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Elements of Modern X-Ray Physics

ISBN-10: 0470973943
ISBN-13: 9780470973943
Edition: 2nd 2011
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Description: Eagerly awaited, this second edition of a best-selling text comprehensively describes from a modern perspective the basics of x-ray physics as well as the completely new opportunities offered by synchrotron radiation. Written by internationally  More...

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Book details

Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 3/25/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 434
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.75" long x 0.85" tall
Weight: 2.046
Language: English

Eagerly awaited, this second edition of a best-selling text comprehensively describes from a modern perspective the basics of x-ray physics as well as the completely new opportunities offered by synchrotron radiation. Written by internationally acclaimed authors, the style of the book is to develop the basic physical principles without obscuring them with excessive mathematics. The second edition differs substantially from the first edition, with over 30% new material, including: A new chapter on non-crystalline diffraction - designed to appeal to the large community who study the structure of liquids, glasses, and most importantly polymers and bio-molecules A new chapter on x-ray imaging - developed in close cooperation with many of the leading experts in the field Two new chapters covering non-crystalline diffraction and imaging Many important changes to various sections in the book have been made with a view to improving the exposition Four-colour representation throughout the text to clarify key concepts Extensive problems after each chapter Praise for the previous edition: "The publication of Jens Als-Nielsen and Des McMorrow's Elements of Modern X-ray Physics is a defining moment in the field of synchrotron radiation... a welcome addition to the bookshelves of synchrotron-radiation professionals and students alike.... The text is now my personal choice for teaching x-ray physics..." - Physics Today, 2002

Preface
Preface to the first edition
Acknowledgements from the first edition
Notes on the use of this book
X-rays and their interaction with matter
X-rays: waves and photons
Scattering
Absorption
Refraction and reflection
Coherence
Magnetic interactions
Further reading
Sources
Early history and the X-ray tube
Introduction to synchrotron radiation
Synchrotron radiation from a circular arc
Undulator radiation
Wiggler radiation
Free-electron lasers
Compact light sources
Coherence volume and photon degeneracy
Further reading
Exercises
Refraction and reflection from interfaces
Refraction and phase shift in scattering
Refractive index and scattering length density
Refractive index including absorption
Snell's law and the Fresnel equations in the X-ray region
Reflection from a homogeneous slab
Specular reflection from multilayers
Reflectivity from a graded interface
Rough interfaces and surfaces
Examples of reflectivity studies
X-ray optics
Further reading
Exercises
Kinematical scattering I: non-crystalline materials
Two electrons
Scattering from an atom
Scattering from a molecule
Scattering from liquids and glasses
Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)
Further reading
Exercises
Kinematical scattering II: crystalline order
Scattering from a crystal
Quasiperiodic structures
Crystal truncation rods
Lattice vibrations, the Debye-Waller factor and TDS
The measured intensity from a crystallite
Applications of kinematical diffraction
Further reading
Exercises
Diffraction by perfect crystals
One atomic layer: reflection and transmission
Kinematical reflection from a few layers
Darwin theory and dynamical diffraction
The Darwin reflectivity curve
DuMond diagrams
Further reading
Exercises
Photoelectric absorption
X-ray absorption by an isolated atom
EXAFS and near-edge structure
X-ray dichroism
ARPES
Further reading
Exercises
Resonant scattering
The forced charged oscillator model
The atom as an assembly of oscillators
The Kramers-Kronig relations
Numerical estimate of f'
Breakdown of Friedel's law and Bijvoet pairs
The phase problem in crystallography
Quantum mechanical description
Further reading
Exercises
Imaging
Introduction
Absorption contrast imaging
Phase contrast imaging
Coherent diffraction imaging
Holography
Further reading
Exercises
Scattering and absorption cross-sections
Classical electric dipole radiation
Quantization of the electromagnetic field
Gaussian statistics
Fourier transforms
Comparison of X-rays with neutrons
MATLAB� computer programs
Answers to exercises and hints
Bibliography
Index

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