Hybrid Electric Vehicles Principles and Applications with Practical Perspectives

ISBN-10: 0470747730

ISBN-13: 9780470747735

Edition: 2011

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Description: Hybrid Electric Vehicles aims to help a new generation of engineers to master the principles of and further advance hybrid vehicle technology. It discusses hybrid vehicles, which include purely electric, hybrid electric, hybrid hydraulic, fuel cell vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric, and also off-road hybrid vehicular systems. The book focuses on the power and propulsion systems for these vehicles, including issues related to power and energy management. Topics covered include hybrid vs. pure electric, HEV system architecture (including plug-in & charging control and hydraulic), off-road and other industrial utility vehicles, safety and EMC, storage technologies, vehicular power and energy management, diagnostics and prognostics and electromechanical vibration issues. It avoids addressing in detail topics already available in other HEV related books, but concentrates on material that is not readily available elsewhere, such as design examples for hybrid vehicles, in order to enhance understanding of the principles of the new hybrid vehicle technology. It also covers new developments in the field including electronic CVT, plug-in hybrid, and new power converters and controls.

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Book details

Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 6/24/2011
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 468
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.090
Language: English

About the Authors
Sustainable Transportation
Population, Energy, and Transportation
Economic Growth
New Fuel Economy Requirement
A Brief History of HEVs
Why EVs Emerged and Failed in the 1990s, and What We Can Learn from It
Architectures of HEVs
Series HEVs
Parallel HEVs
Series-Parallel HEVs
Complex HEVs
Diesel Hybrids
Other Approaches to Vehicle Hybridization
Hybridization Ratio
Interdisciplinary Nature of HEVs
State of the Art of HEVs
The Toyota Prius
The Honda Civic
The Ford Escape
The Two-Mode Hybrid
Challenges and Key Technology of HEVs
The Invisible Hand-Government Support
Concept of Hybridization of the Automobile
Vehicle Basics
Constituents of a Conventional Vehicle
Vehicle and Propulsion Load
Drive Cycles and Drive Terrain
Basics of the EV
Why EV?
Constituents of an EV
Vehicle and Propulsion Loads
Basics of the HEV
Why HEV?
Constituents of a HEV
Basics of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
Constituents of a PHEV
Comparison between the HEV and PHEV
Basics of Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs)
Why FCV?
Constituents of a FCV
Some Issues Related to Fuel Cells
HEV Fundamentals
Vehicle Model
Vehicle Performance
EV Powertrain Component Sizing
Series Hybrid Vehicle
Parallel Hybrid Vehicle
Electrically Peaking Hybrid Concept
ICE Characteristics
Gradability Requirement
Selection of Gear Ratio from ICE to Wheel
Wheel Slip Dynamics
Advanced HEV Architectures and Dynamics of HEV Powertrain
Principle of Planetary Gears
Toyota Prius and Ford Escape Hybrid Powertrain
GM Two-Mode Hybrid Transmission
Operating Principle of the Two-Mode Powertrain
Mode 0: Vehicle Launch and Backup
Mode 1: Low Range
Mode 2: High Range
Mode 3: Regenerative Braking
Transition from Mode 0 to Mode 3
Dual-Clutch Hybrid Transmissions
Conventional DCT Technology
Gear Shift Schedule
DCT-Based Hybrid Powertrain
Operation of DCT-Based Hybrid Powertrain
Hybrid Transmission Proposed by Zhang et al.
Motor-Alone Mode
Combined Power Mode
Engine-Alone Mode
Electric CVT Mode
Energy Recovery Mode
Standstill Mode
Renault IVT Hybrid Transmission
Timken Two-Mode Hybrid Transmission
Mode 0: Launch and Reverse
Mode 1: Low-Speed Operation
Mode 2: High-Speed Operation
Mode 4: Series Operating Mode
Mode Transition
Tsai's Hybrid Transmission
Hybrid Transmission with Both Speed and Torque Coupling Mechanism
Toyota Highlander and Lexus Hybrid, E-Four-Wheel Drive
CAMRY Hybrid
Chevy Volt Powertrain
Dynamics of Planetary-Based Transmissions
Non-ideal Gears in the Planetary System
Dynamics of the Transmission
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Introduction to PHEVs
Blended PHEVs
Electricity for PHEV Use
PHEV Architectures
Equivalent Electric Range of Blended PHEVs
Fuel Economy of PHEVs
Well-to-Wheel Efficiency
PHEV Fuel Economy
Utility Factor
Power Management of PHEVs
PHEV Design and Component Sizing
Component Sizing of EREVs
Component Sizing of Blended PHEVs
HEV to PHEV Conversions
Replacing the Existing Battery Pack
Adding an Extra Battery Pack
Converting Conventional Vehicles to PHEVs
Other Topics on PHEVs
End-of-Life Battery for Electric Power Grid Support
Cold Start Emissions Reduction in PHEVs
Cold Weather/Hot Weather Performance Enhancement in PHEVs
PHEV Maintenance
Safety of PHEVs
Vehicle-to-Grid Technology
PHEV Battery Charging
