Introduction to Fire Dynamics

ISBN-10: 0470319038
ISBN-13: 9780470319031
Edition: 3rd 2011
Authors: Dougal Drysdale
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Description: A new edition of the leading introduction to the science of fire phenomena, complete with the latest research, data and additional problems This book is unique in that it identifies fire science and fire dynamics and provides the scientific  More...

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Book details

Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 8/26/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 574
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

A new edition of the leading introduction to the science of fire phenomena, complete with the latest research, data and additional problems This book is unique in that it identifies fire science and fire dynamics and provides the scientific background necessary to the development of fire safety engineering as a professional discipline. It is essential reading for all involved in the field from fire safety engineering students to fire prevention officers. After 21 years as a bestseller, Dougal Drysdale's classic introduction has been brought up-to-date with the latest data and research in a third edition. Features numerical problems with answers illustrating the quantitative applications of the concepts presented. Includes quantitative experimental data regarding material properties. Successfully course-tested at Massachusetts' Worcester Polytechnic Institute and the University of Edinburgh, and widely adopted throughout the world. Of relevance to those working in building design, fire physics and chemistry.

About the Author
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the Third Edition
List of Symbols and Abbreviations
Fire Science and Combustion
Fuels and the Combustion Process
The Nature of Fuels
Thermal Decomposition and Stability of Polymers
The Physical Chemistry of Combustion in Fires
The Ideal Gas Law
Vapour Pressure of Liquids
Combustion and Energy Release
The Mechanism of Gas Phase Combustion
Temperatures of Flames
Problems
Heat Transfer
Summary of the Heat Transfer Equations
Conduction
Steady State Conduction
Non-steady State Conduction
Numerical Methods of Solving Time-dependent Conduction Problems
Convection
Radiation
Configuration Factors
Radiation from Hot Gases and Non-luminous Flames
Radiation from Luminous Flames and Hot Smoky Gases
Problems
Limits of Flammability and Premixed Flames
Limits of Flammability
Measurement of Flammability Limits
Characterization of the Lower Flammability Limit
Dependence of Flammability Limits on Temperature and Pressure
Flammability Diagrams
The Structure of a Premixed Flame
Heat Losses from Premixed Flames
Measurement of Burning Velocities
Variation of Burning Velocity with Experimental Parameters
Variation of Mixture Composition
Variation of Temperature
Variation of Pressure
Addition of Suppressants
The Effect of Turbulence
Problems
Diffusion Flames and Fire Plumes
Laminar Jet Flames
Turbulent Jet Flames
Flames from Natural Fires
The Buoyant Plume
The Fire Plume
Interaction of the Fire Plume with Compartment Boundaries
The Effect of Wind on the Fire Plume
Some Practical Applications
Radiation from Flames
The Response of Ceiling-mounted Fire Detectors
Interaction between Sprinkler Sprays and the Fire Plume
The Removal of Smoke
Modelling
Problems
Steady Burning of Liquids and Solids
Burning of Liquids
Pool Fires
Spill Fires
Burning of Liquid Droplets
Pressurized and Cryogenic Liquids
Burning of Solids
Burning of Synthetic Polymers
Burning of Wood
Burning of Dusts and Powders
Problems
Ignition: The Initiation of Flaming Combustion
Ignition of Flammable Vapour/Air Mixtures
Ignition of Liquids
Ignition of Low Flashpoint Liquids
Ignition of High Flashpoint Liquids
Auto-ignition of Liquid Fuels
Piloted Ignition of Solids
Ignition during a Constant Heat Flux
Ignition Involving a ‘Discontinuous’ Heat Flux
Spontaneous Ignition of Solids
Surface Ignition by Flame Impingement
Extinction of Flame
Extinction of Premixed Flames
Extinction of Diffusion Flames
Problems
Spread of Flame
Flame Spread Over Liquids
Flame Spread Over Solids
Surface Orientation and Direction of Propagation
Thickness of the Fuel
Density, Thermal Capacity and Thermal Conductivity
Geometry of the Sample
Environmental Effects
Flame Spread Modelling
Spread of Flame through Open Fuel Beds
Applications
Radiation-enhanced Flame Spread
Rate of Vertical Spread
Problems
Spontaneous Ignition within Solids and Smouldering Combustion
Spontaneous Ignition in Bulk Solids
Application of the Frank-Kamenetskii Model
The Thomas Model
Ignition of Dust Layers
Ignition of Oil – Soaked Porous Substrates
Spontaneous Ignition in Haystacks
Smouldering Combustion
Factors Affecting the Propagation of Smouldering
Transition from Smouldering to Flaming Combustion
Initiation of Smouldering Combustion
The Chemical Requirements for Smouldering
Glowing Combustion
Problems
The Pre-flashover Compartment Fire
The Growth Period and the Definition of Flashover
Growth to Flashover
Conditions Necessary for Flashover
Fuel and Ventilation Conditions Necessary for Flashover
Factors Affecting Time to Flashover
Factors Affecting Fire Growth
Problems
The Post-flashover Compartment Fire
Regimes of Burning
Fully Developed Fire Behaviour
Temperatures Achieved in Fully Developed Fires
Experimental Study of Fully Developed Fires in Single Compartments
Mathematical Models for Compartment Fire Temperatures
Fires in Large Compartments
Fire Resistance and Fire Severity
Methods of Calculating Fire Resistance
Projection of Flames from Burning Compartments
Spread of Fire from a Compartment
Problems
Smoke: Its Formation, Composition and Movement
Formation and Measurement of Smoke
Production of Smoke Particles
Measurement of Particulate Smoke
Methods of Test for Smoke Production Potential
The Toxicity of Smoke
Smoke Movement
Forces Responsible for Smoke Movement
Rate of Smoke Production in Fires
Smoke Control Systems
Smoke Control in Large Spaces
Smoke Control in Shopping Centres
Smoke Control on Protected Escape Routes
References
Answers to Selected Problems
Author Index
Subject Index

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