Computational Neurobiology of Reaching and Pointing A Foundation for Motor Learning

ISBN-10: 0262195089

ISBN-13: 9780262195089

Edition: 2005

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Description:

Neuroscience involves the study of the nervous system, and its topics range from genetics to inferential reasoning. At its heart, however, lies a search for understanding how the environment affects the nervous system and how the nervous system, in turn, empowers us to interact with and alter our environment. This empowerment requires motor learning. The Computational Neurobiology of Reaching and Pointingaddresses the neural mechanisms of one important form of motor learning. The authors integrate material from the computational, behavioral, and neural sciences of motor control that is not available in any other single source. The result is a unified, comprehensive model of reaching and pointing. The book is intended to be used as a text by graduate students in both neuroscience and bioengineering and as a reference source by experts in neuroscience, robotics, and other disciplines. The book begins with an overview of the evolution, anatomy, and physiology of the motor system, including the mechanisms for generating force and maintaining limb stability. The sections that follow, "Computing Locations and Displacements," "Skills, Adaptations, and Trajectories," and "Predictions, Decisions, and Flexibility," present a theory of sensorially guided reaching and pointing that evolves organically based on computational principles rather than a traditional structure-by-structure approach. The book also includes five appendixes that provide brief refreshers on fundamentals of biology, mathematics, physics, and neurophysiology, as well as a glossary of relevant terms. The authors have also made supplemental materials available on the Internet. These web documents provide source code for simulations, step-by-step derivations of certain mathematical formulations, and expanded explanations of some concepts.
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Book details

List price: $80.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 10/28/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 544
Size: 8.50" wide x 10.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.948
Language: English

Reza Shadmehr is Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Neuroscience at Johns Hopkins University and the author of The Computational Neurobiology of Reaching and Pointing (MIT Press, 2005).

Steven P. Wise is a Research Biologist in the Senior Biomedical Research Service at the National Institute of Mental Health.

Contents in Detail
Preface
Introduction
Evolution, Anatomy, and Physiology
Our Moving History: The Evolution of the Vertebrate CNS
Burdens of History: Control Problems That Reach from the Past
What Motor Learning Is, What Motor Learning Does
What Does the Motor Learning I: Spinal Cord and Brainstem
What Does the Motor Learning II: Forebrain
What Generates Force and Feedback
What Maintains Limb Stability
Computing Locations and Displacements
Computing End-Effector Location I: Theory
Computing End-Effector Location II: Experiment
Computing Target Location
Computing Difference Vectors I: Fixation-Centered Coordinates
Computing Difference Vectors II: Parietal and Frontal Cortex
Planning Displacements and Forces
Skills, Adaptation, and Trajectories
Aligning Vision and Proprioception I: Adaptation and Context
Aligning Vision and Proprioception II: Mechanisms and Generalization
Remapping, Predictive Updating, and Autopilot Control
Planning to Reach or Point I: Smoothness in Visual Coordinates
Planning to Reach or Point II: A Next-State Planner
Predictions, Decisions, and Flexibility
Predicting Force I: Internal Models of Dynamics
Predicting Force II: Representation and Generalization
Predicting Force III: Consolidating a Motor Skill
Predicting Inputs and Correcting Errors I: Filtering and Teaching
Predicting Inputs and Correcting Errors II: Learning from Reflexes
Deciding Flexibility on Goals, Actions, and Sequences
Glossary and Appendixes
Glossary
Biology Refresher
Anatomy Refresher
Mathematics Refresher
Physics Refresher
Neurophysiology Refresher
Index
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