Second Language Acquisition An Introductory Course

ISBN-10: 0415894956

ISBN-13: 9780415894951

Edition: 4th 2013 (Revised)

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Book details

Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 3/4/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 648
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 2.772
Language: English

Susan M. Gass is University Distinguished Professor in the Department of Linguistics, Germanic, Slavic, Asian and African Languages at Michigan State University. She has conducted research in a wide variety of sub-areas of second language acquisition including language transfer, language universals, second language research methods, and input and interaction. She is the author/editor of numerous books including "Second Language Acquisition: An Introductory Course "(with Larry Selinker) and "Input, Interaction, and the Second Language Learner." She has published widely in the field of second language acquisition and is the recipient of numerous awards including the Distinguished Scholarship and Service Award from the American Association for Applied Linguistics and the Distinguished Faculty Award from Michigan State University. She has served as the President of the American Association for Applied Linguistics and is currently the President of the International Association of Applied Linguistics (AILA).

Introduction
The Study of Second Language Acquisition
Definitions
The Nature Of Language
Sound Systems
Syntax
Morphology and The Lexicon
Semantics
Pragmatics
The Nature of Nonnative Speaker Knowledge
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Second and Foreign Language Data
Data Analysis
Data Set I: Plurals
Data Set II: Verb + -IngMarkers
Data Set III: Prepositions
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Where do Data Come From?
Data Types
Learner Corpora
Data Elicitation
Measuring General Proficiency
Measuring Non-Linguistic Information
Verbal Report Data
Think-Alouds
Stimulated Recall
Post-Production Interviews
Language-Elicitation Measures
Processing Data
Reaction Time
Eye Tracking
Replication
Meta-Analyses
Issues In Data Analysis
What Is Acquisition?
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
The Role Of The Native Language: An Historical Overview
Introduction
Behaviorism
Linguistic Background
Psychological Background
Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis
Error Analysis
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
The Transition Period
Introduction
First Language Acquisition
Babbling
Words
Sounds And Pronunciation
Syntax
Morphology
Child Second Language Acquisition
Child Second Language Morpheme Order Studies
Adult Second Language Morpheme Order Studies
The Monitor Model
The Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis
The Natural Order Hypothesis
The Monitor Hypothesis
The Input Hypothesis
The Affective Filter Hypothesis
Limitations
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Alternative Approaches to the Role of Previously Known Languages
Revised Perspectives On The Role Of The Native Language
Avoidance
Differential Learning Rates
Different Paths
Overproduction
Predictability/Selectivity
L1 Influences in Second Language Processing
Morpheme Order
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Formal Approaches to SLA
Introduction
Universal Grammar
Initial State
7.2.1.1. Fundamental Difference Hypothesis
7.2.1.2. Access To UG Hypothesis
UG Principles
UG Parameters
Minimalist Program
Falsification
Transfer: The UG Perspective
Levels Of Representation
Clustering
Learnability
The Fundamental Difference Hypothesis Revised
Semantics and The Interface Hypothesis
Semantics
The Interface Hypothesis
Phonology
Markedness Differential Hypothesis
Similarity/Dissimilarity: Speech Learning Model
Optimality Theory
Ontogeny Phylogeny Model
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
The Lexicon
The Significance of the Lexicon
Lexical knowledge: What Does it Mean to Know a Word?
Production and Reception
Knowledge and Control
Breadth and Depth
Subcategorization
Word Associations and Networks
Word Formation
Formulaic language, Collocations, and Chunking
Influences on L2 Vocabulary and Development
The Role of the L1
Incidental Vocabulary Learning
Incremental Vocabulary Learning
Using Lexical Skills
Production
Perception
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Typological and Functional Approaches
Introduction
Typological Universals
Test Case I: The Accessibility Hierarchy
Test Case II: The Acquisition of Questions
Test Case III: Voiced/Voiceless Consonants
Falsifiability
Typological Universals: Conclusions
Functional Approaches
Tense and Aspect: The Aspect Hypothesis
The Discourse Hypothesis
Concept-Oriented Approach
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Looking at Interlanguage Processing
Introduction
Processing Approaches
Processability Theory
Information Processing: Automaticity, Restructuring, and U-Shaped Learning
10.2.2.1. Automaticity and Restructuring
10.2.2.2. U-Shaped Learning
Input Processing
Psycholinguistic Constructs
Attention
Working Memory
Syntactic Priming
Emergentist Model
Competition Model
Frequency-Based Accounts
Dynamic Systems
Knowledge Types
Acquisition/Learning
Declarative/Procedural
Implicit/Explicit
Representation/Control
Interface of Knowledge Types
No Interface
Weak Interface
Strong Interface
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Interlanguage in Context
Introduction
Sociocultural Approaches
Mediation
Internalization
Zone of Proximal Development
Private Speech
Learning in a Socio-Cultural Framework
Gesture and SLA
Variation
Systematic Variation
Linguistic Context
Social Context Relating to the Native Language
Social Context Relating to Interlocutor, Task Type, and Conversational Topic
Conversational Analysis
Communication Strategies
Interlanguage Pragmatics
11.8
Conclusion: SLA and Other Disciplines
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Input, interaction, and Output
Introduction
Input
Comprehension
Interaction
Output
Feedback
Negotiation
Recasts
Hypothesis Testing
Automaticity
Meaning-Based to Grammar-Based Processing
The Role of Input and Interaction in Language Learning
The Functions of Input and Interaction
Effectiveness of Feedback
Attention
Contrast Theory
Metalinguistic Awareness
Who Benefits from Interaction?
Limitations of Input
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Instructed Second Language Learning
Introduction
Classroom Language
Teachability/Learnability
Focus on Form
Timing
Forms to Focus On
Task Design
Input Manipulation and Input Enhancement
Complexity, Accuracy, Fluency and Planning
Processing Instruction
Uniqueness of Instruction
Effectiveness of Instruction
SLA and Classroom Practices
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Non-Language Influences
Introduction
Research Traditions
Linguistics
Psychology
Psycholinguistics
Methodological Considerations
Age Differences
Aptitude
Motivation
Motivation as a Function of Time and Success
Changes over Time
Influence of Success on Motivation and Demotivation
Affect
Language Shock and Culture Shock
Anxiety
Social Distance
Extroversion/Introversion
Learning Strategies
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Related Disciplines
Introduction
Bilingual Acquisition
Third Language Acquisition/Multilingualism
Heritage Language Acquisition
Second Language Acquisition by Hearing Impaired
Conclusion
Suggestions For Additional Reading
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
An Integrated View of Second Language Acquisition
An Integration Of Subareas
Apperceived Input
Comprehended Input
Intake
Integration
Output
Conclusion
More to do and more to think about�Ǡ
Glossary
References
Author index
Subject index
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