Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist

ISBN-10: 0323048749
ISBN-13: 9780323048743
Edition: 5th 2007 (Revised)
List price: $69.95
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Description: Be absolutely certain you have the pharmacology knowledge you need to safeguard your patients with Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist, 5th Edition. Its effective approach equips you with a practical understanding of pharmacology concepts  More...

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Book details

List price: $69.95
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier - Health Sciences Division
Publication date: 4/6/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 576
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.024
Language: English

Be absolutely certain you have the pharmacology knowledge you need to safeguard your patients with Applied Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist, 5th Edition. Its effective approach equips you with a practical understanding of pharmacology concepts that will alert you to possible drug interactions and treatment considerations in the dental office. Respected pharmacology author and instructor Elena Haveles brings her professional expertise and academic perspective to this new edition of Barbara Requa-Clark's authoritative coverage - from complete coverage of drugs used in dentistry to drugs that may alter dental treatment, emergency drugs, drug interactions, drug abuse, and the pregnant and nursing patient. This essential textbook should be a part of every dental hygienist's educational foundation.

General Principles
Information, Sources, and Regulatory Agencies
History
Pharmacology and the Oral Health Care Providers
Sources of Information
Explain-Discuss Format
Reference-List Format
Types of Media
Drug Names
Drug Substitution
Top 200 Drugs
Federal Regulatory Agencies
Harrison Narcotic Act
Food and Drug Administration
Federal Trade Commission
Drug Enforcement Administration
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
Drug Action and Handling
Characterization of Drug Action
Log Dose Effect Curve
Potency
Efficacy
Chemical Signaling between Cells
Mechanism of Action of Drugs
Nerve Transmission
Receptors
Stereoisomerism
Routes of Administration and Dose Forms
Routes of Administration
Dose Forms
Pharmacokinetics
Passage across Body Membranes
Absorption
Distribution
Half-Life
Blood-Brain Barrier
Redistribution
Metabolism (Biotransformation)
Factors that Alter Drug Effects
Calculation of Children's Dose
Adverse Reactions
Definitions and Classifications
Clinical Manifestations of Adverse Reactions
Exaggerated Effect on Target Tissues
Effect on Nontarget Tissues
Effect on Fetal Development (Teratogenic Effect)
Local Effect
Drug Interactions
Hypersensitivity (Allergic Reaction)
Idiosyncrasy
Interference with Natural Defense Mechanisms
Toxicologic Evaluation of Drugs
Prescription Writing
Measurement
Metric System
Household Measures
Prescriptions
Format
Explanations Accompanying Prescriptions
Drug Legislation
Scheduled Drugs
Drugs Used in Dentistry
Autonomic Drugs
Autonomic Nervous System
Anatomy
Parasympathetic Autonomic Nervous System
Sympathetic Autonomic Nervous System
Functional Organization
Neurotransmitters
Drug Groups
Parasympathetic Autonomic Nervous System
Cholinergic (Parasympathomimetic) agents
Anticholinergic (Parasympatholytic) agents
Nicotinic Agonists and Antagonists
Sympathetic Nervous System
Sympathetic Nervous System Receptors
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Agents
Adrenergic Blocking Agents
Neuromuscular Blocking Drugs
Nonopioid (Nonnarcotic) Analgesics
Pain
Classification
Salicylates
Acetylsalicylic Acid
Other Salicylates
Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs
