Banished to the Homeland Dominican Deportees and Their Stories of Exile

ISBN-10: 0231149352
ISBN-13: 9780231149358
Edition: 2011
List price: $26.00
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Description: The 1996 U.S. Immigration Reform and Responsibility Act has led to the forcible deportation of more than thirty thousand Dominicans from the United States, with little protest or even notice from the public. Since these deportees return to the  More...

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Book details

List price: $26.00
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 11/11/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.100
Language: English

The 1996 U.S. Immigration Reform and Responsibility Act has led to the forcible deportation of more than thirty thousand Dominicans from the United States, with little protest or even notice from the public. Since these deportees return to the country of their origin, many Americans assume repatriation will be easy and the emotional and financial hardships will be few, but in fact the opposite is true. Deportees suffer greatly when they are torn from their American families and social networks, and they are further demeaned as they resettle former homelands, blamed for crime waves, cultural and economic decline, and other troubles largely beyond their control.Following thousands of Dominican deportees over a seven-year period, David C. Brotherton and Luis Barrios capture the experience of emigration, imprisonment, banishment, and repatriation on this vulnerable population. Through a unique combination of sociological and criminological reasoning, they isolate the forces that motivate immigrants to leave their homeland and then commit crimes that violate the very terms of their stay. Housed in urban landscapes rife with gangs, drugs, and tenuous working conditions, these individuals, the authors find, repeatedly play out a tragic scenario, influenced by long-standing historical injustices, punitive politics, and increasingly conservative attitudes undermining basic human rights and freedoms. Brotherton and Barrios conclude that a simultaneous process of cultural inclusion and socioeconomic exclusion best explains the trajectory of emigration, settlement, and rejection, and they mark in the behavior of deportees the contradictory effects of dependency and colonialism: the seductive draw of capitalism typified by the American dream versus the material needs of immigrant life; the interests of an elite security state versus the desires of immigrant workers and families to succeed; and the ambitions of the Latino community versus the political realities of those designing crime and immigration laws, which always disadvantage these poor and vulnerable populations. Filled with riveting life stories and uncommon ethnographic research, Banished to the Homeland relates the modern deportee's journey to broader theoretical studies of transnationalism, assimilation, and social control, exposing the dangerous new reality created by today's draconian immigration policies.

Acknowledgments
Introduction
The Study
How It All Began
The Literature
The Deportee as Substance
The Deportee as Theory
Toward a Transnational Methodology
Contents of the Book
Setting and Sample
History
The Contemporary Sociogeography of the Dominican Republic
The Political Economy of the Dominican Republic
What Happened to the Caribbean Miracle?
From Indirect to Direct Violence
The Sample
Leaving for America
Reasons for Leaving
From the Indirect Violence of Poverty to the Direct Violence of Repression
Feelings of Loss
Getting to America
Conclusion
Settlement
The Neighborhood
Family Life
School Life
Getting a Job
Conclusion
Pathways to Crime
Pathways to Crime
The Peer Group
What of Rational Choice? The Egocentric Economic Decision
What of the Family Context?
Of Ethics and Socialization: Snitches and Corrupt Officials
Conclusion
Prison
Legal Representation
The Shock of the Sentence
Prison Experiences
Conclusion
Deported
Experiencing the Legal Process of Deportation
The Flight Back
Conclusion
Back in the Homeland-Part One: The Social-Psychological Crisis of the Deportee
Getting Processed
The Experience of Social Displacement and Stigmatization
Moral and Physical Stigma
Conclusion
Back in the Homeland-Part Two: Economic, Social and Cultural Survival
Work
The Formal Sector
The Informal Sector
Conclusion
Back in the Homeland-Part Three: Prison, Dominican Style
The Dominican Prison System
The Situation at Najayo Prison
Conclusion
The Return of the Deportees
Why Go Back to the United States?
How Do Deportees Return?
Surviving in New York City
Themes from the Interviews
Conclusion
Conclusion
Between Hope and Rejection
Bulimia and a Contradictory Theory of Exclusion
The Homecoming
What of Resistance?
New Practices and Policies of Inclusion?
More Research
Dominican Central Bank Occupational Data
Internet Resources
Immigrant Rights
Pro-Immigrant Organizations Fighting Deportation
Notes
References
Index

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