Programs and Manifestoes on 20th-Century Architecture

ISBN-10: 0262530309
ISBN-13: 9780262530309
Edition: 1997
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Description: The present volume offers eloquent testimony that many of the master builders of this century have held passionate convictions regarding the philosophic and social basis of their art. Nearly every important development in the modern architectural  More...

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Book details

List price: $30.00
Copyright year: 1997
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 11/15/1975
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 192
Size: 5.25" wide x 8.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.638

The present volume offers eloquent testimony that many of the master builders of this century have held passionate convictions regarding the philosophic and social basis of their art. Nearly every important development in the modern architectural movement began with the proclamation of these convictions in the form of a program or manifesto. The most influential of these are collected here in chronological order from 1903 to 1963. Taken together, they constitute a subjective history of modern architecture; compared with one another, their great diversity of style reveals in many cases the basic differences of attitude and temperament that produced a corresponding divergence in architectural style. In point of view, the book covers the aesthetic spectrum from right to left; from programs that rigidly generate designs down to the smallest detail to revolutionary manifestoes that call for anarchy in building form and town plan. The documents, placed in context by the editor, are also international in their range: among them are the seminal and prophetic statements of Henry van de Velde, Adolf Loos, and Bruno Taut from the early years of the century; Frank Lloyd Wright's 1910 annunciation of Organic Architecture; Gropius's original program for the Bauhaus, founded in Weimar in 1919; "Towards a New Architecture, Guiding Principles" by Le Corbusier; the formulation by Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner of the basic principles of Constructivism; and articles by R. Buckminster Fuller on universal architecture and the architect as world planner. Other pronouncements, some in flamboyant style, including those of Erich Mendelsohn, Hannes Meyer, Theo van Doesburg, Oskar Schlemmer, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, El Lissitzky, and Louis I. Kahn. There are also a number of collective or group statements, issued in the name of movements such as CIAM, De Stijl, ABC, the Situationists, and GEAM. Since the dramatic effectiveness of the manifesto form is usually heightened by brevity and conciseness, it has been possible to reproduce most of the documents in their entirety; only a few have been excerpted.

Foreword
1903 Programme
1906 Fermentation in architecture
1907 Credo
1908 Ornamentation and crime
1910 Organic Architecture
1911 Aims of the Werkbund
1914 Werkbund theses and antitheses
1914 Glass architecture
1914 Futurist architecture
1918 Manifesto I
1918 A programme for architecture
1919 'Work Council for Art': Under the wing of a great architecture
1919 Gropius / Taut / Behne: New ideas on architecture
1919 Programme of the Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar
1919 The problem of a new architecture
1920 Basic principles of Constructivism
1920 Down with seriousism!
1920 Towards a new architecture: guiding principles
1921 Fruhlicht (Daybreak)
1922 Creative Demands
1923 Manifesto V
1923 Towards collective building (Commentary on Manifesto V)
1923 Manifesto for the first Bauhaus exhibition
1923 The new engineer is coming
1923 Dynamics and function
1923 Working theses
1923 Analytical and Utopian architecture
1924 Towards a plastic architecture
1924 Industrialized building
1924 Casa Nova
1924 Suprematist manifesto Unovis
1925 Guiding principles of town planning
1926 Principles of Bauhaus production [Dessau]
1926 Space City architecture
1926 Five points towards a new architecture
1927 On form in architecture
1927 Formulations towards a reorientation in the applied arts
1928 Synthesis - World Architecture
1928 CIAM: La Sarraz Declaration
1928 ABC demands dictatorship of the machine
1928 Building
1929 Ideological superstructure
1930 The new era
1931 Young Architecture
1932 The house as an organic structure
1932 Universal architecture
1933 CIAM: Charter of Athens: tenets
1943 A programme for city reconstruction
1947 A post-war appeal: fundamental demands
1947 Magical Architecture
1949 Forms
1950 Technology and Architecture
1954 New games!
1957 Seven theses
1958 Mould Manifesto against rationalism in architecture
1958 Constant / Debord: Situationist definitions
1960 Organics
1960 Towards a new architecture
1960 GEAM: Programme for a mobile architecture
1960 Order is
1960 Project for an aerial architecture
1960 'Situationists': International Manifesto
1960 The Space City
1960 Constant: New Babylon
1961 The architect as world planner
1962 Absolute architecture
1962 The ten principles of space town planning
1963 We demand
Sources
Index

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