Chemical Classification
Mechanism of Action
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacologic Effects
Adverse Reactions
Contraindications and Cautions
Therapeutic Uses
Specific Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs
Acetaminophen
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacologic Effects
Adverse Effects
Drug Interactions
Uses
Dose and Preparations
Drugs Used to Treat Gout
Colchicine
Allopurinol
Probenecid
Opioid (Narcotic) Analgesics and Antagonists
History
Terminology
Classification
Mechanism of Action
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacologic Effects
Analgesia
Sedation and Euphoria
Cough Suppression
Gastrointestinal Effects
Adverse Reactions
Respiratory Depression
Nausea and Emesis
Constipation
Myosis
Urinary Retention
Central Nervous System Effects
Cardiovascular Effects
Biliary Tract Constriction
Histamine Release
Pregnancy and Nursing
Addiction
Treatment
Allergic Reactions
Drug Interactions
Specific Opioids
Opioid Agonists
Mixed Opioids
Tramadol
Dental Use of Opioids
Antiinfective Agents
Dental Infection "Evolution"
History
Definitions
Culture and Sensitivity
Culture
Sensitivity
Indications for Antimicrobial Agents
Therapeutic Indications
Prophylactic Indications
General Adverse Reactions Associated with Antiinfective Agents
Superinfection (Suprainfection)
Allergic Reactions
Drug Interactions
Gastrointestinal Complaints
Pregnancy
Dose Forms
Cost
Penicillins
Source and Chemistry
Pharmacokinetics
Mechanism of Action
Spectrum
Resistance
Adverse Reactions
Allergy and Hypersensitivity
Uses
Specific Penicillins
Macrolides
Erythromycin
Azithromycin and Clarithromycin
Tetracyclines
Pharmacokinetics
Spectrum
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Uses
Clindamycin
Pharmacokinetics
Spectrum
Adverse Reactions
Uses
Metronidazole
Pharmacokinetics
Spectrum
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Uses
Cephalosporins
Pharmacokinetics
Spectrum
Mechanism of Action
Adverse Reactions
Uses
Rational Use of Antiinfective Agents in Dentistry
Antimicrobial Agents for Nondental Use
Vancomycin
Aminoglycosides
Chloramphenicol
Sulfonamides
Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim
Nitrofurantoin
Quinolones (Fluoroquinolones)
Antituberculosis Agents
Isoniazid
Rifampin
Pyrazinamide
Ethambutol
Topical Antibiotics
Neomycin, Polymyxin, and Bacitracin
Mupirocin
Antibiotic Prophylaxis Used in Dentistry
Prevention of Infective Endocarditis
Prosthetic Joint Prophylaxis
Noncardiac Medical Conditions
Antifungal and Antiviral Agents
Antifungal Agents
Nystatin
Imidazoles
Other Antifungal Agents
Antiviral Agents
Herpes Simplex
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Local Anesthetics
History
Ideal Local Anesthetic
Chemistry
Mechanism of Action
Action on Nerve Fibers
Ionization Factors
Pharmacokinetics
Absorption
Distribution
Metabolism
Excretion
Pharmacologic Effects
Peripheral Nerve Conduction (Blocker)
Antiarrhythmic
Adverse Reactions
Composition of Local Anesthetic Solutions
Local Anesthetic Agents
Amides
Esters
Other Local Anesthetics
Vasoconstrictors
Drug Interactions
Choice of Local Anesthetic
Topical Anesthetics
Amides
Esters
Precautions in Topical Anesthesia
Doses of Local Anesthetic and Vasoconstrictor
Antianxiety Agents
Definitions
Benzodiazepines
Chemistry
Pharmacokinetics
Mechanism of Action
Pharmacologic Effects
Adverse Reactions
Abuse and Tolerance
Drug Interactions
Uses
Management of the Dental Patient Taking Benzodiazepines
Barbiturates
Chemistry
Pharmacokinetics
Mechanism of Action
Pharmacologic Effects
Adverse Reactions
Chronic Long-Term Use
Contraindications
Drug Interactions
Uses
Nonbenzodiazepine-nonbarbiturate sedative-hypnotics
Chloral Hydrate
Buspirone
Meprobamate
Nonbenzodiazepine Benzodiazepine Receptor Agonists
Zolpidem
Zaleplon
