Philosophy of Science A Contemporary Introduction

ISBN-10: 0415891779

ISBN-13: 9780415891776

Edition: 3rd 2012 (Revised)

Authors: Alex Rosenberg
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Description: Any serious student attempting to better understand the nature, methods and justification of science will value Alex Rosenberg#xE2;#xAC;"s updated and substantially revised Third Editionof Philosophy of Science: A Contemporary Introduction. Weaving together lucid explanations and clear analyses, the volume is as a much-used, thematically oriented introduction to the field. New features of the Third Editioninclude more coverage of the history of the philosophy of science, more fully developed material on the metaphysics of causal and physical necessity, more background on the contrast between empiricism and rationalism in science, and new material on the structure of theoretical science (with expanded coverage of Newtonian and Darwinian theories and models) and the realism/antirealism controversy. Rosenberg also divides the Third Editioninto fourteen chapters, aligning each chapter with a week in a standard semester-long course. Updated Discussion Questions, Glossary, Bibliography and Suggested Readings lists at the end of each chapter will make the Third Editionindispensable, either as a comprehensive stand-alone text or alongside the many wide-ranging collections of articles and book excerpts currently available. Key Features: #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; The third edition of a popular book in the Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy Series, this text offers comprehensive coverage of one of the fastest-growing fields in contemporary philosophy. #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; The previous edition (2005) was called "the industry standard" and "essential reading" in a 2010 review from Teaching Philosophyof all single-authored textbooks in the field #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; The author, winner of the prestigious Lakatos Award given by the London School of Economics, is a widely known and respected philosopher of science and of social science #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; Lucid and logically structured, guiding the reader through the many complex facets of a difficult subject #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; Comprehensive Suggested Reading sections at the end of each chapter tie the book directly to important papers and leading anthologies of previously published material (e.g., Martin Curd and J.A. Cover#xE2;#xAC;"s Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues, Marc Lange#xE2;#xAC;"s Philosophy of Science: An Anthology, and Yuri Balashov and Alex Rosnberg#xE2;#xAC;"s Philosophy of Science: Contemporary Readings). Changes and Updates in the Third Edition: #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; The entire text is now presented in 14 chapters, making it suitable to read one chapter per week in a semester-long course at most North American universities #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; While the book#xE2;#xAC;"s structure remains thematic rather than historical, the first two chapters now provide a brief history of philosophy to show how the problems of philosophy of science are modern versions of problems that have haunted philosophy since its inception #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; Now ties the positivism and post-positivism of the 20th and 21st centuries to Kant, Hume, Leibniz, Locke and Descartes #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; Introduces the metaphysics of physical necessity and nature of laws #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; Develops more fully explanations of several scientific theories, in particular Newtonian Mechanics and Darwinian Evolutionary Theory #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; Locates Newtonian mechanics and Darwinian evolution in their intellectual and cultural contexts #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; Includes expanded discussion of the nature of theories, scientific realism and antirealism #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; Offers expanded discussion of models, including examples from biology and social science #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; Offers expanded discussion of constructivist approaches and the "Sokal Hoax" along with their impact on the humanities and sciences #xE2;#xAC;#xA2; Provides a thoroughly updated Bibliography, Suggested Readings and Glossary.

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Book details

List price: $32.99
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Publication date: 7/12/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 320
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.990

Alex Rosenberg is the R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy, Professor of Biology and Director of the Center for Philosophy of Biology at Duke University. He has published 11 books on the philosophy of science including The Philosophy of Biology: A Contemporary Introduction (2007) with Daniel McShea. In 1993, he won the Lakatos Prize in the Philosophy of Science and in 2007 was the National Phi Beta Kappa Rommell lecturer in philosophy.Robert Arp is Research Associate with the National Center for Biomedical Ontology at the University of Buffalo and works with the Ontology Research Group at the New York State Center of Excellence in Bioinformatics & Life Sciences in Buffalo, New York. A PhD in Philosophy from Saint Louis University, he has published in the areas of philosophy of biology, philosophy of mind, and biomedical ontology.

Preface
Philosophy and Science
Overview
What Is Philosophy?
Philosophy and the Emergence of the Sciences
Science and the Divisions of Philosophy
What if There Are No Questions Left Over when Science Is Finished?
A Short History of Philosophy as the Philosophy of Science
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Why Is Philosophy of Science Important?
Overview
Scientific Questions and Questions about Science
Modern Science Has Implications for Philosophy
The Cultural Significance of Science
Why Is Science the Only Feature of Western Culture Universally Adopted?
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Scientific Explanation
Overview
Defining Scientific Explanation
The Role of Laws in Scientific Explanation
The Covering Law Model
Problems for the Covering Law Model
A Competing Conception of Scientific Explanation
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Why Do Laws Explain?
Overview
What Is a Law of Nature?
Counterfactual Support as a Symptom of the Necessity of Laws
Counterfactuals and Causation
Coming to Grips with Nomic Necessity
Denying the Obvious?
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Causation, Inexact Laws and Statistical Probabilities
Overview
Causes as Explainers
Ceteris Paribus Laws
Statistical Laws and Probabilistic Causes
Explanation as Unification
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Laws and Explanations in Biology and the "Special Sciences"
Overview
Dissatisfaction with Causal Explanations
Proprietary Laws in the "Special Sciences"
Functional Laws and Biological Explanations
Explaining Purposes or Explaining Them Away?
From Intelligibility to Necessity
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
The Structure of Scientific Theories
Overview
How Do Theories Work? The Example of Newtonian Mechanics
Theories as Explainers: The Hypothetico-Deductive Model
The Philosophical Significance of Newtonian Mechanics and Theories
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Epistemic and Metaphysical Issues About Scientific Theories
Overview
Reduction, Replacement and the Progress of Science
The Problem of Theoretical Terms
Scientific Realism vs. Antirealism
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Theory Construction vs. Model Building
Overview
Theories and Models
Semantic vs. Syntactic Approaches to Theories and Models
A Case Study: Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection
Models and Theories in Evolutionary Biology
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Induction and Probability
Overview
The Problem of Induction
Statistics and Probability to the Rescue?
How Much Can Bayes' Theorem Really Help?
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Confirmation, Falsification, Underdetermination
Overview
Epistemological Problems of Hypothesis Testing
Induction as a Pseudo-Problem: Popper's Gambit
Underdetermination
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Challenges from the History of Science
Overview
A Role for History in the Philosophy of Science?
New Paradigms and Scientific Revolutions
Are Scientific Research Programs Rational?
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Naturalism in the Philosophy of Science
Overview
Quine and the Surrender of First Philosophy
Naturalism, Multiple Realizability and Supervenience
Naturalism's Problem of Justification
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
The Contested Character of Science
Overview
Methodological Anarchism
The "Strong Program" in the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge
Postmodernism and the Science Wars
Does the Sokal Hoax Prove Anything?
Scientism, Sexism and Significant Truths
Summary
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Science, Relativism and Objectivity
Overview
Relativism and Conceptual Schemes
Dealing with Incommensurability
Conclusion: The Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme
Study Questions
Suggested Readings
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
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