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Dynamic Systems Approach to the Development of Cognition and Action

ISBN-10: 026270059X
ISBN-13: 9780262700597
Edition: 1996 (Reprint)
List price: $52.00
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Description: A Dynamic Systems Approach to the Development of Cognition and Action presents a comprehensive and detailed theory of early human development based on the principles of dynamic systems theory. Beginning with their own research in motor, perceptual,  More...

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Book details

List price: $52.00
Copyright year: 1996
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 1/31/1996
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 408
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.782
Language: English

A Dynamic Systems Approach to the Development of Cognition and Action presents a comprehensive and detailed theory of early human development based on the principles of dynamic systems theory. Beginning with their own research in motor, perceptual, and cognitive development, Thelen and Smith raise fundamental questions about prevailing assumptions in the field. They propose a new theory of the development of cognition and action, unifying recent advances in dynamic systems theory with current research in neuroscience and neural development. In particular, they show how by processes of exploration and selection, multimodal experiences form the bases for self-organizing perception-action categories. Thelen and Smith offer a radical alternative to current cognitive theory, both in their emphasis on dynamic representation and in their focus on processes of change. Among the first attempt to apply complexity theory to psychology, they suggest reinterpretations of several classic issues in early cognitive development. The book is divided into three sections. The first discusses the nature of developmental processes in general terms, the second covers dynamic principles in process and mechanism, and the third looks at how a dynamic theory can be applied to enduring puzzles of development. Cognitive Psychology series

Linda B. Smith is a Professor of Psychology and Cognitive Science at Indiana University.

