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Occupied America A History of Chicanos

ISBN-10: 0321427386
ISBN-13: 9780321427380
Edition: 6th 2007 (Revised)
List price: $72.00
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Description: This engaging and comprehensive overview of Chicano history is passionately written and extensively researched. Equipped to accommodate the growing number of Chicano courses and enrollment, this detailed text presents coverage of the roles of race  More...

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Book details

List price: $72.00
Edition: 6th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Longman Publishing
Publication date: 11/27/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 448
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

This engaging and comprehensive overview of Chicano history is passionately written and extensively researched. Equipped to accommodate the growing number of Chicano courses and enrollment, this detailed text presents coverage of the roles of race and gender in forming Mexican American identity. Written by one of the most influential and highly regarded voices of Chicano History and Ethnic Studies, Occupied America is the leading textbook for Chicano History courses. With a concise and engaged narrative, and timelines that give students a context for pivotal events in Chicano history, Occupied America illuminates the struggles and decisions that frame Chicano identity today. Mexico, Latino, Colonization, Chicano Movement, immigration, labor movements and organizations, Catholic Church, Civil rights, Education and schools, League of United Latin American Citizens, Mutualistas. Chicano, Immigration, US history and Mexican-American history courses.

Rodolfo F. Acuna is a professor of Chicana/o studies at California State University, Northridge. As an activist, scholar, and founder of the largest Chicana/o studies department in the nation, he has been a contributor to the Mexican American community for decades. He has been honored with numerous awards, among them three Gustavus Myers awards for outstanding books on race relations in North America and is the winner of a Choice outstanding Academic Title Award. Among his best-known books are Occupied America: A History of Chicanos, which is now in its 7th edition; Anything but Mexican: Chicanos in Contemporary Los Angeles; and most recently, Corridors of Migration.

