Strength and Conditioning Biological Principles and Practical Applications

ISBN-10: 0470019190
ISBN-13: 9780470019191
Edition: 2011
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Description: "I recommend that you read and use the information in this book to provide your athletes with the best chances of performing at their best" from the foreword by Sir Clive Woodward, Olympic Performance Director, British Olympic AssociationThis book  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 12/20/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 482
Size: 7.80" wide x 10.28" long x 0.98" tall
Weight: 2.288
Language: English

"I recommend that you read and use the information in this book to provide your athletes with the best chances of performing at their best" from the foreword by Sir Clive Woodward, Olympic Performance Director, British Olympic AssociationThis book provides the latest scientific and practical information in the field of strength and conditioning.The text is presented in four sections, the first of which covers the biological aspects of the subject, laying the foundation for a better understanding of the second on the biological responses to strength and conditioning programs. Section three deals with the most effective monitoring strategies for evaluating a training program and establishing guidelines for writing a successful strength and conditioning program. The final section examines the role of strength and conditioning as a rehabilitation tool and as applied to those with disabilities.This book is an invaluable textbook and reference both for academic programs and for the continuing education of sports professionals. Integrates the latest research on physiological, anatomical and biomechanical aspects of strength and conditioning Offers numerous practical examples of applications Provides guidelines for writing and monitoring effective strength training programs

Foreword
Preface
Skeletal Muscle Physiology
Introduction
Skeletal muscle macrostructure
Skeletal muscle microstructure
Contraction mechanism
Muscle fibre types
Muscle architecture
Hypertrophy and hyperplasia
Satellite cells
Neuromuscular Physiology
The neuromuscular system
Muscle fatigue
Muscle function assessment
Bone Physiology
Introduction
Bone anatomy
Bone biology
Mechanical functions of bone
Adaptive processes in bone
Endocrine involvement of bone
Tendon Physiology
Tendons
The musculotendinous junction
The osteotendinous junction
Nerve supply
Blood supply
Composition
Collagen formation
Cross-links
Elastin
Cells
Ground substance
Crimp
Bioenergetics of Exercise
Introduction
Exercise, energy, work, and power
Sources of energy
The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle
Oxygen delivery
Energy stores
Respiratory and Cardiovascular Physiology
The respiratory system
The cardiovascular system
Conclusion
Genetic and Signal Transduction Aspects of Strength Training
Genetics of strength and trainability
Signal transduction pathways that mediate the adaptation to strength training
Strength and Conditioning Biomechanics
Introduction
Biomechanical concepts for strength and conditioning
The force-velocity-power relationship
Musculoskeletal machines
Biomechanics of muscle function
Body size, shape, and power-to-weight ratio
Balance and stability
The stretch-shortening cycle
Biomechanics of resistance machines
Machines vs free weights
Conclusion
Neural Adaptations to Resistance Exercise
Introduction
Effects of strength training on mechanical muscle function
Effects of strength training on neural function
Conclusion
Structural and Molecular Adaptations to Training
Introduction
Protein synthesis and degradation in human skeletal muscle
Muscle hypertrophy and atrophy
What is the significance of satellite cells in human skeletal muscle?
Concurrent strength and endurance training: consequences for muscle adaptations
Adaptive Processes in Human Bone and Tendon
Introduction
Bone
Tendon
Conclusion
Biomechanical Markers and Resistance Training
Introduction
Testosterone responses to resistance training
Cortisol responses to resistance training
Dual actions of testosterone and cortisol
Growth hormone responses to resistance training
Other biochemical markers
Limitations in the use and interpretation of biochemical markers
Applications of resistance training
Conclusion
Cardiovascular Adaptations to Strength and Conditioning
Introduction
Cardiovascular function
Cardiovascular adaptations to training
Cardiovascular-related adaptations to training
Conclusion
Exercise-induced Muscle Damage and Delayed-onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS)
Introduction
Symptoms and markers of muscle damage
Relationship between DOMS and other indicators
Factors influencing the magnitude of muscle damage
Muscle damage and training
Conclusion
Alternative Modalities of Strength and Conditioning: Electrical Stimulation and Vibration
Introduction
Electrical-stimulation exercise
Vibration exercise
The Stretch-Shortening Cycle (SSC)
Introduction
Mechanisms responsible for performance enhancement with the SSC
Force unloading: a requirement for elastic recoil
Optimum MTU properties for SSC performance
Effects of the transition time between stretch and shortening on SSC performance
Conclusion
Repeated-sprint Ability (RSA)
Introduction
Limiting factors
Ergogenic aids and RSA
Effects of training on RSA
Conclusion
The Overtraining Syndrome (OTS)
Introduction
Definitions
Prevalence
Mechanisms and diagnosis
Prevention
Conclusion
Principles of Athlete Testing
Introduction
General principles of athlete testing
Maximum strength
Ballistic testing
Reactive strength tests
Eccentric strength tests
Conclusion
Speed and Agility Assessment
Speed
Agility
Conclusion
Testing Anaerobic Capacity and Repeated-sprint Ability
Introduction
Testing anaerobic capacity
Testing repeated-sprint ability
Conclusion
Cardiovascular Assessment and Aerobic Training Prescription
Introduction
Cardiovascular assessment
Aerobic training prescription
Conclusion
Biochemical Monitoring in Strength and Conditioning
Introduction
Hormonal monitoring
Metabolic monitoring
Immunological and haematological monitoring
Practical application
Body Composition: Laboratory and Field Methods of Assessment
Introduction
History of body composition methods
Fractionation models for body composition
Biomechanical imperatives for sports performance
Methods of assessment
Profiling
Conclusion
Total Athlete Management (TAM) and Performance Diagnosis
Total athlete management
Performance diagnosis
Conclusion
Resistance Training Modes: A Practical Perspective
Introduction
Basic training principles
Strength, explosive strength, and power
Conclusion
Training Agility and Change-of-direction Speed (CODS)
Factors affecting agility
Organization of training
Change-of-direction speed
Perceptual and decision-making factors
Training agility
Conclusion
Nutrition for Strength Training
Introduction
The metabolic basis of muscle hypertrophy
Optimal protein intake
Acute effects of amino acid/protein ingestion
Conclusion
Flexibility
Definitions
What is stretching?
A model of effective movement: the integration of flexibility and strength
Sensorimotor Training
Introduction
The importance of sensorimotor training to the promotion of postural control and strength
The effects of sensorimotor training on postural control and strength
Adaptive processes following sensorimotor training
Characteristics of sensorimotor training
Conclusion
Strength and Conditioning as a Rehabilitation Tool
Introduction
Neuromuscular effects of injury as a basis for rehabilitation strategies
Strength and conditioning in retraining of the neuromuscular system
Conclusion
Strength Training for Children and Adolescents
Introduction
Risks and concerns associated with youth strength training
The effectiveness of youth resistance training
Physiological mechanisms for strength development
Potential health and fitness benefits
Youth strength-training guidelines
Conclusion
Strength and Conditioning Considerations for the Paralympic Athlete
Introduction
Programming considerations
Current controversies in Paralympic strength and conditioning
Specialist equipment
Considerations for specific disability groups
Tips for more effective programming

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