Geoarchaeology The Earth-Science Approach to Archaeological Interpretation

ISBN-10: 0300109660

ISBN-13: 9780300109665

Edition: 2nd 2006

List price: $50.00
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Description:

An indispensable book for all professionals and students interested in the field of geoarchaeology, including those with limited earth-science experience, this new edition of "Geoarchaeology" builds on the success and innovation of the first edition and includes updates, new concepts and examples, an enhanced bibliography, and many new illustrations. The second edition begins by considering the history and theory of geoarchaeology. Rapp and Hill then move to discussions of soils and environmental interpretations; initial context and site formation; methods of discovery and spatial analyses; estimating time; paleoenvironments, landscapes, and the human past; identifying, analyzing, and sourcing raw materials; and construction, destruction, and conservation of sites and materials. "[This book] covers a wide range of topics . . . with clarity and balance. . . . [The] chapters are all well written and have concise introductory discussions that are not too detailed and not too brief. . . . Beautifully produced."--Michael Waters, "Geoarchaeology: An International Journal "(on the first edition)
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Book details

List price: $50.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publication date: 5/11/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 368
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Theory and History
The Scope of Geoarchaeology
Archaeology and the Earth Sciences
Foundational Phase: Before 1900
Collaborative Phase: 1900-1950
Integrative Phase: After 1950
Changing the Guard
Sediments, Soils, and Environmental Interpretations
Sediments
Weathering
Transportation
Postdepositional Changes
Archaeological Implications
Classification of Sedimentation Products
Clastic Deposits
Gravel
Sand
Mud
Chemical Deposition
Calcareous Precipitates
Noncalcareous Precipitates
Organic Matter
Soils and Buried Soils
The Soil Profile
Soil Types
Entisols
Vertisols
Inceptisols
Mollisols
Alfisols
Ultisols
Spodosols
Aridosols
Histosols
Paleosols and Buried Soils
Inferring Environments from Physical and Chemical Parameters
Color
Cementation and Induration
Texture
Structure
Composition
Boundaries
Micromorphology
Initial Context and Site Formation
The Creation of the Archaeological Record
Stages of Site Formation
Initial Landscapes and Original Occupation
Sedimentary Contexts
Desert Depositional Systems
The Effects of Wind
The Effects of Moisture
Desert System Site Formation
Alluvial Depositional Systems: Flowing Water
Depositional Contexts
Site Formation in Alluvial Settings
Lakes and Associated Basin Settings
Basin Deposits
Site Formation in Basin Settings
Cave and Rock Shelter Depositional Systems
Limestone Caves
Sandstone Caves and Rock Shelters
Igneous Rock Caves
Site Formation in Caves
The Glacial System
Coastal and Marine Depositional Settings
Coastal Processes and Site Formation
Coastal Landscape Context
Postdepositional Processes
Mass Wasting
Cryoturbation
Bioturbation
Methods of Discovery and Spatial Analyses
Maps
Landform Sediment Assemblages
Settlement Patterns
Remote Sensing
Geophysical Prospecting
Magnetometry and Magnetic Properties of Soils and Sediments
Electrical Resistivity
Electromagnetic Conductivity
Ground Penetrating Radar
Seismic Profiling
Magnetic Analysis
Aerial Photography
Satellite and Airborne Remote Sensing
Dowsing
Geochemical Prospecting and Analysis
Core Drilling
Locating Water Resources
Geographic Information Systems
The Complexities of Scale
Estimating Time
Climate Change and Time
Artifacts and Dating
Stratigraphy
Rhythmites (Varves)
Paleosols in Loess and Alluvium
Tephrochronology
Dating Using Animal and Plant Fossils
Paleontology
Dendrochronology
Radiometric Dating Methods
Potassium-Argon and Argon-Argon Dating
Uranium-Series Dating
Radiocarbon Dating
Other Dating Methods
Fission-Track Dating
Paleomagnetic and Archaeomagnetic Dating
Electron Spin Resonance and Luminescence Dating
Temperature-Affected Dating
Amino Acid Racemization and Epimerization
Hydration (Obsidian)
Dating Techniques Based on Chemical Accumulation
Chemical Analysis
Dating Exposed Surfaces
Patination and Desert Varnish
Cosmogenic Nuclides
Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions: Landscapes and the Human Past
Environmental and Landscape Change
Inferring Environmental Change
Ecology and Landscape Change
Terrestrial (Non-marine) Geoecologic Data from Lake Records
Plant (Botanical) Indicators
Microfossils
Pollen
Phytoliths
Diatoms
Macrofossils
Animal Indicators
Invertebrates
Ostracods
Mollusks
Insects
Vertebrates
Mammal Fossil Remains
Bird Fossil Remains
Reptile and Amphibian Fossil Remains
Fish Fossil Remains
Other Ecologic Accumulations
Pack-Rat Middens
Peat
Geochemical Indicators
Environmental Change and Archaeological Explanations
Human Habitats and Geoecology
Tectonics, Climates, Landscapes, and the Human Past
Microclimates
Human Interaction with Environment and Its Effects on Climate
Raw Materials and Resources
Definitions
Minerals
Chert and Chalcedony
Semiprecious Stones
Other Archaeologically Important Minerals
Metals and Ores
Rocks
Shells
Clays
Building Materials
Building Stone
Burnt Brick
Mortar
Other Materials
Pigments
Abrasives
Rock and Mineral Recovery
Water
Sourcing (Provenance)
Geologic Deposits
Materials Used in Sourcing
Obsidian
Sourcing Other Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks
Chert
Marble
Clay
Temper
Amber
Bitumen
Soft Stone, Other Rocks, and Semiprecious Minerals
Native Copper
Complex Copper Minerals
Tin
Lead, Silver, and Gold
Sourcing Methods
Trace-Element Analyses
Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis
X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
Isotope Analysis/Mass Spectrometry
DNA
Mineral Magnetism
Other Analytical Methods
Petrographic Analysis
Statistics and Data Analysis
Construction, Destruction, Archaeological Resource Preservation, and Conservation
Geotechnology
Construction
Dams
Canals
Fields and Raised Fields
Roads
Excavation (Mines and Quarries)
Natural Burial and Site Formation
Rock Properties and Weathering
Destruction
Weathering
Pollution
Water
Erosion and Subsidence in Archaeology
Erosion
Land Subsidence
Geologic "Catastrophes" and the Human Past
Earthquakes and Seismic Disturbance
Floods and Flood Legends
Volcanoes
Site Preservation
Site Preservation Problems
Reservoirs
Hilltops or Slopes
Seismicity
Site Stabilization
Earth Burial
Archaeological/Cultural Resource Management
Resource Management
Conservation
Materials Preservation
Corrosion
Epilogue
The Future
The Future of Geoarchaeology within Archaeology
Notes
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
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