Grammar as Science

ISBN-10: 026251303X
ISBN-13: 9780262513036
Edition: 2009
List price: $60.00 Buy it from $18.51
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Description: An introduction to the study of syntax that also introduces students to the principles of scientific theorizing.

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Book details

List price: $60.00
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 12/30/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 456
Size: 6.75" wide x 8.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.826
Language: English

An introduction to the study of syntax that also introduces students to the principles of scientific theorizing.

Preface for Teachers
Acknowledgements
Setting Out
Language as a Natural Object
The Terrain Ahead
What Is Linguistics?
Leading Questions
Studying Knowledge of Language
A Talking Analogy
Universal Grammar
What Is Syntax About?
Review
Dividing Up the Problem Area
Internal Structure
Exercises
Grammars as Theories
Introducing Phrase Structure Rules
Review
Generating Sentences
Phrase Structure Rules
Tree Diagrams and Derivations
Grammars
Review
Grammars as Theories
The Data of Syntax
Formulating a Grammar
Working with Grammars
Review
Testing a Grammar
Revising a Grammar
Extending a Grammar
Exercises
Choosing between Theories
Comparing Rules and Theories
Review
Comparing Alternative Rules
Equivalent Theories
Comparing Equivalent Theories
Constituency and Constituency Tests
Review
More on Conjunction
Other Constituency Tests
Trees and Tree Relations
Review
More about Trees
Some Distributional Facts
C-Command Phenomena as Constituency Tests
Determining Category
Review
Determining Category
The Category of Words
The Category of Phrases
Revising, Refining, and Reconsidering
Review
Interpreting Test Results
More on Revising Grammars
Exercises
Arguing for a Theory
Constructing Arguments I
Review
Giving an Argument
Four Steps of an Argument and Their Relations
Convergent Evidence
Nonconvergent Evidence
Coming Up With the Parts of an Argument
Constructing Arguments II
Review
Choosing between Alternative Structures
Missing Principle
Missing Data Summary and Principle
Missing Data Summary, Principle, and Conclusion I
Missing Data Summary, Principle, and Conclusion II
Exercises
Searching for Explanation
Structural Formulas
Explaining Phrase Markers?
Introducing the Lexicon
Review
Categories and Subcategories
The Lexicon
Features, Heads, and Phrases
Review
Expanding Our Feature Set
Where Does a Phrase Get Its Features?
Heads and Phrases
Verbal Complements and Adjuncts
Review
Complements
Adjuncts
Distinguishing Complements and Adjuncts
Review
Complement or Adjunct?
Three Diagnostics
Attaching Complements
Review
Complements and Constituency
A Locality Constraint
Attaching Adjuncts
Review
An Apparent Contradiction
Adjunction of Modifiers
Exercises
Following the Consequences
Complement Sentences I
Review
Sentence Forms
Sentences inside Sentences
Selection for Sentence Type
Complement Sentences II
Review
Finite versus Nonfinite Clauses
Selection for Finiteness
Invisible Lexical Items
Review
Subjectless Infinitives and PRO
“Invisible Elements”: Expect versus Persuade
Summing Up
NP Structure
Review
Sentencelike NPs
Complements of N
Adjuncts in NP
PRO in NP
X-Bar Theory
Review
More on NP - TP
The Structure of PP
Abstracting a Common Shape
Powerful Implications!
Simple Rules versus Complex Structures
Exercises
Expanding and Constraining the Theory
Interrogatives and Movement
Review
The Problem of Constituent Interrogatives
Wh -Movement
Further Evidence for Movement
More on Wh -Movement
Review
Movement in General
Movement in CP
Matrix Interrogatives
Constraints on Movement I
Review
“Long-Distance” Movement
Stepwise Movement
The Principle of the Strict Cycle
Constraints on Movement II
Review
NP Domains
Movement and Complete Sentences
Movement and Nominals
The Phase Principle
Parametric Variation
Review
Crosslinguistic Variation in Movement
“Parameterizing” Principles
Exercises
Reference
Index

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