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Society Must Be Defended Lectures at the Coll�ge de France 1975-1976

ISBN-10: 0312422660
ISBN-13: 9780312422660
Edition: 2003 (Revised)
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Description: An examination of the relation between war and politics, by one of the twentieth century’s most influential thinkers From 1971 until 1984 at the Collegrave;ge de France, Michel Foucault gave a series of lectures ranging freely and conversationally  More...

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Book details

List price: $20.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Picador
Publication date: 12/1/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 336
Size: 5.25" wide x 8.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 0.660
Language: English

An examination of the relation between war and politics, by one of the twentieth century’s most influential thinkers From 1971 until 1984 at the Collegrave;ge de France, Michel Foucault gave a series of lectures ranging freely and conversationally over the range of his research. In Society Must Be Defended, Foucault deals with the emergence in the early seventeenth century of a new understanding of war as the permanent basis of all institutions of power, a hidden presence within society that could be deciphered by an historical analysis. Tracing this development, Foucault outlines the genealogy of power and knowledge that had become his dominant concern.

Michel Foucault was born on October 15, 1926, in Poitiers, France, and was educated at the Sorbonne, in Paris. He taught at colleges all across Europe, including the Universities of Lill, Uppsala, Hamburg, and Warsaw, before returning to France. There he taught at the University of Paris and the College of France, where he served as the chairman of History of Systems of Thought until his death. Regarded as one of the great French thinkers of the twentieth century, Foucault's interest was in the human sciences, areas such as psychiatry, language, literature, and intellectual history. He made significant contributions not just to the fields themselves, but to the way these areas are studied, and is particularly known for his work on the development of twentieth-century attitudes toward knowledge, sexuality, illness, and madness. Foucault's initial study of these subjects used an archaeological method, which involved sifting through seemingly unrelated scholarly minutia of a certain time period in order to reconstruct, analyze, and classify the age according to the types of knowledge that were possible during that time. This approach was used in Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason, for which Foucault received a medal from France's Center of Scientific Research in 1961, The Birth of the Clinic, The Order of Things, and The Archaeology of Knowledge. Foucault also wrote Discipline and Punishment: The Birth of the Prison, a study of the ways that society's views of crime and punishment have developed, and The History of Sexuality, which was intended to be a six-volume series. Before he could begin the final two volumes, however, Foucault died of a neurological disorder in 1984.

Foreword
Introduction
7 January 1976
What is a lecture?
Subjugated knowledges
Historical knowledge of struggles, genealogies, and scientific discourse
Power, or what is at stake in genealogies
Juridical and economic conceptions of power
Power as repression and power as war
Clausewitz's aphorism inverted
14 January 1976
War and power
Philosophy and the limits of power
Law and royal power
Law, domination, and subjugation
Analytics of power: questions of method
Theory of sovereignty
Disciplinary power
Rule and norm
21 January 1976
Theory of sovereignty and operators of domination
War as analyzer of power relations
The binary structure of society
Historico-political discourse, the discourse of perpetual war
The dialectic and its codifications
The discourse of race struggle and its transcriptions
28 January 1976
Historical discourse and its supporters
The counterhistory of race struggle
Roman history and biblical history
Revolutionary discourse
Birth and transformations of racism
Race purity and State racism: the Nazi transformation and the Soviet transformation
4 February 1976
Answer to a question on anti-Semitism
Hobbes on war and sovereignty
The discourse on the Conquest in England: royalists, parliamentarians, and Levellers
The binary schema and political historicism
What Hobbes wanted to eliminate
11 February 1976
Stories about origins
The Trojan myth
France's heredity
"Franco-Gallia."
Invasion, history, and public right
National dualism
The knowledge of the prince
Boulainvilliers's "Etat de la France."
The clerk, the intendant, and the knowledge of the aristocracy
A new subject of history
History and constitution
18 February 1976
Nation and nations
The Roman conquest
Grandeur and decadence of the Romans
Boulainvilliers on the freedom of the Germans
The Soissons vase
Origins of feudalism
Church, right, and the language of State
Boulainvilliers: three generalizations about war: law of history and law of nature, the institutions of war, the calculation of forces
Remarks on war
25 February 1976
Boulainvilliers and the constitution of a historico-political continuum
Historicism
Tragedy and public right
The central administration of history
The problematic of the Enlightenment and the genealogy of knowledges
The four operations of disciplinary knowledge and their effects
Philosophy and science
Disciplining knowledges
3 March 1976
Tactical generalization of historical knowledge
Constitution, Revolution, and cyclical history
The savage and the barbarian
Three ways of filtering barbarism: tactics of historical discourse
Questions of method: the epistemological field and the antihistoricism of the bourgeoisie
Reactivation of historical discourse during the Revolution
Feudalism and the gothic novel
10 March 1976
The political reworking of the idea of the nation during the Revolution: Sieyes
Theoretical implications and effects on historical discourse
The new history's grids of intelligibility: domination and totalization
Montlosier and Augustin Thierry
Birth of the dialectic
17 March 1976
From the power of sovereignty to power over life
Make live and let die
From man as body to man as species: the birth of biopower
Biopower's fields of application
Population
Of death, and of the death of Franco in particular
Articulations of discipline and regulation: workers' housing, sexuality, and the norm
Biopower and racism
Racism: functions and domains
Nazism
Socialism
Course Summary
Situating the Lectures: Alessandro Fontana and Mauro Bertani
Index

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