Preface
Not Just Pyramids, Explorers, and Heroes
The Cradles of Civilization
The Corn People
The Olmeca 1500 BC-500 BC
The Maya
Maya Hieroglyphic Writing
Maya Society
The Decline of Mayan Civilization
Teotihuacan
Urbanism and Trade
Other Corn Civilizations
The Tolteca
The Tarasco
The Azteca
En El Norte
Conclusion: The World System in 1519
The Core Zones
The Semi-Peripheral Zones
The Mesoamerican Periphery
The Occupation of Middle America
Africa Begins at the Pyrenees
The Spanish Conquest
Faith Versus Rationality
The Spanish Invasion of the Mexica
The Colonization of Native Mesoamerica
Smallpox and Other Plagues
The Conquest of Race and Labor in Mesoamerica
Women in Colonial Mesoamerica
The Changing Roles of Women
The Assimilation of Native Women
Al Norte: God, Gold, Glory, Silver, and Slaves
The Decline of the Indigenous Population
The Changing Order
The Bonanzas
Forced Labor
The Northern Corridor
The Decline of the Native Population
The Colonization of Texas
El Paso del Norte
The Tlaxcalan and the Castas
The Importance of San Antonio and Links to the Rio Bravo
The Occupation of Alta California: Paradise Lost
Los Indios
The Missions: Myth and Reality
Conclusion: On the Eve of the Mexican War of Independence
A Legacy of Hate: The Conquest of Mexico's Northwest
Mexican Independence from Spain
The Colonial Legacy
The Nation-State
Background to the Invasion of Texas
Broken Promises
Causes of the War
Follow the Money: The Land Companies and Trade
Wanna-Be Sam Adamses
The Point of No Return
The Invasion of Texas
The Pretext: Myths of the Alamo
The Defense of the Mexican Homeland
Mexicans Win the Battles but Lose the War
The Invasion of Mexico
The Manufactured War
An Unwarranted Aggression
The Pretext for Conquest
Religious Justifications for War
History as Propaganda
The Myth of a Nonviolent Nation
Peacemakers Expose the Violence of War
The San Patricio Battalion
The War Crimes
Mexicans on the Front Lines
The Prosecution of the War
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The Controversy
The Deception
The Honorable Man
Conclusion
Remember the Alamo: The Colonization of Texas
The Years Between 1836 and 1845
To the Victor Belong the Spoils
The Border
The Founding Fathers?
The Robber Barons Become Captains of Industry
Social and Political Ostracization and Control
The Consolidation of Texas Wealth
Socialization
The Indian Savage, the Mexican Bandit
Controlling the Mexicans
Politics of Race and Gender
The Resistance
Runaway Slaves
Trade Wars
Social Banditry
The Case of Juan Cortina
The People's Revolt
The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez
The Transformation
The Restructuring
The Railroad and the Advent of Industrial Capitalism
Mexico Comes to Texas
Reform Politics and Mexicans
The Growth of the Mexican Population
The Growth of Racist Nativism
Mexican Resistance
Conclusion
Freedom in a Cage: The Colonization of New Mexico
On the Frontier
The Santa Fe Trail: The Trojan Horse
Anti-American Sentiment
The Euroamerican Invasion
The Taos Revolt
Inventing Tradition
The Transition
The Illusion of Inclusion
Gringos and Ricos
How Was It Done?
The Santa Fe Ring and the Land Grab
The Lincoln County War
Socialization
The Americanization of the Catholic Church
The New Mexican Diaspora
It's the Chili
New Mexico in Colorado
The Resistance
The Land Grabbers
The Village People Defend Their Land
More Illusions of Inclusion
The End of the Frontier
The Growth of Industrial Mining
Changes in Society
Federal Encroachment
Conclusion
Sonora Invaded: The Occupation of Arizona
The Frontier
The Gadsden Purchase
The Silent War with Sonora
Filibustering Expeditions into Sonora
Mexicans in Early Arizona
Tensions
"All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others."
Marrying Up!
The Alliance of Elites
The War Against the Apache
The Fate of the "Friendly Indian"
The Land-Grab Grant
The Transformation of Arizona
From Adobe to Copper
Border Conflicts
The Industrialization of Arizona
The Importance of Mining
The Expansion of Capital
Industrial Mining
The 1890s: The De-Skilling of Mine Work
The Pull Factor
The Impact of Industrialization on Mexicans
Mutual Aid Societies
The Mexican Middle Class
Small Favors to Women
Miners Organize: The Emergence of Trade Unions
It's the Water
Conclusion
California Lost: America for Euroamericans
Indians Count
The Spanish Occupation
The Mexican Period
The Gap Between Classes
No Utopia! Women and the Transformation of California
The Bear Flag
John C. Fremont and the Bear Flag
U.S. Invasion of California
Gold Transforms California
The Gold Rush Creates a Template
Complicity of the Californios
Legalized Theft: The Foreign Miners' Tax
Decline of the Californios
The Locusts
Taxation Without Representation
Marrying White
The Whitening of California
Legitimization of Violence
The Mexican Prostitute
The American Dream, The Lugos Trial
The Disillusionment
El Clamor Publico
Class Divisions
Social Banditry
Tiburcio Vasquez
Mexicans in a Changing Society
Becoming a Minority
The Church's Role
Labor
The Exclusion of the Other
Colonias
Conclusion
Immigration, Labor, and Generational Change
Overview
The Transformation
The Push
The Pull
Opposition to Diaz
The Pinos Altos Strike
Precursors to Revolution
The Triangle
Teresa de Urrea
Disciplining Mexicans: Forty Blonde Babies
The Mexican Diaspora
Exploitation Begets Resistance
The Struggle for Equal Education
The Mexican Revolution
A Changing Society
Mexican Workers Under Siege
Pancho Villa Drives the Gringos Crazy
The Hysteria: The Plan of San Diego
World War I: The Big Shift
Shifts in Political Consciousness
Mexican Responses to Industrial Transformation
The Failure of American Brotherhood
The Westward Movement of King Cotton
Conclusion
The 1920s: The Effects of World War I
Americanization: A Study of Extremes
Protestant Churches and Americanization of the Mexican
Catholic Churches React to Americanization
Nationalism Versus Americanization
Mexicans and Mexican Americans
The Influence of World War I on Becoming Mexican American
The League of United Latin American Citizens
The Move to the Cities
San Antonio's West Side
Los Angeles: "Where Only the Weeds Grow"
Mexicans in the Midwest and Points East
Mexican Labor in the 1920s
Importance of the Sugar-Beet Industry