Series Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction
The Nature of Development: A Dynamic Approach
Lessons from Learning to Walk
Learning to Walk: The Views from Above
Deficiencies of Single-Cause Explanations
Central Pattern Generators and Locomotion
Learning to Walk: A Confrontation with More Data
Deconstructing Developmental Stages
Locomotor Development in the Bullfrog
Locomotor Development in the Chick
Locomotor Development in the Cat
Note
The Crisis in Cognitive Development
Piaget: The View from Above
The View from Below: Transitive Inference Making
Competence versus Performance
Nativism
What Is Continuity?
What Does Innate Mean?
Modularity
Human Information Processing
Connectionism
Teleology: Beyond the End-state in Developmental Theory
Conclusion
Dynamic Systems: Exploring Paradigms for Change
The Behavior of Dynamic Systems: An Overview
Principles of Dynamic Systems
Complexity and Systems Far from Thermal Equilibrium
Self-organizing Systems
Dynamic Stability and Attractors
Phase Shifts: How Dynamic Systems Change States
Fluctuations and Transitions: Unpacking Processes of Change
The Importance of Time Scale Relations
A Note on "Noise"
A Further Note on Stability
Summary
Note
Dynamic Principles of Development: Reinterpreting Learning to Walk
Overview
A Note on Time Scales of Emergent Action
Dynamic Principles of Action
The Contributions of Bernstein
Energetic Aspects of Movement
Self-organization in Real Time: Spontaneous Infant Kicking
Moving Between Time Scales: From Action to Development
Development as Evolving and Dissolving Attractors
A New Role for Variability in Development
Ontogenetic Changes in Infant Leg Movements
The Disappearance of Newborn Stepping
Coordination and Control of Infant Kicking: Dynamic Changes
Entraining the Intrinsic Dynamics to the Environment: Treadmill-elicitedStepping in Infants
The Development of Treadmill Stepping: Mapping the Dynamics of Change
The Role of the Individual in a Dynamic Systems Approach
Operationalizing Dynamic Principles to Understand the Ontogeny ofTreadmill Stepping
Identifying the Collective Variable of Interest
Characterizing the Behavioral Attractor States
Describing the Dynamic Trajectory of the Collective Variable
Identifying Points of Transition
Exploiting the Instabilities at Transitions to Identify Potential ControlParameters
Manipulating the Putative Control Parameters to Experimentally Generate Phase Transitions
Integrating Dynamic Accounts at Many Levels of Analysis
A Dynamic Account of Learning to Walk: The Ontogenetic Landscape
Seeking Mechanisms of Change
Dynamics of Neural Organization and Development
Explanation and Mechanism
Dynamic Organization of the Brain
Dynamics of Perception: Olfaction in the Rabbit
Dynamics of Movement: Neural Control of Reaching
Dynamics of Change: Experience-driven Plasticity in the Adult Brain
Time-locked Dynamic Processes in the Visual Cortex
The Theory of Neuronal Group Selection
Perceptual Categorization and the Origins of Behavior
Development by Selection
The Anatomical Bases and Functions of Neural Diversity
Variability in the Structure of the Nervous System
The Creation of Diversity in Neuroembryology
Development of the Primary Repertoire
Dynamic Processes in the Early Embryo
The Role of the Cell Surface in Morphogenesis
Cellular Processes of Neural Development
The Relation between Neurogenesis, Mapping, and Behavior: Moving toPerception and Action
Note
Categories and Dynamic Knowledge
Philosophy versus Biology
Philosophical Categories
Biological Categories
Categories that Teach Themselves--A Computer Model
Developing Definitions of Objects
The Importance of Motion
A Dynamic Systems Account
Cognitive Momentum
What Is a Category?
Development as the Dynamic Selection of Categories
The Dynamics of Selection in Human Infants
The Unity of Perception
Intermodal Integration in Infants
Movement as Perception: The Critical Role of Movement in Development
The Central Role of Movement in the Development of Perception andCognition
Self-produced Locomotion
Other Motor Skills as Control Parameters
Development in the Absence of a Perceptual Modality
Dynamic Memory: From Learning to Development
Experimental Studies of Infant Learning and Memory
Developmental Changes in Memory
Note
Dynamics and the Origins of Knowledge
The Context-Specific Origin of Knowledge
Global Structure-Local Variability: The Integration of Time Scales
Learning About Slopes
Knowing What Is Possible
Possible and Impossible Events
Knowing Carts Can't Go Through Boxes
Developing Multiple Attractors
Jumping Between Global Structures: Novel Word Interpretations
Context and Competence
Knowledge from Action: Exploration and Selection in Learning to Reach
Learning to Reach: The Nature of the Task
Learning to Reach: A Dynamic Approach
The Transition to Reaching
Adult Reaching
Gabriel: From Flapping to Reaching
Hannah: Solving a Gravity Problem
Reaching Onset: The Discovery of a New Form
Matching Intention and Intrinsic Dynamics
Action as an Emergent Category
Nathan: Exploration and Selection over the First Year
Knowledge from Action and Action from Knowledge
Real Time, Developmental Time, and Knowing: Explaining the A-Not-B Error
The A-Not-B Error
Context Effects
The Data to Be Explained
A Systems Account
Explaining the Context Dependencies in Eight-month-old Performances
The What System--Perceiving the Static Properties of Objects
The Looking System
The Reaching System
Trajectories--Eight-month-olds, Standard Condition, No Delay
Explanation of Eight-month-olds' Behavior in the Standard Task
Eight-month-olds and Distinctive Containers
Eight-month-olds and Multiple Hiding Locations
Evaluation of the Account of Eight-month-old Infants' Search Behavior
Development: Putting Real Time and Developmental Time Together
Maturation or Development?
What Is Knowing?
Hard Problems: Toward a Dynamic Cognition
Motivation: Where Does It All Come from?
Rethinking Motivation
Motivation and the Dynamic Landscape
Toward an Affective Cognition
Kurt Lewin Rediscovered
The Origins of an Embodied Cognition
A Developmental Account of Force Embodiment
Toward a Social Embodiment of Knowledge
Talking and Perceiving: An Interactive Cognition
Symbolic Thought in a Dynamic Cognition
Paradigm Shifts
Epilogue
References
Author Index
Subject Index

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