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Gathering and Exploring Data | |

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Statistics: the Art and Science of Learning from Data | |

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Using Data to Answer Statistical Questions | |

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Sample Versus Population | |

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Using Calculators and Computers | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Exploring Data with Graphs and Numerical Summaries | |

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Different Types of Data | |

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Graphical Summaries of Data | |

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Measuring the Center of Quantitative Data | |

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Measuring the Variability of Quantitative Data | |

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Using Measures of Position to Describe Variability | |

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Recognizing and Avoiding Misuses of Graphical Summaries | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Association: Contingency, Correlation, and Regression | |

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the Association Between Two Categorical Variables | |

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the Association Between Two Quantitative Variables | |

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Predicting the Outcome of a Variable | |

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Cautions in Analyzing Associations | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Gathering Data | |

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Experimental and Observational Studies | |

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Good and Poor Ways to Sample | |

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Good and Poor Ways to Experiment | |

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Other Ways to Conduct Experimental and Nonexperimental Studies | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Review | |

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Questions | |

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Exercises | |

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Probability, Probability Distributions, and Sampling Distributions | |

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Probability in our Daily Lives | |

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How Probability Quantifies Randomness | |

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Finding Probabilities | |

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Conditional Probability: the Probability of a Given B | |

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Applying the Probability Rules | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Probability Distributions | |

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Summarizing Possible Outcomes and Their Probabilities | |

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Probabilities for Bell-Shaped Distributions | |

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Probabilities When Each Observation Has Two Possible Outcomes | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Sampling Distributions | |

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How Sample Proportions Vary Around the Population Proportion | |

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How Sample Means Vary Around the Population Mean | |

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the Binomial Distribution is a Sampling Distribution (Optional) | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Review | |

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Questions | |

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Exercises | |

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Inferential Statistics | |

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Statistical Inference: Confidence Intervals | |

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Point and Interval Estimates of Population Parameters | |

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Constructing a Confidence Interval to Estimate a Population Proportion | |

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Constructing a Confidence Interval to Estimate a Population Mean | |

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Choosing the Sample Size for a Study | |

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Using Computers to Make New Estimation Methods Possible | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Statistical Inference: Significance Tests about Hypotheses | |

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Steps for Performing a Significance Test | |

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Significance Tests about Proportions | |

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Significance Tests about Means | |

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Decisions and Types of Errors in Significance Tests | |

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Limitations of Significance Tests | |

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the Likelihood of a Type II Error (Not Rejecting H<sub>0</sub>, Even Though It's False) | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Comparing Two Groups | |

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Categorical Response: Comparing Two Proportions | |

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Quantitative Response: Comparing Two Means | |

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Other Ways of Comparing Means and Comparing Proportions | |

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Analyzing Dependent Samples | |

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Adjusting for the Effects of Other Variables | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Review | |

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Questions | |

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Exercises | |

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Analyzing Association and Extended Statistical Methods | |

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Analyzing the Association Between Categorical Variables | |

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Independence and Association | |

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Testing Categorical Variables for Independence | |

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Determining the Strength of the Association | |

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Using Residuals to Reveal the Pattern of Association | |

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Small Sample Sizes: Fisher's Exact Test | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Analyzing the Association Between Quantitative Variables: Regression Analysis | |

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Model How Two Variables are Related | |

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Describe Strength of Association | |

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Make Inference About the Association | |

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How the Data Vary Around the Regression Line | |

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Exponential Regression: a Model for Nonlinearity | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Multiple Regression | |

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Using Several Variables to Predict a Response | |

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Extending the Correlation and R-squared for Multiple Regression | |

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Using Multiple Regression to Make Inferences | |

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Checking a Regression Model Using Residual Plots | |

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Regression and Categorical Predictors | |

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Modeling a Categorical Response | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Comparing Groups: Analysis of Variance Methods | |

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One-Way ANOVA: Comparing Several Means | |

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Estimating Differences in Groups for a Single Factor | |

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Two-Way ANOVA | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Nonparametric Statistics | |

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Compare Two Groups by Ranking | |

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Nonparametric Methods for Several Groups and for Matched Pairs | |

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Chapter Summary | |

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Chapter Problems | |

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Review | |

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Questions | |

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Exercises | |

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Tables | |

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Answers | |

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Index | |

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Index of Applications | |

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Photo Credits | |