Mexicans in the Northwest
Mexicans in Texas
Mexicans in the Midwest
The Growth of California Agribusiness
Mexican Unions
Greasers Go Home
Keeping America Blond and White
Conclusion
Mexican American Communities in the Making: The Depression Years
The Great Depression: La Crisis
Stresses and Strains During La Crisis
Life During the Great Depression
The Importance of Being San Antonio
Nativist Deportations of the 1930s
Repatriation Texas-Style
The Fate of the Deportee in Mexico
Factories in the Fields
Texas Farms
Renting Mexicans
The Farm Workers' Revolt
The El Monte Strike
The Tagus Ranch
The San Joaquin Valley Cotton Strike
The Imperial Valley, 1934
CUCOM and Mexican Strikes
The Congress of Industrial Organizations
Rural Workers in the Lone Star State
Colorado and the Manitos
The City
Los Angeles Mexican Women Garment Workers
San Antonio Mexicana Workers
La Pasionaria, the Pecan Shellers' Strike, and San Antonio
Unionization in Los Angeles
Labor in the Midwest: Chicago
The Mexican American Miners' Revolt
The Mexican-Origin Community
The Los Angeles Community
The Mexican American Movement
El Congreso de los Pueblos de Habla Espanol
Fighting Segregation
The Manitos
Move to the Windy City: Chicago
Conclusion
World War II: The Betrayal of Promises
Changing Identities
World War II and the Mexican
El Soldado Raso
The Case of Guy Gabaldon
The Story of Company E: The All-Mexican Unit
Racism at Home and Abroad
Chicanas Go to War
The Home Front
A Profile of Courage
Finding Scapegoats
The Sleepy Lagoon Trial
Mutiny in the Streets of Los Angeles
Mexicanas Support the War Effort
Rosita the Riveter
The Federal Employment Practices Commission
The Making of the Cold War: The Politics of Control
Control of Labor
The Communists Are Coming
Postwar Opportunities
Toward a Civil Rights Agenda
The American G.I. Forum
A Transitional Period
Police and Institutional Brutality
Controlling Mexican Labor
The Return of Farm Labor Militancy
Importing Mexicans
Conclusion
"Happy Days": Chicano Communities Under Siege
The Cold War
The Korean War: Historical Amnesia
Keeping America American
Militarization of the Immigration and Naturalization Service
The Diaspora: An American Odyssey
The Cities
Seduced by the Game
New Mexico: The Illusion of It All
Los Angeles
San Antonio
El Paso
Civil Rights
The "Salt of the Earth"
Toward Equality
California
National Spanish-Speaking Council
The Struggle to Preserve the Barrios
The FHA Mortgage-Loan and the G.I. Bill
Urban Renewal: The Day of the Bulldozer
The Dodgers and Chavez Ravine
Gentrification in the Midwest
Conclusion: The Importance of 1959
Goodbye, America: The Chicano in the 1960s
The Early 1960s
Inequality
Harvest of Shame
High Hopes: Illusions of the Sleeping Giant
San Antonio
Los Angeles
Organizing in Chicago
The Building of a Civil Rights Coalition
Viva Johnson
Building the Great Society
The Walkout
The Black-White Syndrome
The Illusion Fades
Impact of the War on Poverty
Magnetization of the Border
The Immigration Act of 1965
Mexican American Reaction to the Memories of Nativism
The Road to Delano
Echoes of Delano
The Road to Brown Power
The Making of a Movement
The Formation of Core Groups
The East L.A. Walkouts
Chicana/o Student Militancy Spreads
The Brown Berets
Tlatelolco, Mexico
"Wild tribes of...the inner mountains of Mexico"
Gringos and Tejanos
The Land Struggle
The Crusade for Justice
Chicanas Speak!
Other Voices
The Chicano Youth Movement Gains Steam
Where Is God?
Violence at Home
Chicanas/os Under Siege
Conclusion
The 1970s and 1980s: The Deconstruction of the Sixties
Redefining Racism
Government Legitimizes Racism
The Politics of Cynicism: Nixon's Hispanic Strategy
Dismantling the War on Poverty
Chicano Power
La Raza Unida Party
Failure to Build a National Third Party
The Last Days of La Raza Unida
Inequality from Within
Chicana Voices
Inevitable Factions
Las Hermanas
Sterilization
The Road to Delano
The Farah Strike: The Breaking of Labor
Sin Fronteras
Nativism Is Racism
Centro de Accion Social Autonoma-Hermandad de General de Trabajadores
Get the Mexican Bandits
The Media Perpetuates Racist Nativism
Getting Away with Terrorism
In Defense of the Foreign Born
The Growth of the Chicano Middle Class
Chicanos as Commodities
Redefinition of the Political Middle
Political Gains
Education: the Stairway to the American Dream
Education Equality
Importance of the EOPs
Expanding Political Vocabularies
The "Pochoization" of the Vocabulary
The Myth of a Color-Blind Society
Legacy Admits
Why Progressive Organizations Fail
Violence as an Instrument of Control
Conclusion
Becoming a National Minority: 1980-2001
The Tyranny of Words and Actions
Shared Space
El Salvador
Nicaragua
Guatemala
Mexico
Manufacturing the Crisis
The Militarization of the Border
Organizing Immigrant Workers
The Hotel and Restaurant Workers
The Janitors
From Autos to Buses
The Miners
Boycott Levis-and Dockers, Too!
Cesar Chavez and the UFW
The Movement for Inclusion
The Sleeping Giant
Texas: The Lone Star
Chicago: Where the Wind Blows
New Mexico: The Illusion
Colorado
The Glass Ceiling
A Profile of Chicanas
Bucking the Glass Ceiling
The Tejana Gender Gap
Immigrant Women Workers
The 1990s: A Portrait of Inequality
Can You Smell the Refried Beans?
Tejano Population Boom
California: Political Gains
Under the Influence of the Illusion
The North American Free Trade Agreement
The Zapatistas
"Don't Mourn, Organize!"
The Political Refugees
Forging Communities
The Idealists
The Backlash
It Didn't Happen by Accident
Proposition 187: The American Way
Proposition 209 and the Color-Blind Society
Proposition 227: If You Speak One Language, You're American
The National Scene: Census 2000
The Big Three
The California Revolution
Texas: Gringos Speaking Spanish
Chicago
The Northwest: The Spread of the Tortilla Curtain
The Age of the Believers
Unsettled Scores
Conclusion
Epilogue: Is Antonio Banderas a Chicano?
Identity and Interests
Where Are the Other Latinos?
Not an Identifiable Minority
Is There a Latino Identity?
Identifiable Inequality
Immigration
The Search for Equality
The Poor
"Be all that you can be"
What's in the Future?
The Search for Inclusion
Conclusion
The Map Room
Creating a Timeline
Book Notes
Index

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