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Catholic Church and the Holocaust, 1930-1965

ISBN-10: 0253214718
ISBN-13: 9780253214713
Edition: N/A
Authors: Michael Phayer
List price: $27.00 Buy it from $3.00
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Description: Throwing the spotlight relentlessly on Pius XIIHitler's Popehas skewed the question surrounding Catholicism and the Holocaust, depriving us of a record of what the entire church did or did not do. Such a record is provided for the first time in the  More...

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Book details

List price: $27.00
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Publication date: 5/22/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 328
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.80" tall
Weight: 1.232
Language: English

Throwing the spotlight relentlessly on Pius XIIHitler's Popehas skewed the question surrounding Catholicism and the Holocaust, depriving us of a record of what the entire church did or did not do. Such a record is provided for the first time in the Michael Phayer's compelling book. Phayer shows that without effective church leadership under Pius XII, Catholics acted ambiguously during the Holocaust--some saving Jews, others helping Hitler murder them, the majority simply standing by. After the Holocaust, with Pope John XXIII at the helm, the church moved swiftly to rid itself of centuries-long anti-semitic tradition.The Catholic Church's official silence during the Holocaust, its anti-Semitism, and its apparent lack of action to save lives have all been part of a long historical discussion. Making extensive use of churchdocuments, Michael Phayer explores the actions of the Catholic Church and the actions of individual Catholics during the crucial period from the emergence of Hitler until the church's official rejection of anti-Semitism in 1965. Phayer's account permits us to follow the evolution of official Catholic thinking during the rebuilding of Germany, the Cold War, and the gradual theological reforms that led to Vatican II.Pope Pius XII did not cause the Holocaust nor was it within his power to stop it. Why then is he the centre of controversy, most recently asHitler's Pope? For Michael Phayer, casting the spotlight relentlessly on Pius XII has skewed the question surrounding Catholicism and the Holocaust, depriving us of a record of what the entire church did or did not do. Phayer provides such a record for the first time in the first half of this book. It reveals that European bishops displayed a shocking disparity in their attitudes toward Jews and in their conduct during the Holocaust. On the positive side, the record of those who tried to help Jews is filled with the names of ordinary people.The Holocaust ended in 1945 but the Catholic Church did not come to terms with the Shoah until 1965. How this occurred is a story worth telling. Those who perpetrated the Holocaust committed suicide at the end of the war, or were tried and executed after it, or vanished into obscurity. But the men and women who resisted the Holocaust lived on after it to help bring an end to the church's equivocal stand on anti-Semitism.

Michael Phayer, a recognized authority on the Catholic Church and the Holocaust, is Emeritus Professor of History at Marquette University and the Ida E. King Distinguished Visiting Scholar of Holocaust Studies at the Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. He is author of The Catholic Church and the Holocaust, 1930-1965 (IUP, 2000). He lives in Columbia, Maryland.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Catholic Attitudes Toward Jews Before the Holocaust
Genocide before the Holocaust: Poland, 1939
Genocide before the Holocaust: Croatia, 1941
The Holocaust and Priorities of Pope Pius XII
In the Eye of the Storm: German Bishops and the Holocaust
European Bishops and the Holocaust
Catholics and the Holocaust
Answering for the Holocaust
The Holocaust and the Priorities of Pope Pius XII during the Cold War
Catholics and Jews after the Holocaust
The Holocaust Recalled, Antisemitism Renounced: the Second Vatican Council
Epilogue
References
Index

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