Semantics

ISBN-10: 0230232302

ISBN-13: 9780230232303

Edition: 2nd 2011 (Revised)

Authors: Kate Kearns
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Book details

List price: $50.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2011
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Publication date: 5/11/2011
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.166
Language: English

KATE KEARNS Senior Lecturer in Linguistics at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand.

Acknowledgements
Preface to the First Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Introduction
Semantics and pragmatics
Kinds of meaning
Denotation and Sense
Lexical and structural meaning
Categorematic and syncategorematic expressions
Truth-conditional theories of meaning
Denotations
Possible worlds, extension and intension
Truth conditions
Truth-based relations between statements
Implicature
The Principle of Relevance
The Principle of Informativeness
Other contextual factors: indexicality and anaphors
Presupposition
Exercises
Further Reading
Basic Logical Tools
Representations for meanings
The logical connectives
Conjunction
Negation
Disjunction
The material implication connective
The biconditional connective
Predicates and arguments
Predicates, verbs and the number of arguments
Sentences as arguments
Path arguments
Exercises
Further Reading
The Logical Quantifiers
The universal quantifier
The existential quantifier
Intersective and non-intersective adjectives
The logical quantifiers are interdefinable
Scope and scopal ambiguity
Scope and tree diagrams
Scopal ambiguity
Exercises
Further Reading
Formal Composition
Types
Functions
Types of function
Lambda abstraction
Some general rules for semantic composition
Predicate variables
Summary of rules and definitions
Exercises
Further Reading
Modality and Possible Worlds
Kinds of modality
Logical modality
Epistemic modality
Deontic modality
Modality and possible worlds
Logical modality and possible worlds
Epistemic modality and possible worlds
Deontic modality and possible worlds
Interdefinability with negation
Counterfactuals
Exercises
Further Reading
Generalized Quantifiers
Quantification beyond first order logic
Generalized Quantifier Theory
Different types of quantifier determiner
Group 1 and Group 2 determiners
The ambiguity of few and many
Few and a few
Some and several
Restricted quantifier notation
Scopal ambiguity
Proportional determiners and discourse familiarity
Strong and weak determiners and there BE sentences
The definiteness effect
Types of there BE sentence
Determiner the and definite descriptions
Russell's Theory of Descriptions
The as a generalized quantifier
Definite descriptions as strong NPs
Familiarity effects
Definite descriptions in there BE contexts
Definite descriptions and scopal ambiguity
Quantifiers and negative polarity items
Generalized quantifiers as lambda functions
Exercises
Further Reading
Referential Opacity
Quine's referential opacity
Modality, descriptions and names
Modality and names
Modality and descriptions
Propositional attitudes and descriptions
Summary: descriptions and scope
Propositional attitudes and names
De re and de dicto readings with other quantifiers
Indefinite descriptions and specificity
Exercises
Further Reading
Aktionsarten: Aspectual Classes of Events
Vendler's four aspectual classes
Diagnostic tests for aktionsarten
In adverbials
The take time construction
For adverbials
The sub-interval property
Entailments of the progressive
Duration and the progressive
Telicity and boundedness
Semelfactive predicates
Aktionsarten and agentivity
Nominal and verbal aspect
Closing comment
Exercises
Further Reading
Tense and Aspect
Introduction
The English verb group
Interpretations of present, past, progressive and perfect
Interpretations of the present tense
Interpretations of the past tense
Other forms for future and habitual
Interpretations of the progressive
Interpretations of the present perfect
Present time adverbials
Current result states
'Hot news' perfect
Continuing state
Tense as an operator
Tense and reference to times
Reichenbach's analysis of tense
Reference to times in a narrative
Reference time movement
State/progressive includes reference time: reference time includes bounded event
Is r the same as Reichenbach's R?
General principles for temporal interpretation in narrative
Adding tense
Closing comment
Exercises
Further Reading
Thematic Roles and Lexical Conceptual Structure
Introduction
Traditional thematic roles
Agent/Actor and Patient
Localist roles
Recipient and benefactive
Experiencer and stimulus
Do adjuncts have thematic roles?
Themes and Patients
Summary
More detailed analysis of thematic roles
Lexical conceptual structure and thematic roles
The action tier
Theme, goal and location
Experiencer and stimulus
Motion event roles
Recipient and benefactive
Summary of theta roles in LCS
Verb classes and LCS
Closing comment
Summary of LCS symbols and definitions with selected examples
Exercises
Further Reading
Events
Davidson's analysis of action sentences
Neodavidsonian developments
Separation of direct arguments
Relations to events
The adicity of verbal predicates
Events and perception verbs
Adding tense and NP quantifiers
Exercises
Further Reading
Bibliography
Index
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