Psychology of Interrogations and Confessions A Handbook

ISBN-10: 0470844612
ISBN-13: 9780470844618
Edition: 2002
List price: $109.95 Buy it from $45.00
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Description: This volume, a sequel to The Psychology of Interrogations, Confessions and Testimony which is widely acclaimed by both scientists and practitioners, brings the field completely up-to-date and focuses in particular on aspects of vulnerability,  More...

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Book details

List price: $109.95
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/6/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 706
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.596
Language: English

This volume, a sequel to The Psychology of Interrogations, Confessions and Testimony which is widely acclaimed by both scientists and practitioners, brings the field completely up-to-date and focuses in particular on aspects of vulnerability, confabulation and false confessions. The is an unrivalled integration of scientific knowledge of the psychological processes and research relating to interrogation, with the practical investigative and legal issues that bear upon obtaining, and using in court, evidence from interrogations of suspects. Accessible style which will appeal to academics, students and practitioners Authoritative integration of theory, research, practical implications and vivid case illustration Coverage of topical issues like confabulation, false memory, and false confessions Part of the Wiley Series in The Psychology of Crime, Policing and Law

About the Author
Series Preface
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction
Interrogations and Confessions
Interrogation Tactics and Techniques
Police Training Manuals
The Reid Technique
The Format and Recording of the Confession
The Context of the Interrogation
American Research on Interrogation
How Things Can Go Wrong During Interrogation
Conclusions
Interrogation in Britain
Irving's Studies
Softley's Study
Walsh's Study
Research at the University of Kent
Baldwin's Study
British Training Manuals
Conclusions
Persons at Risk During Interviews in Police Custody: the Royal Commission Studies
The 1993 Royal Commission Study by Gudjonsson and Colleagues
Who Confesses?
Detainees' Legal Rights
General Conclusions
The Identification and Measurement of 'Oppressive' Police Interviewing Tactics in Britain.
Background to the Research
The Cases Analysed
Methodology
Interview Tactics
Suspects' Responses
Methodological Issues
Statistical Procedures
Application of the Framework to Individual Cases
The Heron Murder Case
The Miller Murder Case
Court Outcome
Conclusions
Why do Suspects Confess? Theories
Factors Inhibiting Confession
Theoretical Models of Confession
Conclusions
Why do Suspects Confess? Empirical Findings
How Important are Confessions?
How Commonly do Suspects Confess?
Factors Associated with Admissions and Denials
Self-Report Studies into Why Suspects Confess
Conclusions
Miscarriages of Justice and False Confessions
Miscarriages of Justice
Studies of Miscarriages of Justice
The Leo-Ofshe Study
Some Notorious British Cases
Conclusions
The Psychology of False Confession: Research and Theoretical Issues
Definitions of False Confession
The Frequency of False Confessions
False, Retracted and Disputed Confessions
The Innocent Pleading Guilty
The Broader Context of False Confessions
The Causes of False Confessions
Theoretical Implications of the Different Types of False Confession
The Ofshe--Leo Model of Confessions
Differences between True and False Confessions
A Proposed Modified Framework
Recovered Memory and False Confession
Conclusions
The Psychology of False Confession: Case Examples
Voluntary False Confessions
Pressured--Compliant False Confessions
Pressured--Internalized False Confessions
Conclusions
Legal and Psychological Aspects
The English Law on Confessions
The Admissibility and Reliability of Confession Evidence
The Voire Dire
Issues Affecting Vulnerable Defendants
The Admissibility of Expert Evidence
Conclusions
The American Law on Confessions
The Basic Law of Confessions
