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Oil Crisis of 1973-1974 A Brief History with Documents

ISBN-10: 0312409222
ISBN-13: 9780312409227
Edition: 2007
Authors: Karen R. Merrill
List price: $16.99
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Description: In a year that saw both the formal end to the Vietnam War and the unfolding of the Watergate scandal, the oil crisis of 1973–1974 dealt a critical blow to the American psyche. After decades of wealth and prosperity, stagflation and gas shortages hit  More...

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Book details

List price: $16.99
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Bedford/Saint Martin's
Publication date: 2/22/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 192
Size: 5.25" wide x 8.00" long x 0.25" tall
Weight: 0.440
Language: English

In a year that saw both the formal end to the Vietnam War and the unfolding of the Watergate scandal, the oil crisis of 1973–1974 dealt a critical blow to the American psyche. After decades of wealth and prosperity, stagflation and gas shortages hit Americans in their own pockets. They faced hard questions about a national culture of consumption that had ravaged the environment and left the U.S. dangerously dependent on foreign oil -- and at the mercy of nations who could and would use oil as a political weapon. Karen Merrill offers a thorough examination of this watershed event with a collection of primary sources ranging from industry and government memos to contemporary news coverage and political cartoons. Her introduction provides historical perspective on U.S.–Middle East relations, as well as insights into oil's role in shepherding in a new era of environmental awareness within the American consumer culture. Useful pedagogical tools include questions for consideration, a chronology of events, and a bibliographic essay.

Foreword
Preface
List of Illustrations
Introduction: A Brief History of Oil
The United States as Oil Producer
The Global Search for Oil
Oil, Enemies, and the Postwar World
American Oil Consumption and Environmental Politics
The Oil Crisis and Its Legacy
Conclusion
The Documents
The United States and the Middle East before the Crisis
The U.S. Government and the Oil Industry React to the Formation of OPEC, 1960
Telegram from the Embassy in Iraq to the Department of State, September 15, 1960
Memorandum of Discussion at the 460th Meeting of the National Security Council, September 21, 1960
Memorandum of Conversation: Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) Views on the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, October 19, 1960
Henry Moses, Situation in the Middle East, October 27, 1969
U.S. News and World Report, The Changing Geopolitics of the World's Oil, April 14, 1969
Report of OPEC Meeting with Oil Company Executives, January 21, 1972
The Oil Crisis and the Oil Weapon
James Akins, The Oil Crisis: This Time the Wolf Is Here, April 1973
William Casey, International Ramifications of the Energy Situation, May 1973
Oliphant, "... But First, Let's Hear Your Position on the Alaska Pipeline and Independent Gas Distributors!" July 2, 1973
Economist, The Radical Specter of Libya, May 10, 1973
National Review, Confronting Libya, September 28, 1973
Ranan R. Lurie, "The Arab Oil Barons Set the Pace," September 17, 1973
Aramco Executives, Memorandum to President Nixon, October 12, 1973
Time, Unsheathing the Political Weapon, October 29, 1973
Richard Nixon, The Energy Emergency, November 7, 1973
Robert Zschiesche, "I Want You to Lower Your Thermostat," December 3, 1973
Experiencing the Oil Squeeze, November-December 1973
U.S. News and World Report, Mideast Oil Stops Flowing-and U.S. Feels First Pinch, November 19, 1973
Time, The New Highway Guerrillas, December 17, 1973
Citizens Respond to the Oil Crisis, January 1974
Berkshire Eagle, Is the Crisis for Real? January 3, 1974
Berkshire Eagle, Is Oil a Public Utility? January 11, 1974
Berkshire Eagle, Lighting the Way for the New Year? January 7, 1974
New York Times, Running Out of Gas, January-February 1974
William Robbins, 37 Gallons Possible as Monthly Gas Ration, January 21, 1974
Peter Kihss, Worried Drivers Swamp Stations Selling Gasoline, February 5, 1974
Oil, Consumption, and the Environment
David Perlman, America the Beautiful? November 4, 1969
Norman Podhoretz, Doomsday Fears and Modern Life, October 1971
John Noble Wilford, Questioning Economic Growth, July 8, 1971
William K. Stevens, Rush to Smaller Cars Spurs Detroit to Alter Assembly Lines, December 3, 1973
Time, "The Big Car: End of the Affair," December 31, 1973
Anthony Wayne Smith, The Oil Shortage, February 1974
The Aftermath of the Oil Crisis
Tony Auth, "I Dub Thee 'Problem,'" March 11, 1974
Miles Ignotus, Seizing Arab Oil, March 1975
Zuhayr Mikdashi, The OPEC Process, 1976
Jimmy Carter, Two Responses to the Energy Crisis, April 1977 and January 1980
The Energy Problem: Address to the Nation, April 18, 1977
The Carter Doctrine: State of the Union Address, January 23, 1980
Republican Party Platform, Position on Energy, July 15, 1980
Ronald Reagan, National Energy Policy Plan, July 17, 1981
The Legacy of the Oil Crisis
Bill McKibben, The Climate Crisis, 1989
National Security Council, Oil and National Security Interests, August 20, 1990
The SUV: Master or Monster of the Road? 1999
Jerry Edgerton, I Want My SUV, October 1, 1999
Susan Ellicott, Big Wheels, March 6, 1999
Testimony before Congress about Fuel Efficiency, 2000 and 2001
Daniel F. Becker, Sierra Club, Testimony before House Committee on Resources, April 12, 2000
Josephine S. Cooper, Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, Testimony before House Committee on Ways and Means, June 13, 2001
Neela Banerjee, Saudi Oil after 9/11, October 21, 2001
Eric C. Evarts, That '70s Auto Show, January 11, 2005
George W. Bush, Discussion of Hurricane Effects on Energy Supply, September 26, 2005
John Sherffius, "The Other Storm Surge," August 30, 2005
Appendixes
A Chronology of Events Related to the Oil Crisis of 1973-1974
Questions for Consideration
Selected Bibliography
Index

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