Mid-Latitude Atmospheric Dynamics A First Course

ISBN-10: 0470864656

ISBN-13: 9780470864654

Edition: 2006

List price: $99.95
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Description: Suitable for atmospheric science majors, this book features real weather examples and global case studies. Each chapter sets out clear learning objectives and tests students' knowledge with concluding questions and answers.

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Book details

List price: $99.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 6/16/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 336
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.452
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction and Review of Mathematical Tools
Objectives
Fluids and the nature of fluid dynamics
Review of useful mathematical tools
Elements of vector calculus
The Taylor series expansion
Centered difference approximations to derivatives
Temporal changes of a continuous variable
Estimating with scale analysis
Basic kinematics of fluids
Pure vorticity
Pure divergence
Pure stretching deformation
Pure shearing deformation
Mensuration
Selected references
Problems
Solutions
Fundamental and Apparent Forces
Objectives
The fundamental forces
The pressure gradient force
The gravitational force
The frictional force
Apparent forces
The centrifugal force
The Coriolis force
Selected references
Problems
Solutions
Mass, Momentum, and Energy: The Fundamental Quantities of the Physical World
Objectives
Mass in the Atmosphere
The hypsometric equation
Conservation of momentum: The equations of motion
The equations of motion in spherical coordinates
Conservation of mass
Conservation of energy: The energy equation
Selected references
Problems
Solutions
Applications of the Equations of Motion
Objectives
Pressure as a vertical coordinate
Potential temperature as a vertical coordinate
The thermal wind balance
Natural coordinates and balanced flows
Geostrophic flow
Inertial flow
Cyclostrophic flow
Gradient flow
The relationship between trajectories and streamlines
Selected references
Problems
Solutions
Circulation, Vorticity, and Divergence
Objectives
The Circulation theorem and its physical interpretation
Vorticity and potential vorticity
The relationship between vorticity and divergence
The quasi-geostrophic system of equations
Selected references
Problems
Solutions
The Diagnosis of Mid-Latitude Synoptic-Scale Vertical Motions
Objectives
The nature of the ageostrophic wind: Isolating the acceleration vector
Sutcliffe's expression for net ageostrophic divergence in a column
Another perspective on the ageostrophic wind
The Sutcliffe development theorem
The quasi-geostrophic omega equation
The Q-vector
The geostrophic paradox and its resolution
A natural coordinate version of the Q-vector
The along- and across-isentrope components of Q
Selected references
Problems
Solutions
The Vertical Circulation at Fronts
Objectives
The structural and dynamical characteristics of mid-latitude fronts
Frontogenesis and vertical motions
The semi-geostrophic equations
Upper-level frontogenesis
Precipitation processes at fronts
Selected references
Problems
Solutions
Dynamical Aspects of the Life Cycle of the Mid-Latitude Cyclone
Objectives
Introduction: The polar front theory of cyclones
Basic structural and energetic characteristics of the cyclone
The cyclogenesis stage: The QG tendency equation perspective
The cyclogenesis stage: The QG omega equation perspective
The cyclogenetic influence of diabatic processes: Explosive cyclogenesis
The post-mature stage: Characteristic thermal structure
The post-mature stage: The QG dynamics of the occluded quadrant
The Decay Stage
Selected references
Problems
Solutions
Potential Vorticity and Applications to Mid-Latitude Weather Systems
Objectives
Potential vorticity and isentropic divergence
Characteristics of a positive PV anomaly
Cyclogenesis from the PV perspective
The influence of diabatic heating on PV
Additional applications of the PV perspective
Piecewise PV inversion and some applications
A PV perspective on occlusion
A PV perspective on leeside cyclogenesis
The effects of PV superposition and attenuation
Selected references
Problems
Solutions
Virtual Temperature
Bibliography
Index
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