Eszopiclone
Melatonin Receptor Agonist
Centrally Acting Muscle Relaxants
Pharmacologic Effects
Individual Centrally Acting Muscle Relaxants
Miscellaneous Agents
Baclofen
Tizanidine
Dantrolene
General Comments about Antianxiety Agents
Analgesic-Sedative Combinations
Special Considerations
Cautions
General Anesthetics
History
Mechanism of Action
Stages and Planes of Anesthesia
Adverse Reactions
General Anesthetics
Classification of Anesthetic Agents
Nitrous Oxide
Halogenated Hydrocarbons
Other General Anesthetics
Balanced General Anesthesia
Vitamins and Minerals
Measurements of Vitamin Needs
Recommended Dietary Allowance
Fallacious Reasoning about Vitamins
Water-Soluble Vitamins
Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)
B-Complex Vitamins
Fat-Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Selected Minerals
Iron
Zinc
Calcium
Drug-Induced Vitamin Deficiencies
Oral Conditions and Their Treatment
Infectious Lesions
Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
Herpes Infections
Candidiasis (Moniliasis)
Angular Cheilitis/Cheilosis
Alveolar Osteitis
Immune Reactions
Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis
Lichen Planus
Miscellaneous Oral Conditions
Geographic Tongue
Burning Mouth or Tongue Syndrome
Inflammation
Pericoronitis
Postirradiation Caries
Root Sensitivity
Actinic Lip Changes
Drug-Induced Oral Side Effects
Xerostomia
Sialorrhea
Hypersensitivity-Type Reactions
Oral Lesions that Resemble Autoimmune-Type Reactions
Stains
Gingival Enlargement
Common Agents Used to Treat Oral Lesions
Corticosteroids
Palliative Treatment
Drugs That May Alter Dental Treatment
Cardiovascular Drugs
Dental Implications of Cardiovascular Disease
Contraindications to Treatment
Vasoconstrictor Limit
Infective Endocarditis
Cardiac Pacemakers
Periodontal Disease and Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiac Glycosides
Congestive Heart Failure
Digitalis Glycosides
Antiarrhythmic Agents
Automaticity
Action Potential
Arrhythmias
Antiarrhythmic agents
Adverse Reactions
Dental Implications
Antianginal Drugs
Angina Pectoris
Nitroglycerin-like Compounds
Calcium Channel Blocking Agents
[Beta]-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
Ranolazine
Dental Implications
Antihypertensive Agents
Patient Evaluation
Treatment of Hypertension
Diuretic Agents
[Beta]-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
Calcium Channel Blocking Agents
Angiotensin-Related Agents
[alpha subscript 1]-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
Other Antihypertensive Agents
Management of the Dental Patient Taking Antihypertensive Agents
Antihyperlipidemic Agents
3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl Coenzyme A Reductase Inhibitors
Niacin
Cholestyramine
Gemfibrozil
Dental Implications
Drugs that Affect Blood Coagulation
Anticoagulants
Drugs that Increase Blood Clotting
Anticonvulsants
Epilepsy
Generalized Seizures
Partial (Focal) Epilepsies
Drug Therapy of Patients with Epilepsy
General Adverse Reactions to Anticonvulsant Agents
Carbamazepine
Valproate
Phenobarbital
Phenytoin
Miscellaneous Anticonvulsant Agents
New Anticonvulsant Agents
Dental Treatment of the Patient with Epilepsy
Nonseizure Uses of Anticonvulsants
Neurologic Pain
Psychiatric Use
Psychotherapeutic Agents
Psychiatric Disorders
Antipsychotic Agents
Pharmacologic Effects
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Uses
Dental Implications
Antidepressant Agents
Tricyclic Antidepressants
Second-Generation Antidepressants
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
Bupropion
Other Antidepressant Agents
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
Drugs for Treatment of Bipolar Depression
Lithium
Anticonvulsants
Autocoids and Antihistamines
Histamine
Pharmacologic Effects
Adverse Reactions
Uses
