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Fundamental Principles of Polymeric Materials

ISBN-10: 0470505427
ISBN-13: 9780470505427
Edition: 3rd 2012
List price: $146.95 Buy it from $77.99
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Description: Fundamental Principles of Polymeric Materials is an introduction to the field of polymers that balances chemistry, physics, and engineering applications. Updating the classic Second Edition (1993) that continues to find use in introductory polymer  More...

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Book details

List price: $146.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 5/2/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 432
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.376
Language: English

Fundamental Principles of Polymeric Materials is an introduction to the field of polymers that balances chemistry, physics, and engineering applications. Updating the classic Second Edition (1993) that continues to find use in introductory polymer courses, this revised edition focuses on new technologies that use polymers, new feedstocks, polymers derived from biological sources, new strategies for polymerizations, and analysis of polymers. Furthermore, this edition includes new homework problems and examples as well as new ideas and concepts, while remaining friendly to students new to the polymer field.

Preface
Preface to the Second Edition
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Problems
References
Polymer Fundamentals
Types of Polymers
Reaction to Temperature
Chemistry of Synthesis
Structure
Conclusions
Problems
Reference
Molecular Structure of Polymers
Types of Bonds
Bond Distances and Strengths
Bonding and Response to Temperature
Action of Solvents
Bonding and Molecular Structure
Stereoisomerism in Vinyl Polymers
Stereoisomerism in Diene Polymers
Summary
Problems
References
Polymer Morphology
Amorphous and Crystalline Polymers
The Effect of Polymer Structure, Temperature, and Solvent on Crystallinity
The Effect of Crystallinity on Polymer Density
The Effect of Crystallinity on Mechanical Properties
The Effect of Crystallinity on Optical Properties
Models for the Crystalline Structure of Polymers
Extended Chain Crystals
Liquid Crystal Polymers
Problems
References
Characterization of Molecular Weight
Introduction
Average Molecular Weights
Determination of Average Molecular Weights
Molecular Weight Distributions
Gel Permeation (or Size-Exclusion) Chromatography (GPC, SEC)
Summary
Problems
References
Thermal Transitions in Polymers
Introduction
The Glass Transition
Molecular Motions in an Amorphous Polymer
Determination of T<sup>g</sup>
Factors that Influence T<sup>g</sup>
The Effect of Copolymerization on T<sup>g</sup>
The Thermodynamics of Melting
The Metastable Amorphous State
The Influence of Copolymerization on Thermal Properties
Effect of Additives on Thermal Properties
General Observations about T<sup>g</sup> and T<sup>m</sup>
Effects of Crosslinking
Thermal Degradation of Polymers
Other Thermal Transitions
Problems
References
Polymer Solubility and Solutions
Introduction
General Rules for Polymer Solubility
Typical Phase Behavior in Polymer-Solvent Systems
The Thermodynamic Basis of Polymer Solubility
The Solubility Parameter
Hansen's Three-Dimensional Solubility Parameter
The Flory-Huggins Theory
Properties of Dilute Solutions
Polymer-Polmyer-Common Solvent Systems
Polymer Solutions, Suspensions, and Emulsions
Concentrated Solutions: Plasticizers
Problems
References
Polymer Synthesis
Step-Growth (Condensation) Polymerization
Introduction
Statistics of Linear Step-Growth Polymerization
Number-Average Chain Lengths
Chain Lengths on a Weight Basis
Gel Formation
Kinetics of Polycondensation
Problems
References
Free-Radical Addition (Chain-Growth) Polymerization
Introduction
Mechanism of Polymerization
Gelation in Addition Polymerization
Kinetics of Homogeneous Polymerization
Instantaneous Average Chain Lengths
Temperature Dependence of Rate and Chain Length
Chain Transfer and Reaction Inhibitors
Instantaneous Distributions in Free-Radical Addition Polymerization
Instantaneous Quantities
Cumulative Quantities
Relations Between Instantaneous and Cumulative Average Chain Lengths for a Batch Reactor
Emulsion Polymerization
Kinetics of Emulsion Polymerization in Stage II, Case 2
Summary
Problems
References
Advanced Polymerization Methods
Introduction
Cationic Polymerization
Anionic Polymerization
Kinetics of Anionic Polymerization
Group-Transfer Polymerization
Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization
Heterogeneous Stereospecific Polymerization
Grafted Polymer Surfaces
Summary
Problems
References
Copolymerization
Introduction
Mechanism
Significance of Reactivity Ratios
Variation of Composition with Conversion
Copolymerization Kinetics
Penultimate Effects and Charge-Transfer Complexes
Summary
Problems
References
Polymerization Practice
Introduction
Bulk Polymerization
Gas-Phase Olefin Polymerization
Solution Polymerization
Interfacial Polycondensation
Suspension Polymerization
Emulsion Polymerization
Summary
Problems
References
Polymer Properties
Rubber Elasticity
Introduction
Thermodynamics of Elasticity
Statistics of Ideal Rubber Elasticity
Summary
Problems
References
Introduction to Viscous Flow and the Rheological Behavior of Polymers
Introduction
Basic Definitions
Relations Between Shear Force and Shear Rate: Flow Curves
Time-Dependent Flow Behavior
Polymer Melts and Solutions
Quantitative Representation of Flow Behavior
Temperature Dependence of Flow Properties
Influence of Molecular Weight on Flow Properties
The Effects of Pressure on Viscosity
Viscous Energy Dissipation
Poiseuille Flow
Turbulent Flow
Drag Reduction
Summary .271
Problems
References
Linear Viscoelasticity
Introduction
Mechanical Models for Linear Viscoelastic Response
The Four-Parameter Model and Molecular Response
Viscous or Elastic Response? The Deborah Number
Quantitative Approaches to Model Viscoelasticity
The Boltzmann Superposition Principle
Dynamic Mechanical Testing
Summary
Problems
References
Polymer Mechanical Properties
Introduction
Mechanical Properties of Polymers
Axial Tensiometers
Viscosity Measurement
Dynamic Mechanical Analysis: Techniques
Time-Temperature Superposition
Summary
Problems
References
Polymer Processing and Performance
Processing
Introduction
Molding
Extrusion
Blow Molding
Rotational, Fluidized-Bed, and Slush Molding
Calendering
Sheet Forming (Thermoforming)
Stamping
Solution Casting
Casting
Reinforced Thermoset Molding
Fiber Spinning
Compounding
Lithography
Three-Dimensional (Rapid) Prototyping
Summary
Problems
References
Polymer Applications: Plastics and Plastic Additives
Introduction
Plastics
Mechanical Properties of Plastics
Contents of Plastic Compounds
Sheet Molding Compound for Plastics
Plastics Recycling
Problems
References
Polymer Applications: Rubbers and Thermoplastic Elastomers
Introduction
Thermoplastic Elastomers
Contents of Rubber Compounds
Rubber Compounding
References
Polymer Applications: Synthetic Fibers
Synthetic Fibers
Fiber Processing
Fiber Dyeing
Other Fiber Additives and Treatments
Effects of Heat and Moisture on Polymer Fibers
Polymer Applications: Surface Finishes and Coatings
Surface Finishes
Solventless Coatings
Electrodeposition
Microencapsulation
Problem
References
Polymer Applications: Adhesives
Adhesives
References
Index

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