline Solids
Internal Order
Symmetry
Crystals and Specific Symmetry Elements
Symmetry Elements (Without Translation)
Combinations of Rotations
Combinations of Rotation Axes and Mirrors
Resume of Symmetry Operations Without Translation
Crystal Morphology
Crystal Symmetry
Crystallographic Axes
Crystallographic Notation for Planes
Crystal Habit
Form
Some Common Twins
Types of Twins
Common Twin Laws
The Internal Order and Symmetry of Minerals
Translations Directions and Distances
One-Dimensional Order (Rows)
Two-Dimensional Order (Plane Lattices)
Symmetry Content of Planar Motifs
Symmetry Content of Plane Lattices
Two-Dimensional Plane Groups
Three-Dimensional Order
Space Groups
References and Selected Reading
Bilateral Symmetry in Humans and Architecture
Patterns in Our Environment
Selected Point Groups and Space Groups
Measurement of Crystal Angles
Crystal Projections
Spherical Projection
Stereographic Projection
Nineteen of the Thirty-Two Point Groups
Triclinic System
Monoclinic System
Orthorhombic System
Tetragonal System
Hexagonal System
Isometric System
Representation of Some Space Groups
Illustration of Space Groups
Space Groups as an Expression of Morphology and Structure
References and Selected Reading
Analytical Methods in Mineral Science
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
Optical Microscopy
Nature of Light
Isotropic and Anisotropic Crystals
The Polarizing Microscope
Uniaxial Crystals
Biaxial Crystals
Optical Properties of Opaque Minerals
X-Ray Diffraction Techniques (XRD)
X-Ray Spectra
Diffraction Effects and the Bragg Equation
Single-Crystal X-Ray Diffraction and Structure Analysis
X-Ray Powder Diffraction and Mineral Identification
Transmission Electron Microcopy (TEM)
Chemical Analytical Techniques
Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (FAA)
X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis (XRF)
Electron Microprobe Analysis (EMPA)
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS)
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)
References and Selected Reading
Crystal Chemistry and Systematic Descriptions of Native Elements, Sulfides, and Sulfosalts
Mineral Classification
Crystal Chemistry of Native Elements, Sulfides, and Sulfosalts
Native Elements
Sulfides
Sulfosalts
Systematic Descriptions
Native Metals
Native Nonmetals
Sulfides, Sulfarsenides, and Arsenides
Sulfosalts
References and Selected Reading
Diamond Synthesis
Veins and Vein Mineralization
Sulfide Minerals as Ores and as Mining-Related Contaminants
Crystal Chemistry and Systematic Descriptions of Oxides, Hydroxides, and Halides
Crystal Chemistry of Oxides
Crystal Chemistry of Hydroxides
Crystal Chemistry of Halides
Systematic Descriptions
Oxides
Hydroxides
Halides
References and Selected Reading
Ore Minerals for the Steel Industry
Evaporite Minerals
Crystal Chemistry and Systematic Descriptions of Carbonates, Nitrates, Borates, Sulfates, Chromates, Tungstates, Molyboates, Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Crystal Chemistry of Carbonates
Calcite Group
Aragonite Group
Dolomite Group
Crystal Chemistry of Nitrates
Crystal Chemistry of Borates
Crystal Chemistry of Sulfates
Crystal Chemistry of Tungstates and Molybdates
Crystal Chemistry of Phosphates, Arsenates, and Vanadates
Systematic Descriptions
Carbonates
Nitrates
Borates
Sulfates and Chromates
Tungstates and Molybdates
Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
References and Selected Reading
The Source of Chemicals in Fertilizers
Crystal Chemistry of Rock-Forming Silicates
Nesosilicates
Sorosilicates
Cyclosilicates
Inosilicates
Pyroxene Group
Pyroxenoid Group
Amphibole Group
Phyllosilicates
Tectosilicates
SiO[subscript 2] Group
Feldspar Group
Feldspathoid Group
Zeolite Group
References and Selected Reading
Systematic Descriptions of Rock-Forming Silicates
Nesosilicates
Phenacite Group
Olivine Group
Garnet Group
Al[subscript 2]SiO[subscript 5] Group
Humite Group
Sorosilicates
Epidote Group
Cyclosilicates
Inosilicates
Pyroxene Group
Pyroxenoid Group
Amphibole Group
Phyllosilicates
Serpentine Group
Clay Mineral Group
Mica Group
Chlorite Group
Related Species
Tectosilicates
SiO[subscript 2] Group
Feldspar Group
Feldspathoid Group
Scapolite Series
Zeolite Group
References and Selected Reading
The Two Most Common Rock Types: Basalt and Granite
Clay Minerals and some of Their Applications
Mineral Dust in the Environment
Minerals in Pegmatites
Zeolites and their Many Unique Properties
Gem Minerals
Gem Minerals
Gem Qualifications
Types of Gem Cuts
The Early Uses of Gems
Important Gems--Yesterday and Today
Diamond
Beryl
Ruby and Sappire
Opal
Jade
Chrysoberyl
Topaz
Tourmaline
Quartz
Turquoise
Garnet
Zircon
Olivine
Gem Properties and Instruments for Their Determination
Physical Properties
Instruments for Studying Gems
Synthesis of Gem Materials
Verneuil Process
Czochralski Process
Flux Growth
Hydrothermal Growth
Treatment of Gemstones
Dyeing
Heat Treatment
Irradiation
Synthetic and Treated Gems
Beryl
Chrysoberyl
Corundum (Ruby and Sapphire)
Diamond
Jade
Opal
Quartz
Rutile
Spinel
Turquoise
Manufactured Gem Materials Without Natural Counterparts
Garnet
Strontium Titanate, SrTiO[subscript 3]
Cubic Zirconia
References and Selected Reading
Determinative Tables
General Classification of the Tables
Luster--Metallic or Submetallic
Luster--Nonmetallic
Minerals Arranged by Several Physical Properties
Minerals Arranged According to Increasing Specific Gravity
Nonopaque Minerals and Some Synthetic Compounds Arranged According to Increasing Refractive Index
Mineral Index
Subject Index

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