Impact of G2V
The Concept of V2G
Advantages of V2G
Case Studies of V2G
Special Hybrid Vehicles
Hydraulic Hybrid Vehicles
Regenerative Braking in HHVs
Off-road HEVs
Diesel HEVs
Electric or Hybrid Ships, Aircraft, Locomotives
Other Industrial Utility Application Vehicles
Further Reading
HEV Applications for Military Vehicles
Why HEVs Can Be Beneficial to Military Applications
Ground Vehicle Applications
Architecture - Series, Parallel, Complex
Vehicles Which Are of Most Benefit
Non-ground Vehicle Military Applications
Electromagnetic Launchers
Hybrid-Powered Ships
Aircraft Applications
Dismounted Soldier Applications
Ruggedness Issues
Further Reading
Diagnostics, Prognostics, Reliability, EMC, and Other Topics Related to HEVs
Diagnostics and Prognostics in HEVs and EVs
Onboard Diagnostics
Prognostics Issues
Reliability of HEVs
Analyzing the Reliability of HEV Architectures
Reliability and Graceful Degradation
Software Reliability Issues
EMC Issues
Noise Vibration Harshness (NVH), Electromechanical, and Other Issues
End-of-Life Issues
Further Reading
Power Electronics in HEVs
Principle of Power Electronics
Rectifiers Used in HEVs
Ideal Rectifier
Practical Rectifier
Single-Phase Rectifier
Voltage Ripple
Buck Converter Used in HEVs
Operating Principle
Nonlinear Model
Non-isolated Bidirectional DC-DC Converter
Operating Principle
Maintaining Constant Torque Range and Power Capability
Reducing Current Ripple in the Battery
Regenerative Braking
Voltage Source Inverter
Current Source Inverter
Isolated Bidirectional DC-DC Converter
Basic Principle and Steady State Operations
Voltage Ripple
PWM Rectifier in HEVs
Rectifier Operation of Inverter
EV and PHEV Battery Chargers
Forward/Flyback Converters
Half-Bridge DC-DC Converter
Full-Bridge DC-DC Converter
Power Factor Correction Stage
Bidirectional Battery Chargers
Other Charger Topologies
Inductive Charging
Wireless Charging
Modeling and Simulation of HEV Power Electronics
Device-Level Simulation
System-Level Model
Emerging Power Electronics Devices
Circuit Packaging
Thermal Management of HEV Power Electronics
Electric Machines and Drives in HEVs
Induction Motor Drives
Principle of Induction Motors
Equivalent Circuit of Induction Motor
Speed Control of Induction Machine
Variable Frequency, Variable Voltage Control of Induction Motors
Efficiency and Losses of Induction Machine
Additional Loss in Induction Motors due to PWM Supply
Field-Oriented Control of Induction Machine
Permanent Magnet Motor Drives
Basic Configuration of PM Motors
Basic Principle and Operation of PM Motors
Magnetic Circuit Analysis of IPM Motors
Sizing of Magnets in PM Motors
Eddy Current Losses in the Magnets of PM Machines
Switched Reluctance Motors
Doubly Salient Permanent Magnet Machines
Design and Sizing of Traction Motors
Selection of A and B
Speed Rating of the Traction Motor
Determination of the Inner Power
Thermal Analysis and Modeling of Traction Motors
Batteries, Ultracapacitors, Fuel Cells, and Controls
Battery Characterization
Comparison of Different Energy Storage Technologies for HEVs
Modeling Based on Equivalent Electric Circuits
Battery Modeling
Battery Modeling Example
Modeling of Ultracapacitors
Battery Modeling Example for Hybrid Battery and Ultracapacitor
Battery Charging Control
Charge Management of Storage Devices
Flywheel Energy Storage System
Hydraulic Energy Storage System
Fuel Cells and Hybrid Fuel Cell Energy Storage System
Introduction to Fuel Cells
Fuel Cell Modeling
Hybrid Fuel Cell Energy Storage Systems
Control Strategy of Hybrid Fuel Cell Power System
Summary and Discussion
Modeling and Simulation of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
Fundamentals of Vehicle System Modeling
HEV Modeling Using ADVISOR
HEV Modeling Using PSAT
Physics-Based Modeling
Bond Graph and Other Modeling Techniques
Consideration of Numerical Integration Methods
HEV Component Sizing and Design Optimization
Global Optimization Algorithms for HEV Design
Simulated Annealing
Genetic Algorithms
Particle Swarm Optimization
Advantages/Disadvantages of Different Optimization Algorithms
Model-in-the-Loop Design Optimization Process
Parallel HEV Design Optimization Example
Series HEV Design Optimization Example
Control Framework of a series HEV Powertrain
Series HEV Parameter Optimization
Optimization Results
Vehicular Power Control Strategy and Energy Management
A Generic Framework, Definition, and Needs
Methodology to Implement
Methodologies for Optimization
Cost Function Optimization
Benefits of Energy Management
Further Reading
Commercialization and Standardization of HEV Technology and Future Transportation
What Is Commercialization and Why Is It Important for HEVs?
Advantages, Disadvantages, and Enablers of Commercialization
Standardization and Commercialization
Commercialization Issues and Effects on Various Types of Vehicles
Commercialization and Future of HEVs and Transportation
Further Reading
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