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GIS and Crime Mapping

ISBN-10: 0470860995
ISBN-13: 9780470860991
Edition: 2005
List price: $100.95 Buy it from $55.99
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Description: GIS & Crime covers the theoretical principles, data processing solutions, partnership working, analytical methods, problem-solving approaches, and map design for GIS and crime in a manner that underpins GIS application use in three broad areas  More...

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Book details

List price: $100.95
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 7/22/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 442
Size: 5.75" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.430
Language: English

GIS & Crime covers the theoretical principles, data processing solutions, partnership working, analytical methods, problem-solving approaches, and map design for GIS and crime in a manner that underpins GIS application use in three broad areas (operational, tactical and strategic). The book also includes short case studies at relevant sections to help demonstrate how the principles and concepts are essential for successful application development. These case studies bring a richness and depth to the text and draw from the authors' international contacts and knowledge of excellence in the field to offer a global tone to the book. The authors are well-placed to write the leading text on GIS and crime. Spencer Chainey is a leading consultant and academic at the Jill Dando Crime Research Institute, and current vice-president of the AGI, and his experience is complemented by Jerry Ratcliffe, an academic in police studies in Australia and a former PC and crime analyst with the London Metropolitan Police Force. Case studies provide further insight into specific issues of interest to readers. Provides readers with a complete start-to-finish coverage of crime mapping: fundamental theory of mapping and criminology, scientific methodologies, analysis and design techniques, and applications. Incorporates global examples and case studies from international contributors to demonstrate best and worst practice

Acknowledgements
Introduction
The geography of crime
A brief history of GIS and crime mapping
Using GIS in policing and to prevent crime
The audience for this book
The content and structure of the book
Putting it all in perspective
Case study: Crime mapping in Lincoln, Nebraska
Further reading
References
Mapping and the Criminal Justice Environment
Learning Objectives
Introduction
The terminology of services in the criminal justice environment
The spatial hierarchy of the criminal justice system and crime reduction services
Case study: Policing across the spatial hierarchy in the UK - The National Intelligence Model
The geographical jurisdiction of law enforcement and crime reduction services
The use of crime mapping in law enforcement and crime reduction
Case study: Using GIS to monitor the effect of alley-gating schemes
Summary
Further reading
References
The Basics of Crime Mapping
Learning Objectives
What is a GIS?
How does a GIS work?
GIS files
Coordinate systems and projections
Getting crime data into a GIS
Case study: Using GPS technology to capture environmental crime incidents in North London, England
Geocoding in the real world
Address data cleaning
Address reference files
Case study: Geocoding crime data at the point of record entry in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
Geocoding Functions
Geocoding and fitness for purpose
Measuring geocoding accuracy
Case study: Handling uncertainty and incompleteness in crime records
Mapping and unreported crime data
Editing data in a GIS
Performing queries on data in a GIS
Performing spatial functions and integrating data in a GIS
Asking spatial questions before mapping or analysing data
Summary
Further reading
References
Spatial Theories of Crime
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Early environmental criminology
The space and time of offences
Offender-offence interaction
Spatial crime theory in practice
Summary
Further reading
References
Spatial Statistics for Crime Analysis
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Spatial processes
Centrographic statistics
Estimates of spatial dependence
Case study: The application of Moran's I on burglary at the state level in the United States of America
Spatial regression models
Case study: A spatial lag model of anonymous narcotics tips in Philadelphia, USA
Case study: Local spatial processes with Geographically Weighted Regression
Summary
Further reading
References
Identifying Crime Hotspots
Learning Objectives
Introduction
When is a hotspot 'hot'?
Point maps
Geographic boundary thematic mapping
Grid thematic mapping
Continuous surface smoothing methods
Case study: Mapping hotspots of thefts of vehicles in Camden, London
Local Indicators of Spatial Association (LISA) statistics
Considering the underlying population
Case study: Identifying street crime risk hotspots in the West End of London using pedestrian counts
Predictive crime mapping
Summary
Further reading
References
Mapping Crime with Local Community Data
Learning Objectives
Introduction
What are crime reduction partnerships?
Mapping and the benefits of partnership working
Case study: Comparing the perception of where crime happens with where crime actually happens
Partnership data
Case study: Crime And Disorder Information Exchange (CADDIE), Sussex, England
Information sharing
Case study: The Amethyst Crime and Disorder Information Hub, Cornwall, England
Combining data from different geographic units
Summary
Further reading
References
Mapping and Analysing Change Over Time
Learning Objectives
Introduction
The timeline
Temporal resolution and querying a temporal database
Comparing two distributions
Mapping temporal change with graphs
Using animation
Quantifying change over time
Aoristic analysis
Case study: Aoristic analysis of vehicle crime in Sydney's Eastern Suburbs
Summary
Further reading
References
Mapping for Operational Police Activities
Learning Objectives
Introduction
CompStat
Case study: CompStat mapping in the Philadelphia Police Department
Case study: CompStat from a management perspective
Intelligence products in the UK
Repeat victimisation
The hotspot matrix
Case study: A street crime hotspot matrix
Summary
Further reading
References
Tactical and Investigative Crime Mapping Applications
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Understanding offenders
The journey to crime
Case study: The journey to crime and the 'self-containment index'
Geographic profiling
Case study: Geographic profile for Operation Lynx
Using maps as evidence
Case study: Using maps as evidence in a murder trial in Florida
Detecting offenders through their self-selection
Case study: Self-selection of offenders through illegal parking in disabled parking bays
Summary
Further reading
References
Policing the Causes of Crime
Learning Objectives
Introduction - the level of strategic crime control
Policing for crime reduction
Case study: Supporting strategic crime analysis in London, England
Analysing the underlying drivers of crime
The geography of neighbourhood studies
Case study: Street corner geography for street corner problems?
Summary
Further reading
References
Crime Map Cartography
Learning Objectives
Introduction - the purpose of the map
Design considerations
Visual variables and colour
Thematic maps of areal data
Thematic maps of point data
Getting away from paper: The digital age
Summary
Further reading
References
The Management and Organisation of Crime Mapping Services
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Implementing crime mapping
Understanding the role of crime analysis
Case study: Crime mapping and analysis in the Glendale Police Department, Arizona
Organising the production of crime mapping products
Case study: Project Spectrom - a new operational policing model for West Midlands Police, England
Case study: The importance of management to support crime analysis
Summary
Further reading
References

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