Developmental Psychobiology An Interdisciplinary Science

ISBN-10: 0262133121
ISBN-13: 9780262133128
Edition: 1995
List price: $17.75
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Description: This text is the first to provide a coherent theoretical treatment of the flourishing new field of developmental psychobiology which has arisen in recent years on the crest of exciting advances in evolutionary biology, developmental neuroscience,  More...

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Book details

List price: $17.75
Copyright year: 1995
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 10/16/1995
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 532
Size: 8.25" wide x 10.50" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 3.388
Language: English

This text is the first to provide a coherent theoretical treatment of the flourishing new field of developmental psychobiology which has arisen in recent years on the crest of exciting advances in evolutionary biology, developmental neuroscience, and dynamic systems theory. Michel and Moore, two of the field's key pioneers and researchers, integrate primary source information from research in both biological and psychological disciplines in a clear account of the frontier of biopsychological investigation and theorizing. Explicitly conceptual and historical, the first three chapters set the stage for a clear understanding of the field and its research, with particular attention to the nature-nurture question. The next three chapters each provide information about a basic subfield in biology (genetics, evolution, embryology) that is particularly relevant for developmental studies of behavior. These are followed by extended treatments of three spheres of inquiry (behavioral embryology, cognitive neuroscience, animal behavior) in terms of how a successful interdisciplinary approach to behavioral development might look. A final chapter comments on some of the unique aspects of development study. From this detailed and clearly organized text, students will achieve a firm grasp of some of science's most fertile questions about the relation between evolution and development, the relation between brain and cognitive development, the value of a natural history approach to animal behavior -- and what it teaches us about humans -- and much more. Each chapter contains material that questions the conventional wisdom held in many subdisciplines of biology and psychology. Throughout, the text challenges students to think creatively as it thoroughly grounds them in the field's approach to such topics as behavioral-genetic analysis, the concept of innateness, molecular genetics and development, neuroembryology, behavioral embryology, maturation, cognition, and ethology. A Bradford Book

George F. Michel is Head of the Department of Psychology at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

