Desertification, Land Degradation and Sustainability

ISBN-10: 0470714492
ISBN-13: 9780470714492
Edition: 2011
Authors: Anton Imeson
List price: $45.00
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Description: Desertification offers a comprehensive overview of the subject and clearly emphasizes the link between local and global desertification processes and how past and current policy has affected arid environments and their populations. This text  More...

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Book details

List price: $45.00
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 12/23/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 344
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.144
Language: English

Desertification offers a comprehensive overview of the subject and clearly emphasizes the link between local and global desertification processes and how past and current policy has affected arid environments and their populations. This text adequately applies the research undertaken during the last 15 years on the topic. Desertification has become increasingly politicized and there is a need to present and explain the facts from a global perspective. This book tackles the issues surrounding desertification in a number of ways from differing scales (local to global), processes (physical to human), the relationship of desertification to current global development and management responses at different scales. Desertification has been mainstreamed and integrated into other areas of concern and has consequently been ignored as a cross cutting issue. The book redresses this balance. Making use of much original data and information that has been undertaken by many scientists and practitioners during the last decade in different parts of the world, Desertification, Land Degradation and Sustainability is organised according to the principles of adaptive management and hierarchy theory and clearly explains desertification within a framework of evolving and interacting physical and socio-economic systems. In addition to research data the book also draws from the National Action Plans of different countries, the IPCC Fourth Assessment on Climate Change and the Millennium assessments. Clearly structured throughout, the content of the book is organised at different scales; local, regional and global. It also specifically explains processes linking top-down and bottom- up interactions and has a strong human component. The historical, cultural and physical context is also stressed. Clearly organised into the following distinct sections; a) Concepts and processes b) Data c) Impacts d) Responses e) Case studies. This text is essential for anyone studying desertification as part of an earth and environmental science degree.

Preface
Acknowledgement
Introduction: Scope and approach
The Nature of Desertification
Desertification, its causes and why it matters
The nature of desertification
The links between global and local desertification
Discussion: desertification as a world-wide and historical phenomenon
Discussion: life and its feedback with the environment
Discussion: the adaptation of people and cultures to desertification
Discussion: Data and evidence for land degradation
Conclusion: why land degradation and desertification occur
References and further reading
Responses to desertification
Finding answers
Conclusion: The causes of land degradation today
Conclusion: strategies to mitigate desertification
References and further reading
Desertification indicators: from concept to practice
Introduction
Approaches to desertification indicators
Global and regional indicators of land degradation and desertification
Applying selected concepts in practice
Desertification, resilience and stability
The soil and water conservation and protection functions
Spatial variability and discontinuity
Hydrological indicators of desertification
Water in the soil and landscape
References and further reading
Local Desertification Impact and Response
Key processes regulating soil and landscape functions
Introduction
Fine scale processes
The provision of the hydrological function, runoff and sediment transport
The protection function of the land and erosion
The long-term impact: the vigil network sites in the USA
Hydrological response: what happens to the land when it rains
Water
Nature, natural capital and land degradation
Soil stability
Soil response and soil behaviour
Catchment response, hydrology and the soil
Discussion: vegetation patterns as responses to land degradation processes
Controlled desertification experiments
References and further reading
Human impact on degradation processes
Introduction
Soil erosion processes
Response of soil structure to cultivation and farming
Gully erosion
Grazing and erosion
The impact of fire on land degradation processes
Case 1: Blue Ridge Foothills
Case 2: Human impact in the Atlantic States
Case 3: Impact of forest logging in California Casper Creek
Case 4: Karuah Forest, New South Wales, Australia
Case 5: Afforestation in Spain
Case 6: Soil erosion impacts in Europe
Case 7: Human impact in the Central Cordillera of Columbia
Case 8: Bolivia Tarije
The sediment load and soil erosion
Monitoring methods to verify impact and management on erosion
Water resource development irrigation as responses
Soil conservation principles and erosion
Conceptual approaches to soil conservation
References and further reading
Responses to land degradation from perception to action
Introduction
Environmentally sensitive areas
The European policy, response, and governance
Applying the adaptive systems approach explicitly
Responding with laws to protect the land and soil
European law and the requirements of the convention
The European soil strategy
Romania: A model national action plan
Italy and the convention
References and further reading
Global Desertification Impact and Response
Global desertification today
Desertification today
Global balances and fluxes
Case study: desertification and the crash in property prices
Brazil
Namibia
Dust and sandstorms in China
References and further reading
Desertification, ecosystem services and capital
Introduction
Interactions between desertification and ecosystem services
The impact of desertification on ecosystem services
References and further reading
The way forward: global soil conservation and protection
Introduction
Iceland
The call for action
Europe
Support to the UNCCD
The importance of international co-operation
References and further reading
Soil basics
References and further reading
Index

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