Candide Or Optimism

ISBN-10: 0300119879
ISBN-13: 9780300119879
Edition: 2007
List price: $16.50 Buy it from $0.69
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Description: In this new translation of Voltaire’s best-known work, distinguished translator Burton Raffel captures the irreverent spirit ofCandideandrenders the novel in clear, vivacious English. Stylistically superior to all predecessors, Raffel’s version now  More...

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Book details

List price: $16.50
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publication date: 12/15/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 176
Size: 5.00" wide x 8.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.484
Language: English

In this new translation of Voltaire’s best-known work, distinguished translator Burton Raffel captures the irreverent spirit ofCandideandrenders the novel in clear, vivacious English. Stylistically superior to all predecessors, Raffel’s version now stands as the translation of choice for twenty-first-century readers. “[A] fine new translation.”—Adam Gopnik,New Yorker “Burton Raffel’s excellent translations of a wide variety of texts are rightly admired, and so will this one be. Thanks be, he possesses the wit necessary to take us on and along the satirical road of Voltaire’sCandide.”—Mary Ann Caws, editor ofThe Yale Anthology of Twentieth-Century French Poetry nbsp;

A leading freethinker of his time and an opponent of political and religious oppression, Voltaire was instrumental in popularizing serious philosophical, religious, and scientific ideas that were frequently derived from liberal thinkers in England, where he lived for two years after his imprisonment in the Bastille. Voltaire's writings are wide ranging: He wrote plays in the neoclassic style, such as Oedipus (1718), philosophical essays in a popular vein like Letters on England (1734), which has been referred to as the first bomb hurled against the Ancien Regime; and the Philosophical Dictionary (1764), a catalog of polemical ideas on a large variety of subjects, particularly religion and philosophy. Voltaire was one of the most prolific letter writers in the entire history of literature, and his correspondence has been published in a French edition of 107 volumes. For the twentieth-century reader, Voltaire is best known for his philosophical tale Candide (1759), a masterpiece of satire that is both an attack on the philosophy of metaphysical optimism elaborated earlier in the century by the German philosopher Leibniz and a compendium of the abuses of the Ancien Regime as the author ponders the general problem of evil. Voltaire's unflinching belief in human reason and his easy handling of the language of Enlightenment wit and philosophy led the critic Roland Barthes to dub him "the last happy writer."

Introduction
Translator's Note
How Candide was raised in a noble mansion, and how he was driven away
What happened to Candide among the Bulgars
How Candide saved himself from the Bulgars, and what became of him
How Candide met his old philosophy teacher, Doctor Pangloss, and what had happened to him
Tempest, shipwreck, earthquake, and what happened to Doctor Pangloss, Candide, and Jacques the Anabaptist
How they had a beautiful auto-da-fe in order to put an end to the earthquake, and how Candide was flogged
How an old woman took care of Candide and how he got back his beloved
Cunegonde's story
What happened to Cunegonde, to Candide, to the Grand Inquisitor, and to a Jew
In what difficulty Candide, Cunegonde, and the old woman reached Cadiz, and how they boarded a ship
The old woman's story
More about the old woman's misfortunes
How Candide was forced to leave lovely Cunegonde and the old woman
How Candide and Cacambo were greeted by the Jesuits of Paraguay
How Candide killed his dear Cunegonde's brother
What happened to the two travelers with two girls, two monkeys, and the savages known as Oreillons
Arrival of Candide and his valet in the land of Eldorado, and what they saw there
What they saw in Eldorado
How they got to to Surinam, and how Candide came to know Martin
What happened at sea to Candide and Martin
Candide and Martin approach the French coast and argue
What happened to Candide and Martin in France
Candide and Martin reach the British coast, and what they see there
Paquette and Friar Giroflee
Visit to Lord Pococurante, a nobleman of Venice
A dinner that Candide and Martin shared with six foreigners, and who they were
Candide's journey to Constantinople
What happened to Candide, Cunegonde, Pangloss, Martin, etc.
How Candide found Cunegonde and the old woman
Conclusion
Suggested Reading

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