Preface
Biological Roots of Developmental Psychology
Biology and Psychology
The Darwinian Legacy
The Anecdotalists and the Origin of Comparative Psychology
Some Early Conceptions of Psychological Development
Principles of Developmental Science
Dynamic Systems and Development
Psychobiology
How Can Biology and Psychology Be Integrated?
The Two Disciplines
Current Disciplinary Trends
The Hazards of the Interdisciplinary Endeavor
The Lure of Biological Explanations
Summary
Biology and Psychology: Problems for a Synthesis
The Hierarchy of Science
The Hierarchy
Some Inversions in the Hierarchy of Biology and Psychology
Genes and Behavior
Hormones and Behavior
Psychoneuroimmunology
Reductionism
The Distinction Between Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
The Usefulness of Reductionism
Culture-Biology Dualism
Assumptions Underlying Culture-Biology Dualism
Culture and Biology Are Separable
Several Meanings of the Word Biology
Notions of Developmental Inevitability
Methodological Consequences of Dualist Assumptions
The Separation of Culture and Biology
Reification
The Biological Imperative
The Fallacy of Value-Based Scientific Arguments
The Naturalistic Fallacy
Summary
The Beginnings of a Resolution: A Modern Synthesis
The Concept of Innateness
The Semantic Confusion
The Conceptual Confusion
Keeping Questions Distinct
Functional Questions
Function as Separate from Causation
Causal Questions
Proximate Causation
Phylogenetic Causation
Ontogenetic Causation
Why Do Birds Sing?
A Holistic and Epigenetic Approach to Developmental and Comparative Psychology
Schneirla's Perspective on Development
The Fusion of Maturation and Experience
The Concept of Experience
The Temporal Characteristics of Development
The Relationship Between Evolution and Development
Phyletic Levels
Functional Order
The Relationship Between the Organism and Its Behavior
Summary
Evolution and Development
The Influence of Darwin and Mendel
Darwin, Wallace, and the Growth of Evolutionary Thought
Darwinian Evolution
Mendel and Differentiating Characters
The Synthetic Theory
Sociobiology
Societies as Adaptations
The Genetic Measure of Fitness
Human Sociality
Problems with the Synthetic Theory
Organisms as Mosaics of Adapted Traits
Linear Path from Gene to Trait
The Niche Concept, Speciation, and Macroevolution
Alternatives to the Synthetic Theory
Organism-Environment Coevolution
The Union of Developmental and Evolutionary Biology
Evolutionary Ontogenesis
Summary
Genetics and Development
Human Behavioral Genetics
The Types of Geneticists
The Origin of the Field of Genetics
The Search for the Gene
Methods Of Behavioral Genetic Analysis
Unifactorial Methods
Multifactorial Methods
Heritability
Twin and Adoption Studies
Developmental Sources of Variance
Molecular Genetics And Development
Genetics and Conception
Genetics and DNA
DNA, the Gene, and Proteins
Transcription and Translation
Regulation of Gene Expression
Immediate Early Genes
Hormones and Their Receptors
G Proteins
DNA and Development
The Concept of Environment in Development
Genetics And Developmental Psychobiology
Summary
Neuroembryology and the Ontogenetic Origins of Behavior
Embryological Development
Morphogenesis
Organicism
Mechanists
Genes And Embryology
Embryology And The Nervous System
Neuroembryology
The Number, Movement, Form, and Connectivity of Cells
Location
Differentiation
Survival and Death
Connectivity
Regional Patterns Within the Nervous System
Variations Within And Among Species
Neuroanatomical Polymorphisms and Reproductive Function
Speciation and Neuroanatomical Changes
Neuroanatomy and Function
Neuroembryology And Behavior
Summary
Behavioral Embryology
Ontogenetic Adaptations
Features Of Embryonic Neurobehavioral Organization
Sensory Input and Spontaneous Prenatal Behavior
Descending Control and Spontaneous Prenatal Behavior
Inhibition and Spontaneous Prenatal Behavior
Significance of Spontaneous Fetal Activity
Fetal Activity as an Epiphenomenon
Fetal Activity as Preparation for Postnatal Behavior
Fetal Activity as Ontogenetic Adaptation
Continuing Questions
Features Of Neonatal Neurobehavioral Organization
The Role of Descending Control
Significance of Spontaneous Neonatal Activity
Neonatal Activity as an Epiphenomenon
Neonatal Activity as Preparation
Neonatal Activity as Ontogenetic Adaptations
Clinical Implications
Sources Of Embryonic Experience
Continuity And Qualitative Change
Some Special Features Of Mammalian Behavioral Embryology
Physiological Regulation in Neonates
The Biosocial to Psychosocial Transition
Transgenerational Effects of Life Events
Summary
Cognitive Development and Developmental Psychobiology
Maturation And Cognition
Development Of Infant Motor Skills
Maturation and Neurobehavioral Elements
Age of Appearance
Primitive Reflexes
Construction from Reflexes
Gesell's Maturational Theory
Manual Skills
Prehension
Bimanual Coordination and Handedness
The Development Of Sensorimotor Intelligence During Infancy
Piaget's Account Of Sensorimotor Intelligence
Do Infants Have an Adult Cognitive System?
Neural Development and Infant Intelligence
Aspects Of Language Development
Syntactic Theory
Semantic Theory
Language as a Communicative Skill
The Neurology of Language
Learning And Education
Summary
Animal Behavior, Ethology, and Human Development
Two Orientations To Animal Behavior
The Natural History Orientation And The Ethological Approach Ethology
Mechanism and Vitalism
Natural Selection and Animal Behavior
The Ethological Approach
Human Ethology
Contributions Of The Natural History Orientation To The Study Of Human Development
Development of New Research Techniques
Description
Analysis of Social Behavior
Clarification of Concepts
Attachment
Critical Period
Aggression
Abnormal
Identification of Special Features of Human Development
Imitation and Teaching
Play
Society
Identification of Issues in Human Development that Need Study
Self-Stimulation
New Directions
Summary
Developmental Psychobiology and the Unification of Behavioral Biology
Developmental Psychobiology And The Unification Of Behavioral Biology
The Experimental-Predictive And Historical Styles Of Science
Summary
References
Glossary
Name Index
Subject Index

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