Conjectures and Refutations The Growth of Scientific Knowledge

ISBN-10: 0415285941
ISBN-13: 9780415285940
Edition: 2nd 2002 (Revised)
Authors: Karl R. Popper
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Description: Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history.

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Book details

List price: $26.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2002
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 8/9/2002
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 608
Size: 5.00" wide x 7.75" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 1.474
Language: English

Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history.

Karl Popper (1902-94). Philosopher, born in Vienna. One of the most influential and controversial thinkers of the twentieth century.Jeremy Shearmur is Reader in Philosophy at the Australian National University

Preface
Acknowledgements
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the Third Edition
Introduction: On the Sources of Knowledge and of Ignorance
Conjectures
Science: Conjectures and Refutations
Some Problems in the Philosophy of Science
The Nature of Philosophical Problems and their Roots in Science
Three Views Concerning Human Knowledge
The Science of Galileo and Its Most Recent Betrayal
The Issue at Stake
The First View: Ultimate Explanation by Essences
The Second View: Theories as Instruments
Criticism of the Instrumentalist View
The Third View: Conjectures, Truth, and Reality
Towards a Rational Theory of Tradition
Back to the Presocratics
Historical Conjectures and Heraclitus on Change
A Note on Berkeley as Precursor of Mach and Einstein
Kant's Critique and Cosmology
Kant and the Enlightenment
Kant's Newtonian Cosmology
The Critique and the Cosmological Problem
Space and Time
Kant's Copernican Revolution
The Doctrine of Autonomy
On the Status of Science and of Metaphysics
Kant and the Logic of Experience
The Problem of the Irrefutability of Philosophical Theories
Why are the Calculi of Logic and Arithmetic Applicable to Reality?
Truth, Rationality, and the Growth of Scientific Knowledge
The Growth of Knowledge: Theories and Problems
The Theory of Objective Truth: Correspondence to the Facts
Truth and Content: Verisimilitude versus Probability
Background Knowledge and Scientific Growth
Three Requirements for the Growth of Knowledge
A Presumably False yet Formally Highly Probable Non-Empirical Statement
Refutations
The Demarcation Between Science and Metaphysics
Introduction
My Own View of the Problem
Carnap's First Theory of Meaninglessness
Carnap and the Language of Science
Testability and Meaning
Probability and Induction
Language and the Body-Mind Problem
Introduction
Four Major Functions of Language
A Group of Theses
The Machine Argument
The Causal Theory of Naming
Interaction
Conclusion
A Note on the Body-Mind Problem
Self-Reference and Meaning in Ordinary Language
What is Dialectic?
Dialectic Explained
Hegelian Dialectic
Dialectic After Hegel
Prediction and Prophecy in the Social Sciences
Public Opinion and Liberal Principles
The Myth of Public Opinion
The Dangers of Public Opinion
Liberal Principles: A Group of Theses
The Liberal Theory of Free Discussion
The Forms of Public Opinion
Some Practical Problems: Censorship and Monopolies of Publicity
A Short List of Political Illustrations
Summary
Utopia and Violence
The History of Our Time: An Optimist's View
Humanism and Reason
Addenda: Some Technical Notes
Empirical Content
Probability and the Severity of Tests
Verisimilitude
Numerical Examples
Artificial vs. Formalized Languages
A Historical Note on Verisimilitude (1964)
Some Further Hints on Verisimilitude (1968)
Further Remarks on the Presocratics, especially on Parmenides (1968)
The Presocratics: Unity or Novelty? (1968)
An Argument, due to Mark Twain, against Naive Empiricism (1989)
Index of Mottoes
Index of Names
Index of Subjects

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