Antihistamines (H[subscript 1]-Receptor Antagonists)
Pharmacologic Effects
Adverse Reactions
Toxicity
Uses
Peripheral (Nonsedating) H[subscript 1]-Receptor Antagonists
Fexofenadine
Loratidine
Cetirizine
Other Autocoids
Prostaglandins and Thromboxanes
Leukotrienes
Kinins
Substance P
Adrenocorticosteroids
Mechanism of Release
Classification
Definitions
Routes of Administration
Mechanism of Action
Pharmacologic Effects
Adverse Reactions
Metabolic Changes
Infections
Central Nervous System Effects
Peptic Ulcer
Impaired Wound Healing and Osteoporosis
Ophthalmic Effects
Electrolyte and Fluid Balance
Adrenal Crisis
Dental Effects
Uses
Medical Uses
Dental Uses
Corticosteroid Products
Dental Implications
Adverse Reactions
Steroid Supplementation
Rule of Twos
Topical Use
Other Hormones
Pituitary Hormones
Anterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Thyroid Hormones
Iodine
Hypothyroidism
Hyperthyroidism
Pancreatic Hormones
Diabetes Mellitus
Female Sex Hormones
Estrogens
Progestins
Oral Contraceptives
Male Sex Hormones
Androgens
Other Agents that Affect Sex Hormone Systems
Clomiphene
Leuprolide
Tamoxifen
Danazol
Aromatase Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Drugs
Use of Antineoplastic Agents
Mechanisms of Action
Classification
Adverse Drug Effects
Bone Marrow Suppression
Osteonecrosis
Gastrointestinal Effects
Dermatologic Effects
Hepatotoxicity
Neurologic Effects
Nephrotoxicity
Immunosuppression
Germ Cells
Oral Effects
Combinations
Use in Treatment of Inflammatory Processes
Dental Implications
Respiratory and Gastrointestinal Drugs
Respiratory Drugs
Respiratory Diseases
Drugs Used to Treat Respiratory Diseases
Sympathomimetic Agents
Metered-Dose Inhalers
Corticosteroids
Leukotriene-Pathway Inhibitors
Methylxanthines
Anticholinergics
Agents Used to Manage Upper Respiratory Infections
Dental Implications of the Respiratory Drugs
Gastrointestinal Drugs
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Drugs Used to Treat Gastrointestinal Diseases
Histamine[subscript 2]-Blocking Agents
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Mixed Antiinfective Therapy for Ulcer Treatment
Antacids
Miscellaneous Gastrointestinal Drugs
Laxatives and Antidiarrheals
Emetics and Antiemetics
Agents Used to Manage Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Special Situations
Emergency Drugs
General Measures
Preparation for Treatment
Categories of Emergencies
Lost or Altered Consciousness
Respiratory Emergencies
Cardiovascular System Emergencies
Other Emergency Situations
Drug-Related Emergencies
Emergency Kit for the Dental Office
Drugs
Equipment
Pregnancy and Breast Feeding
General Principles
History
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Trimesters
Teratogenicity
Food and Drug Administration Pregnancy Categories
Breast Feeding
Dental Drugs
Local Anesthetic Agents
Analgesics
Antiinfective Agents
Antianxiety Agents
Drug Interactions
Mechanisms of Interactions
Pharmacokinetic
Pharmacodynamic
Dental Drug Interactions
Analgesics
Antiinfectives
Benzodiazepines
Epinephrine
Summary
Drug Abuse
General Considerations
Definitions
Psychologic Dependence
Physical Dependence
Tolerance
Addiction, Habituation, and Dependence
Central Nervous System Depressants
Ethyl Alcohol
Nitrous Oxide
Opioid Analgesics
Sedative-Hypnotics
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Cocaine
Amphetamines
Caffeine
Tobacco
Psychedelics (Hallucinogens)
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide
Phencyclidine
Marijuana
Identifying the Drug Abuser
The Impaired Dental Health Care Worker
Appendixes
Top 200 Drugs (2005)
Medical Acronyms
Medical Terminology
What If...
Oral Manifestations: Xerostomia and Taste Changes
Natural/Herbal Products
Glossary
Drug Index
Index

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