Introduction to Biomedical Imaging

ISBN-10: 0471237663
ISBN-13: 9780471237662
Edition: 2003
Authors: Andrew G. Webb
List price: $189.00
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Description: Conveys the fundamentals and applications of four medical imaging techniques - magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, nuclear medicine and X-ray computed tomography.

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Book details

List price: $189.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/26/2002
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 264
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Conveys the fundamentals and applications of four medical imaging techniques - magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, nuclear medicine and X-ray computed tomography.

ANDREW WEBB, PhD, is a faculty member in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Dr. Webb has contributed to many areas of magnetic resonance imaging including developments in radiofrequency coil design, feedback control of thermal processes, techniques for localized spectroscopy, and functional brain mapping. He was awarded a Whitaker Foundation Research Award and a National Science Foundation Career Award in 1997, a Wolfgang-Paul Prize from the Alexander von Humbolt Foundation in 2001, and Xerox and Willett awards for young faculty in 2002. He is a Senior Member of the IEEE.

Preface
Acknowledgments
X-Ray Imaging and Computed Tomography
General Principles of Imaging with X-Rays
X-Ray Production
The X-Ray Source
X-Ray Tube Current, Tube Output, and Beam Intensity
The X-Ray Energy Spectrum
Interactions of X-Rays with Tissue
Coherent Scattering
Compton Scattering
The Photoelectric Effect
Linear and Mass Attenuation Coefficients of X-Rays in Tissue
Instrumentation for Planar X-Ray Imaging
Collimators
Antiscatter Grids
Intensifying Screens
X-Ray Film
Instrumentation for Computed and Digital Radiography
X-Ray Image Characteristics
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
Spatial Resolution
Contrast-to-Noise Ratio
X-Ray Contrast Agents
X-Ray Imaging Methods
X-Ray Angiography
X-Ray Fluoroscopy
Dual-Energy Imaging
Clinical Applications of X-Ray Imaging
Mammography
Abdominal X-Ray Scans
Computed Tomography
Scanner Instrumentation
Detectors for Computed Tomography
Image Processing for Computed Tomography
Preprocessing Data Corrections
The Radon Transform and Backprojection Techniques
Fan-Beam Reconstructions
Iterative Algorithms
Spiral/Helical Computed Tomography
Multislice Spiral Computed Tomography
Radiation Dose
Clinical Applications of Computed Tomography
Cerebral Scans
Pulmonary Disease
Abdominal Imaging
Exercises
Further Reading
Nuclear Medicine
General Principles of Nuclear Medicine
Radioactivity
The Production of Radionuclides
Types of Radioactive Decay
The Technetium Generator
The Biodistribution of Technetium-Based Agents within the Body
Instrumentation: The Gamma Camera
Collimators
The Scintillation Crystal and Coupled Photomultiplier Tubes
The Anger Position Network and the Pulse Height Analyzer
Image Characteristics
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
Spatial Resolution
Contrast-to-Noise Ratio
Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography
Instrumentation for SPECT
Scatter and Attenuation Correction
Image Reconstruction
Clinical Applications of Nuclear Medicine
Brain Imaging
Bone Scanning and Tumor Detection
Cardiac Imaging
The Respiratory System
The Liver and Reticuloendothelial System
Renal Imaging
Positron Emission Tomography
General Principles
Radionuclides Used for PET
Instrumentation for PET
Image Reconstruction
Image Characteristics
Multislice and Three-Dimensional PET Imaging
Clinical Applications of PET
Exercises
Further Reading
Ultrasonic Imaging
General Principles of Ultrasonic Imaging
Wave Propagation and Characteristic Acoustic Impedance
Wave Reflection and Refraction
Energy Loss Mechanisms in Tissue
Absorption
Scattering
Attenuation
Instrumentation
Single-Crystal Transducers
Transducer Arrays
Beam Forming and Time-Gain Compensation
Diagnostic Scanning Modes
A-Mode, M-Mode, and B-Mode Scans
Three-Dimensional Imaging
Artifacts in Ultrasonic Imaging
Image Characteristics
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
Spatial Resolution
Contrast-to-Noise Ratio
Compound Imaging
Blood Velocity Measurements Using Ultrasound
The Doppler Effect
Continuous Wave Doppler Measurements
Pulsed-Mode Doppler Measurements
Color Doppler/B-Mode Duplex Imaging
Time-Domain Correlation/Color Velocity Imaging
Ultrasound Contrast Agents, Harmonic Imaging, and Pulse Inversion Techniques
Safety and Bioeffects in Ultrasonic Imaging
Clinical Applications of Ultrasound
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Breast Imaging
Musculoskeletal Structure
Cardiac Disease
Exercises
Further Reading
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
General Principles of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Nuclear Magnetism
Quantum Mechanical Description
Classical Description
Radiofrequency Pulses and the Rotating Reference Frame
Spin-Lattice and Spin-Spin Relaxation
Measurement of T[subscript 1] and T[subscript 2]: Inversion Recovery and Spin-Echo Sequences
Signal Demodulation, Digitization, and Fourier Transformation
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Slice Selection
Phase-Encoding
Frequency-Encoding
The k-Space Formalism
Instrumentation
Magnet Design
Magnetic Field Gradient Coils
Radiofrequency Coils
Imaging Sequences
Spin-Echo Imaging Sequences
T[subscript 1]- and T[subscript 2]-Weighted Imaging Sequences
Multislice Imaging
Rapid Gradient-Echo Sequences and Three-Dimensional Imaging
Echo-Planar Imaging
Spiral Imaging
Image Characteristics
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
Spatial Resolution
Contrast-to-Noise Ratio
MRI Contrast Agents
Paramagnetic Agents
Superparamagnetic Agents
Magnetic Resonance Angiography
Time-of-Flight Methods
Phase-Contrast Methods
Diffusion-Weighted Imaging
In Vivo Localized Spectroscopy
Functional MRI
Clinical Applications of MRI
Brain
Liver and the Reticuloendothelial System
Musculoskeletal System
Cardiac System
Exercises
Further Reading
General Image Characteristics
Introduction
Spatial Resolution
The Point Spread Function
Resolution Criteria
The Line Spread Function and Edge Spread Function
The Modulation Transfer Function
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
The Poisson Distribution
Signal Averaging
Contrast-to-Noise Ratio
Image Filtering
The Receiver Operating Curve
The Fourier Transform
Introduction
Fourier Transformation of Time-Domain
Useful Properties of the Fourier Transform
Backprojection and Filtered Backprojection
Introduction
Backprojection
Filtered Backprojection
Abbreviations
Index

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