Independence in Latin America Contrasts and Comparisons

ISBN-10: 0292745346
ISBN-13: 9780292745346
Edition: 3rd 2013 (Revised)
Authors: Richard Graham
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Description: In the course of fifteen momentous years, the Spanish- and the Portuguese-American empires that had endured for three centuries came to an end in the mid-1820s. How did this come about? Not all Latin Americans desired such a change, and the  More...

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Book details

List price: $24.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Publication date: 5/1/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 208
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.924
Language: English

In the course of fifteen momentous years, the Spanish- and the Portuguese-American empires that had endured for three centuries came to an end in the mid-1820s. How did this come about? Not all Latin Americans desired such a change, and the independence wars were civil wars, often cruel and always violent. What social and economic groups lined up on one side or the other? Were there variations from place to place, region to region? Did men and women differ in their experience of war? How did Indians and blacks participate and how did they fare as a result? In the end, who won and who lost? Independence in Latin America is about the reciprocal effect of war and social dislocation. It also demonstrates that the war itself led to national identity and so to the creation of new states. These governments generally acknowledged the novel principle of constitutionalism and popular sovereignty, even when sometimes carving out exceptions to such rules. The notion that society consisted of individuals and was not a body made up of castes, guilds, and other corporate orders had become commonplace by the end of these wars. So international politics and military confrontations are only part of the intriguing story recounted here. For this third edition, Richard Graham has written a new introduction and extensively revised and updated the text. He has also added new illustrations and maps.

Richard Graham is Frances Higginbotham Nalle Centennial Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Texas at Austin.

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Colonies in Flux
Ruler and Ruled
Trade with Whom?
A Corporate Society
Religion and the Enlightenment
Haiti
Reactions to Change
Argentina and Uruguay
Chile
Comparisons
Venezuela
Mexico
Central America
Comparisons
Peru
Brazil
Comparisons
Toward War
Who Wanted Change?
European Events
Spanish American Responses
The First War of Independence, 1810-1816
Argentina
Uruguay
Paraguay
Chile
Venezuela
Colombia
Peru and Bolivia
Mexico
Brazil
Commonalities and Differences
The Second War of Independence, 1815-1825
Repercussion of European Events
Venezuela and Colombia
Argentina and Uruguay
Chile, Peru, and Bolivia
Mexico
Central America
Brazil
Commonalities and Differences
What Changed?
The Cost of War
An Altered Cultural Reality
Social Tensions
Instability and the Caudillo
Inclusion in the World Economy
Documents
For Further Reading
Chronology
Glossary
Notes
Illustration Credits
Index

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