Voluntariness and Mentally Vulnerable Suspects
Challenging a Confession in Court
Differences between English and American Law and Practice
Conclusions
The Psychological Assessment
The Assessment Framework
Psychological Vulnerabilities
Learning Disability as a Vulnerability
The Court Report and Oral Evidence
Conclusions
Suggestibility: Historical and Theoretical Aspects
Theoretical Approaches
Some Characteristics of Suggestion and Suggestibility
Brief Historical Background to Suggestibility
The Classification of Suggestibility
Theories of Suggestibility
Reinforcement and Suggestibility
Suggestibility: a State or a Trait?
Definition of Interrogative Suggestibility
The Gudjonsson-Clark Theoretical Model
Implications of the Model and Hypotheses
External Evaluation of the Model
Conclusions
Interrogative Suggestibility: Empirical Findings
The Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales
Suggestibility and Hypnotic Susceptibility
Compliance
Acquiescence
Correlations between Suggestibility, Compliance and Acquiescence
Suggestibility and Gender
Suggestibility and Ethnic Background
Suggestibility and Age
Suggestibility and Intelligence
Suggestibility and Memory
Suggestibility and Anxiety
Suggestibility and Impulsivity
Suggestibility and the MMPI-2
Suggestibility and Sleep Deprivation
Suggestibility: Dissociation and Fantasy Proneness
Suggestibility and Instructional Manipulation
Suggestibility and the Experimenter Effect
Suggestibility and Social Desirability
Suggestibility and Coping Strategies
Suggestibility and Assertiveness
Suggestibility and Self-Esteem
Suggestibility and Locus of Control
Suggestibility and Field Dependence
Suspiciousness and Anger
Suggestibility and Test Setting
Suggestibility and Previous Convictions
Police Interviewing and Suggestibility
Resisters and Alleged False Confessors
Suggestibility and False Confessions
Suggestibility and Eyewitness Testimony
Suggestibility and Recovered Memory
Conclusions
The Effects of Drugs and Alcohol Upon the Reliability of Testimony
The Extent of the Problem
Theoretical Perspectives
The Effects of Intoxication and Withdrawal
The Effects of Alcohol Withdrawal on Interrogative Suggestibility
False Confessions to Murder by a Heroin Addict
Conclusions
British Court of Appeal Cases
The Court of Appeal
The Beginning of Expert Psychological Testimony
Conclusions
The 'Guildford Four' and the 'Birmingham Six'
The Guildford Four
The Birmingham Six
Conclusions
Psychological Vulnerability
Engin Raghip--The Beginning: Landmark Decision for Psychology
Jacqueline Fletcher--Unidentified Borderline Intelligence
Judith Ward--Personality Disorder
David MacKenzie--Inability to Distinguish Facts from Fantasy
Idris Ali--Pathological Lying
George Long--Clinical Depression
Patrick Kane--Anxiety and Compliance
Andrew Evans--Misdiagnosed Psychogenic Amnesia
John Roberts--Abnormal Compliance
Ashley King--Abnormal Suggestibility and Compliance
Darren Hall--Disorder in the Absence of a Psychiatric Diagnosis
Ian Hay Gordon--Exploitation of Sexuality
Peter Fell--Poor Self-Esteem
Conclusions
Police Impropriety
Stephen Miller
Alfred Allen (the 'UDR Four')
The Carl Bridgewater Case
Derek Bentley
Conclusions
Misleading Special Knowledge
Stefan Kiszko
The Darvell Brothers
Donald Pendleton
Conclusions
Foreign Cases of Disputed Confessions
Four High Profile American Cases
Waneta Hoyt
Joe Giarratano
Henry Lee Lucas
John Wille
General Conclusions
Canadian and Israeli Cases
A Canadian Case of Non-Custodial Interrogation
An Israeli Terrorist Case
General Conclusions
Murder in Norway: a False Belief Leading to a False Confession
Background to the Case
Pre-Trial (1997) Psychological Evaluation
The First Trial
The Psychological Evaluation Prior to the Appeal
Interviews with Informants
Mr A's Strengths and Vulnerabilities
The Interrogation and Confinement
Repression and Psychogenic Amnesia
The Appeal
Conclusions
Conclusions
General Comments and Conclusions
Interrogation
Psychological Vulnerability
True Confessions
Retracted and False Confessions
Appendix
References
Author Index
Subject Index

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